Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Personality by Mind Map: Personality

1. Psychoanalytic

1.1. Freud’s psychosexual theory

1.2. Structure: id (pleasure principle), ego

1.3. (reality principle), superego (morals,

1.4. ideals)

1.5. Levels of awareness: conscious, preconscious,

1.6. unconscious

1.7. Development: oral, anal, phallic

1.8. (Oedipal complex, penis envy), latency,

1.9. genital

1.10. Fixations

1.11. Defense mechanisms - reduce anxiety

1.12. Repression (primary)

1.13. Regression

1.14. Reaction formation

1.15. Rationalization

1.16. Displacement

1.17. Sublimation

1.18. Projection

1.19. Denial

1.20. Neo-Freudians

1.21. Adler—social, not sexual tensions

1.22. * Birth order, inferiority complex

1.23. Horney—rejected penis envy idea

1.24. Carl Jung—collective unconscious

1.25. Assessment

1.26. Projective tests

1.27. Rorschach

1.28. TAT - Thematic Apperception Test

1.29. Draw-a-person

1.30. Sentence completion

1.31. Evaluation:

1.32. * Repression often not shown (vivid

1.33. memory often results after trauma)

1.34. * Terror management theory

2. Humanism

2.1. Maslow—self-actualization

2.2. Hierarchy of needs

2.3. * Safety—security—love—self esteem— self-actualization

2.4. Carl Rogers—person-centered

2.5. Genuineness

2.6. Unconditional positive regard

2.7. Empathy

3. Social-cognitive

3.1. Reciprocal determinism—interplay of Personal factors/internal cognition Behavior Environment Personal control (Julian Rotter) External locus of control Internal locus of control *Without internal locus, learned helplessness results Explanatory style (Martin Seligman) Optimistic Unstable, specific, external Pessimistic Stable, global, internal Bandura Personality influenced by observational learning, outside influences (Bobo doll study) Self-efficacy (belief in ability to do things that lead to positive outcomes)

4. Trait theory

4.1. Greeks—4 humors (choleric, sanguine,

4.2. melancholic, phlegmatic)

4.3. Allport (student of Freud)

4.4. Eysenck—unstable/stable; introverted/extroverted

4.5. Costa & McCrae (Big 5)

4.6. OCEAN (openness, conscientiousness,

4.7. extraversion, agreeableness,

4.8. neuroticism)

4.9. Assessment

4.10. MMPI (used factor analysis, empirically

4.11. derived)

4.12. Cattell’s 16PF

4.13. Person-situation controversy

4.14. Walter Mischel—emphasizes

4.15. power of situational factors

4.16. Expressive style—thin slices

4.17. Barnum effect—astrology, etc.

5. The self

5.1. Hazel Markus— ―possible selves‖

5.2. Spotlight effect

5.3. Self-referencing effect

5.4. Self-esteem

5.4.1. Defensive vs. secure

5.5. Self-serving bias