14 Categories of Disability

Click on the legs of each disability to see various accommodations.

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14 Categories of Disability par Mind Map: 14 Categories of Disability

1. Austism Spectrum Disorder

1.1. Autism

1.1.1. Short, simple and direct communication and instructions.

1.1.2. Additional instruction in social, living and behavioral skills.

1.1.3. Consistent and predictable environment

1.1.4. Visual, as well as verbal communication of directions and information.

1.1.5. Communication devices

1.2. Asperger's syndrome

1.2.1. Short, simple and direct communication and instructions.

1.2.2. Additional instruction in social, living and behavioral skills.

1.2.3. Consistent and predictable environment

1.2.4. Visual, as well as verbal communication of directions and information.

1.3. Rett syndrome

1.3.1. Short, simple and direct communication and instructions.

1.3.2. Additional instruction in social, living and behavioral skills.

1.3.3. Consistent and predictable environment

1.3.4. Visual, as well as verbal communication of directions and information.

1.3.5. Communication devices

1.4. Childhood disintegrative disorder

1.4.1. Short, simple and direct communication and instructions.

1.4.2. Additional instruction in social, living and behavioral skills.

1.4.3. Consistent and predictable environment

1.4.4. Visual, as well as verbal communication of directions and information.

1.4.5. Communication devices

1.5. Pervasive developmental disorder

1.5.1. Short, simple and direct communication and instructions.

1.5.2. Additional instruction in social, living and behavioral skills.

1.5.3. Consistent and predictable environment

1.5.4. Visual, as well as verbal communication of directions and information.

1.5.5. Communication devices

2. Deaf-blindness

2.1. Small-group or individual instruction

2.2. Have balanced interactions (my turn, your turn)

2.3. Development of communication strategies

2.4. Modify curriculum to be functional for student and their learning speed.

3. Deafness

3.1. amplification system

3.2. Interpreter

3.3. Preferential seating to enable lip-reading

3.4. Alternate communication methods, e.g. sign language

3.5. Closed-captioning

4. Emotional Disturbance

4.1. Extended time of tasks and tests

4.2. Break down task into smaller units

4.3. Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP)

5. Hearing impairment

5.1. Personal hearing device (hearing aid, cochlear implant, tactile device)

5.2. Specialized seating arrangements

5.3. Flashing fire alarm

5.4. Captioning or scripts for announcements, television, videos, or movies

5.5. Pre-tutor vocabulary

6. Multiple disabilities

7. Orthopedic impairment

7.1. Neuromotor impairments

7.1.1. Fine and gross motor skills instruction and support

7.1.2. Augmentative communication and assistive devices

7.1.3. Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, Speech-Language pathologist

7.2. Degenerative diseases

7.2.1. Fine and gross motor skills instruction and support

7.2.2. Augmentative communication and assistive devices

7.2.3. Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, Speech-Language pathologist

7.3. Musculoscelative disorders

7.3.1. Fine and gross motor skills instruction and support

7.3.2. Augmentative communication and assistive devices

7.3.3. Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, Speech-Language pathologist

8. Other health impairment

9. Specific learning disability

9.1. Break tasks into smaller steps

9.2. Extended times for tests and assignments

9.3. Use of audiobooks to replace reading materials

9.4. Use of computer software to spell and grammar check

9.5. Give directions verbally as well as in writing

10. Speech and language impairment

10.1. Speech impairment

10.1.1. Fluency

10.1.1.1. Assistive technology - electronic communication system

10.1.1.2. Allow students extra time to express themselves

10.1.1.3. Speech and language pathology services

10.1.1.4. mnemonic devices

10.1.1.5. Do not call on in class

10.1.2. Articulation

10.1.2.1. Assistive technology - electronic communication system

10.1.2.2. Allow students extra time to express themselves

10.1.2.3. Speech and language pathology services

10.1.2.4. mnemonic devices

10.1.2.5. Do not call on in class

10.1.3. Voice

10.1.3.1. Assistive technology - electronic communication system

10.1.3.2. Allow students extra time to express themselves

10.1.3.3. Speech and language pathology services

10.1.3.4. mnemonic devices

10.1.3.5. Do not call on in class

10.2. Language impairment

10.2.1. Assistive technology - electronic communication system

10.2.2. Allow students extra time to express themselves

10.2.3. Speech and language pathology services

10.2.4. mnemonic devices

11. Traumatic brain injury

11.1. Extended time of work and tests

11.2. Model tasks and activities

11.3. Use daily assignment-book or schedule

11.4. Allow more breaks to rest

11.5. Break down directions into multiple, small steps

12. Visual impairment including blindness

12.1. Read documents using Braille

12.2. Use of audiobooks

12.3. Lighting

12.3.1. Well lit room

12.3.2. Position lights directly above task

12.4. Large print

13. Intellectual disability

13.1. Teach life and social skills

13.2. Break down instructions into smaller steps

13.3. Transition planning for post school life

13.4. Model activities and expectations

14. Specific learning disability

14.1. Use of audiobooks

14.2. Reading of test questions

14.3. Extended time on tests and assignments

14.4. Use of calculator