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antibiotics by Mind Map: antibiotics

1. Cell wall inhibitor

2. Protein synthesis inhibitor

3. Nucleic acid inhibitor

4. Beta lactams

5. Penicillin

6. Cephalosporin

7. Narrow

8. Broad

9. long

10. penicillinase resistant

11. extended

12. penicillin

13. ampicillin , amoxicillin

14. benzathine penicillin

15. piperacillin

16. 1st generation

17. 2nd generation

18. 3rd generation

19. 4th generation

20. Cephazolin , Cephalexin

21. -Gram + -surgical prophylaxis

22. -Gram - -anaerobes -UTI

23. Cefurexime ,Cefoxitime

24. -both Gram +, _ (broad) but mostly Gram - - for meningitis , gonorrhea , typhoid fever , septicemia

25. Ceftriaxone , Cefotaxime

26. -broad spectrum -resistant to B-lactamse -nephrotoxic -used for UTI , skin infections, infections of neutropenia and immunosuppressin

27. Cefepime, Cefprome

28. Polypeptid3s

29. vancomycine

30. Bacitracin

31. polymixin

32. -Bacteriacidal -Gram + -aerobic and anaerobic -for MRSA

33. -Bacteriacidal -Gram + -topical treatment for ski, eyes, and nose -nephrotoxic if used systematically

34. -Bacteriacidal -Gram - -topical treatment for ski, eyes, and nose -nephrotoxic if used systematically

35. monobactams

36. carbapenems

37. aztreoman

38. meropenem,imipenem

39. -Beta lactamase resistant -mainly against gram - -for abdominal sepsis

40. -Beta lactamase resistant -both gram +,- -anaerobes and aerobes

41. macrolides

42. aminoglycosides

43. chloramphinacole

44. clindamycine

45. tetracycline

46. -Bacteriostatic -broad spectrum, mainly gram + * -alternative for penicillin allergic patients -alternative for tetracycline in pregnant patients with chlamydia -may cause autotoxicity

47. erythromycine , clarithromycine, ezithromycine

48. -Not a macrolide but similar structure and mechanism -Narrow spectrum for gram + and anaerobes - for MRSA , abdominal and female genital infections , staph infections -dentists love it

49. tetracycline , doxacycline , minocycline

50. -bacteriostatic -Broad spectrum -for chlamydia , cholera , plague , resp and urogenital infections , topical for skin and eye infection

51. streptomycine , gentamycine , tobramycine , amikacin

52. -Bacteriacidal -works only on aerobes -gram + and - -for UTI , TB , plague, skin&eye infections

53. methycillin

54. fluoroquinolones

55. sulfonamide (sulfomethaxazole)

56. trimethoprim

57. rifampicine

58. norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin

59. -Bacteriacidal -Broad spectrum -for Gonorrhea, chlamydia, typhoid, travelers diarrhea , resistant TB

60. -both stop folate because its necessary for DNA synthesis -sulfonamide works on synthetase enzyme and trimethoprim on reductase -Bacteriostatic -for UTI , resp , GI infections

61. -broad spectrum -bacteriacida -for TB, leprosy, persistant infections, prophylaxis for meningitis