SOCIOLOGICAL VIEWS OF DELINQUENCY

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SOCIOLOGICAL VIEWS OF DELINQUENCY par Mind Map: SOCIOLOGICAL VIEWS OF DELINQUENCY

1. INFORMAL

1.1. NEIGHBORS

1.2. PARENTS

2. CLIFFORD SHAW AND HENRY McKAY

3. PERCENTAGE OF RACIAL AND ETHNIC MINORITIES LIVING IN POVERTY IS DOUBLE THAT OF EUROPEAN AMERICANS

4. CONSEQUENCES OF RACIAL , SOCIAL, AND ECONOMIC DISPARITY

5. THE MEDIAN FAMILY INCOME OF LATINOS AND AFRICAN AMERICANS ARE TWO-THIRDS THAT OF WHITES

5.1. ECONOMIC STATUS HAS A SIGNIFICANT A LIFESTYLE AND LIFE CHANCES

5.2. MANY URBAN AMERICANS USE THEIR ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, AND POLITICAL ADVANTAGES TO LIVE IN SHELTERED GATED COMMUNITIES PATROLLED BY SECURITY GUARDS

5.3. MOST MINORITIES DO NOT HAVE ACCESS TO SIMILAR PROTECTIONS AND PRIVILEGES

6. RACIAL DISPARITY

7. SOCIAL THEORY OF DELINQUENCY THAT ARE USED ON THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL PROBLEM AND SOCIAL RELATIONS

7.1. SOCIAL STRUCTURE THEORIES HOLD THAT DELINQUENCY IS A FUNCTION OF A PERSON'S PLACE IN THE ECONOMIC STRUCTURE

7.2. SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES VIEW DELINQUENCY AS THE RESULT OF A PERSON'S INTERACTION WITH CRITICAL ELEMENTS OF SOCIALIZATION

7.3. CRITICAL THEORIES CONSIDER DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR TO BE A RESULT OF ECONOMIC DEPRIVATION CAUSED BY THE INEQUITIES OF THE CAPITAL SYSTEM OF PRODUCTION

8. SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION

8.1. THESE CHICAGO- BASED SCHOLARS FOUND THAT DELINQUENCY RATES WERE HIGH IN WHAT THEY CALLED TRANSITIONAL NEIGHBORHOODS.

8.2. WAS FIRST RECOGNIZED EARLY IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

8.3. THE NEIGHBORHOODS HAD CHANGED FROM AFFLUENCE TO DECAY

8.4. TEENAGE GANG DEVELOPED AS A MEAN OF SURVIVAL, DEFENSE AND FRIENDSHIP

9. SOCIAL CONTROL

9.1. CAN COME IN A VARIETY OF FORMS,

9.1.1. FORMAL

9.1.2. POLICE

9.1.3. COURTS

9.1.4. GOVERNMENT AGENCIES

9.2. SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS SUCH AS SCHOOLS AND CHURCHES CAN WORK EFFECTIVELY IN MAINTAINING ORDER

10. CHILDREN WHO LIVE IN DISORGANIZED NEIGHBORHOODS LIVE IN AN ENVIRONMENT ABSENT OF SOCIAL CONTROL

10.1. RELATIVE DEPRIVATION

10.1.1. THE POOR AND THE WEALTHY LIVE CLOSE TOGETHER

10.1.2. KIDS WHO FEEL THEY ARE LESS WELL OFF THAN OTHERS BEGIN TO FORM NEGATIVE SELF FEELINGS

10.1.2.1. HOSTILITY

10.1.2.2. A CONDITION THAT MOTIVATES THEM TO ENGAGE IN DELINQUENT AND SOCIAL BEHAVIORS

10.1.2.2.1. RESEARCHERS SHOW STRONG POSITIVE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN INCOME INEQUALITY

10.1.3. COMMUNITY DETERIORATION

10.1.3.1. HIGH PERCENTAGE OF DESERTED HOUSES

10.1.3.1.1. AND APARTMENTS

10.1.3.2. THE NEIGHBORHOOD IN WHICH RETAIL ESTABLISHMENT GO BANKRUPT, ARE ABANDONED

10.1.3.2.1. HOUSES AND APARTMENTS DETERIORATE PHYSICALLY

10.2. COMMUNITY FEAR

10.2.1. PEOPLE HAVE TO HELP ONE ANOTHER

10.2.2. RESIDENTS ARE LESS LIKELY TO FEAR CRIME

10.2.3. THEY ARE NOT AFRAID OF BECOMING A CRIME VICTIM

10.2.3.1. WHEN PEOPLE FEEL DISTANT FROM ONE ANOTHER AND DISCONNECTED FROM THE COMMUNITY, THEY ARE MORE LIKELY TO VIEW THEIR ENVIRONMENT AS A DANGEROUS PLACE

10.2.3.2. POVERTY CONCENTRATION

10.2.3.2.1. IN FEAR OF TRANSITIONAL NEIGHBORHOOD WHERE RESIDENTS ARE TRYING TO GET OT FAST

10.2.3.2.2. THEY FIND THAT THEIR EXPOSURE TO CRIME AND VIOLENCE IS SIGNIFICANTLY DECREASED