by Meng Zhong5A2
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Transnational terrorism refers to the unlawful use of force
or indiscriminate violence by internationally-linked groups
against persons and propertises in many different parts of
what worsened the
relationships of Iraq &
Economic problems in Iraq due to the war with Iran,
plunged its economy downwards. Much of the money that
was borrowed was used to reconstruct the country,
amounts of US$230 Billion.
Oil Production was seen as a way to pay
back the debt Iraq had owed, through the
sale of oil. However, OPEC decided to put
quotas on it, limiting the sale/production
of oil. Because of the quota, a lot of
revenue was lost.
Dispute over territories also caused the
decline in relationships. Rumaila oilfield and
the Bubiyan and Warbah islands were the
two main territories. These territories
were important to Iraq for land for both oil
refinery and for sea trading ports.
Historical background has also
affected and caused conflict.
Iraq and Kuwait were former
British colonies and also under
the Ottoman Empire. After
Kuwait's independence, Iraq
felt it was still part of its
Attempts to solve.
Mediation was held by the
Considered both a failure and
success. Although prices
were readjusted, and that
the wartime debt was
written off, Iraq still invaded
Reasons for Iraq's invasion
Iraq's official reason, the Iraqi government claimed that
the invasion was an act of request of the
revolutionaries to free Kuwait from the ruling
Saddam Hussien's leadership,
Saddam always saw himself as a
capable and great leader. He
saw Kuwait's refusals as a
defiance and personal attack. In
addition, he was afraid worried
of uprising of Iraq on him.
Another reason that led to the invasion
was the misreading the position of the
US. Saddam believed that the
Americans were sympathetic to Iraq's
situation and felt encouraged to think
that no consequences were waiting for
him if he invaded Kuwait.
Reactions of the Invasion
An immediate reaction was the fear of Iraqi dominance. By
invading Kuwait, Iraq became a superpower in the oil
industry. Many countries like Saudi Arabia were afraid that
Iraq would attack them too for their old and control their
Another reaction was the American response. Saudi Arabia was worried
about the experienced army of Iraq and had officially invited the US to
help defend the kingdom. Troops were sent to defend Saudi Arabia, and
soon, Britain, France and members of the Arab League decided to join in
Impact of the conflict.
During the Iraqi occupation,
more than 1,000 Kuwaiti
civilians killed, and
thousands were tortured.
Museums, hospitals, shops
and homes were also looted
by the Iraqi soldiers.
Iraq's army was famous for its strength and power, an
army of one million soldiers, yet was heavy taken out due
to the external intervention. Large part of its
infrastructures were also heavily damaged due to the
attack from the US.