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Patient Symptoms by Mind Map: Patient Symptoms
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Patient Symptoms



sexual problems

breast enlargement

growth problems

hair growth problems

muscle growth problems

reduced sex drive


Primary causes involving the Testes, certain autoimmune disorders, genetic and developmental problems, infection(s), Liver/Kidney diseases, high levels of radiation, surgery, common genetic disorders, Turner syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome

Causes involving the Hypothalamus and Pituitary gland, certain medications, steroids, opiates, genetic problems, infections, nutritional disorders, iron excess, hemochromatosis, high levels of radiation, rapid,significant weight lost, surgery, trauma, tumors


Primary, FSH Level, follicle-stimulating hormone, produced in the pituitary gland, activated by GRH, produced in the Hypothalamus, gonadotrophin releasing hormone, Blood is taken from a vein, the test will feel the same as any other time blood has been drawn, it feels like a sharp pinch, normal values, 1.5 - 12.4 mIU/ml, abnormal results, Hypopituitarism, Klinefelter syndrome, Turner syndrome, Precocious puberty, Anorexia, LH Level, luteinizing hormones, produced in the pituitarty gland, activated by GRH, produced in the Hypothalamus, gonadotrophin releasing hormone, Blood is taken from a vein, don't take any luteinzing hormone effecting drugs before the test, hormone replacement therapy, testosterone, the test will feel the same as any other time blood has been drawn, it feels like a sharp pinch, nomral values, 1-20 lU/L, abnormal results, Hypogonadism, Anorchia, Precocious puberty, Turner syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, Testosterone Level, Blood is taken from a vein, don't take any testosterone effecting drugs before test, the test will feel the same as any other time blood has been drawn, it feels like a sharp pinch, normal values, 300-1,200 ng/dl males, abnormal results, high testosterone levles, androgen resistance, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Precocious puberty, Testicular cancer, low testosterone levels, Delayed puberty, Hypopituitarism, Prolactinoma, Testicular failure, Hypogonadism

other test, anenia, iron levels, gentetics, sperm count, thyroid levels


add testosterone, patch, enters through skin, enters through gums, gel, enters through skin, injection, enters through veins

Testicular Cancer


Lump or swelling in either testicle

Enlargement of testicle or change in the way it feels

Discomfort or pain in the testicle

Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

Pain in lower abdomen or back

Excess development of breast tissue

Reduced Sex Drive


Abnormal testicle development

History of testicular cancer

History of undescended testicle

Klinefelter Syndrome

HIV inection


Abdominal and pelvic CT scan, To see tumours in pelvic region, Abdominal CT scan to check if cancer has spread to the lungs, Positive = cancer Negative = no cancer

Blood tests for tumour markers, alpha fetoprotein, AFP is a protein found in the bloodstream of some men with testicular cancer. A blood test can possibly measure the progress of the disease and success of treatment., Higher levels means the further along the cancer is, human chorionic gonadotrophin, Testicular tumors can secrete high levels of HCG, which stimulates breast development. Can be detected by a blood test, High levels means high probability of Cancer, lactic dehydrogenase, An enzyme which is released into the blood stream when cellular damage occurs., High level means possibility of a tumour

Ultrasound of the scrotum, Allows a doctor to see a picture of the testicles looking for tumours

Treatment Options

Surgery, Removes infected testicle and if necessary nearby lymph nodes, Possible Side Effects, Tiredness, Inability to Produce Sperm, Inability to Produce Testosterone, Inability to get an erection

Radiation Therapy, High-dose x-rays used after surgery to prevent the tumour from returning, Possible Side Effects, Fatigue, Diarrhea, Nausea, Vomiting, Skin irritation in affected area

Chemotherapy, Antineoplastic drugs used to kill cancerous cells, Possible Side Effects, Nausea & Vomiting, Hair Loss, Nerve and Muscle Effects, Effects on Sexual Organs and Sexuality, Blood Clotting Problems

The Testes Testis or Testicles

Hormones Invlovled

Regulation, Follicle-Stimulatiing hormone, Luteinizing hormone

Androgens, Steroid hormone, Testosterone, the Hypothalamus produces gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GRH). GRH then travels to pituitary gland, stimulatiing it to realease Follicle-Stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormones (LH). These hormones lead to the production of Testosterone., Androstenedione, Produced in the testes, converted into Testosterone, parent structure to estrone, Androstenediol, regulates the production of gonadotrophin, Androsterone, the product of the breaking down of Androgens, Dihydrotestosterone, more podent than Testosterone, produced in the Adrenal Cortex, the hat organ above the kidneys


Functioning of sperm cells

Promote growth, muscle, bone

maintain male secondary sex characteristics


below/under the male reproductive organ, Penis

contain in the scrotum, below the body, in between the thighs

Effect by hormone

Pubertal, Enlargement of Sebaceous glands, Penis enlargement, Increased Libido, Pubic hair, Facial hair, Chest hair, Leg hair, Axillary hair, Fat in face decreases, Increase muscles strenght and mass, Deeping of the voice, Growth of the Adam's apple, Growth of spermatogenic tissue in testicles,, Growth of facial bone contours, Shoulder become broader, Rib cage expans, Bone maturation, Termination of growth

Adult, Sperm development, Mental and Physical health, Maintian muscles, Libido, Fight-or-flight response, Risk taking, Strength of Immune system

Common diseases/disorders

Testicular Trauma, Trauma to the Testicles

Testicular Torsion, Spermatic cord gets cut

Testicular Cancer, Cancer of the Testicles

Epididymitis, Inflammation of the epididymis

Hypogonadism, Low Testosterone

Klinefelter’s syndrome, extra X chromosome

Undescended testicles, Testicles didn't descended

Hemochromatosis, Too much iron in the blood, may lead to Testicles of Pituitary gland not functioning

Pituitary disorders, Head injury or Pituitary tumor