Art History

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Art History par Mind Map: Art History

1. can refer to realism of subject, or realism in technique, or both

2. Portraiture early-mid 1600's

2.1. a series was made to fill the Luxembourg Palace

2.1.1. Peter Paul Rubens "Arrival of Marie de Medici at Marseilles", 1622-1625

2.1.2. "Henry IV Receives Marie's Portrait" not realistic to life

2.1.3. "Apotheosis of Henry IV and Assumption of the Regency"

2.2. Anthony Van Dyck

2.2.1. Charles I Dismounted, ca. 1635

2.3. Frans Hals

2.3.1. "Archers of Saint Hadrian", ca. 1633

2.3.2. specialized in group portraits

2.3.3. Civic Militia Group

2.3.4. "The Women Regents of the Old Men's Home at Haarlem", 1664 Calvinist-members of strict protestant group

2.3.5. "Regents of the Old Men's Home"

2.4. Rembrandt Van Rijn

2.4.1. "The Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq (Night Watch)", 1642 civic militia

2.4.2. "Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp", 1632 very fictionalized

2.4.3. Self Portrait several of them-over 50

3. Rococo 18th century

3.1. derived from garden term-Rocaille: rocks and pebbles in garden design

3.2. origins in France-anticipation from Louis XIV's death

3.3. lighter, softer, more pastel color in the style in general

3.4. Germain Boffrand

3.4.1. Salon de la Princesse, with painting by Natoire and sculpture by Lemoine, Hotel de Soubise, Paris, France, 1737-1740

3.5. Francois de Cuvillies

3.5.1. Amalianburg Palaces Nymphenburg, Munich, 1734-1739

3.6. Antoine Watteu

3.6.1. "Return from Cythera" 1717-1719 fete galante

3.7. Franois Boucher

3.7.1. "Cupid a Captive" 1754 Madame de Pompadour

3.8. Jean Honore Fragonard

3.8.1. "The Swing" 1766

3.9. William Hogarth

3.9.1. "Breakfast Scene", from Marriage a la Mode, ca. 1745 mocked the rococo style

4. Romanticism late 18th-mid 19th century

4.1. Henry Fuseli

4.1.1. "The Nightmare", 1781 Edmund Burke The Sublime things that inspire fear or terror in us, penetrating the body through the eyes

4.2. William Blake

4.2.1. "Ancient of Days" frontispiece of "Europe: A Prophecy", 1794

4.3. Francisco Goya

4.3.1. "The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters" from Los Caprichos, ca. 1798

4.3.2. "The Family of Charles IV", 1800

4.3.3. "The Third of May 1808", 1814

4.4. Antoine-Jean Gros

4.4.1. "Napoleon at the Pesthouse of Jaffa", 1804 at what was basically a hospital

4.5. Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

4.5.1. "Grande Odalisque", 1814 orientalism Harem

4.6. Raphael

4.6.1. "La Fornarina" 1518-1519

4.7. Theodore Gericault

4.7.1. "Raft of the Medusa" 1818-1819 very large painting

4.8. Eugene Delacroix

4.8.1. "Death of Sardanapalus", 1826

4.8.2. "Liberty Leading the People", 1830 July Revolution Louis-Philippe wearing a Phrygian hat-symbol of freedom

4.9. Caspar David Friedrich

4.9.1. "Abbey in the Oak Forest", 1810 sublime- cemetery, dead trees, abandoned Abbey

4.10. John Constable

4.10.1. "The Haywain", 1821 Picturesque stour

4.11. Joseph Mallord William Turner

4.11.1. "The Slave Ship (Slaves Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On)", 1840 sublime as it relates to nature referring to actual events very bright colors, and very dark colors

4.12. Albert Bierstadt

4.12.1. "Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California", 1868 he attended Hudson River School Manifest Destiny Painting of Yosemite Valley

5. Realism 1850-1910

5.1. Gustave Courbet

5.1.1. "The Stone Breakers", 1849 positivism- through knowledge of how you percieve the world Auguste Comte Revolution of 1848 (does not represent the gold rush. they are just breaking rocks for work.

5.1.2. "Burial at Ornans", 1849 not very dramatic death is a hole in the ground for most people there, it is just routine empty grave hole is in the bottom center

5.2. Jean Francois Millet

5.2.1. "The Gleaners", 1857 Barbizon school

5.3. Daumier

5.3.1. "The Past, the Present, and the Future", 1834 political cartoon government was not a fan of him/his work

5.3.2. "Rue Transnonain", 1834 lithograph the king had all copies destroyed shows aftermath of a government raid

5.3.3. "The Third Class Carriage", 1862 railway carriage

5.4. John Everett Millais

5.4.1. "Ophelia", 1852 pre-raphaelite brotherhood emphasis on theoretical or literary contexts nature should be source of art Elizabeth Siddal 3 different versions of Ophelia were in the same show. his was different though, emphasis on nature along with Ophelia. the plant life was not idealized, was reproduced from a real scene as precisely as posible

5.5. Charles Locke Eastlake

5.5.1. "The Escape of Francis Novello" same time period as Millais, but much different in style

5.6. Winslow Homer

5.6.1. "The Veteran in a New Field", 1865

5.7. Jean-Leon Gerome

5.7.1. "The Turkish Bath"

5.8. Thomas Eakins

5.8.1. "The Gross Clinic", 1875 Jefferson Medical College Centennial Exposition "too graphic" to be included in an art gallery. put in a room displaying medical supplies

5.9. John Singer Seargent

5.9.1. "The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit", 1882

5.10. Henry Ossawa Tanner

5.10.1. "The Thankful Poor", 1894

6. Photography 1830's to now

6.1. Daguerrotypes

6.1.1. "Landscape Near Troyes", Alexandre Clausel, 1855

6.1.2. "Unknown Bride", Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Howes, 1855

6.1.3. Louis Daguerre

6.1.4. Joseph Nicephore Niepce

6.1.5. silver iodine and sodium thiosulfate

6.2. Calotypes

6.2.1. "Redding the Line" (Portrait of James Linton), Hill and Adamson, 1851

6.2.2. Wliliam Henry Fox-Talbot

6.2.3. hyposulfate of soda

6.3. Oscar Rejlander

6.3.1. "The Two Ways of Life", 1857 photomontage

6.4. Louis-Jacques_Mande Daguerre

6.4.1. "Still Life in Studio", 1837 daguerrotype

6.5. Eugene Durieu and Eugene Delacroix

6.5.1. "Draped Model (back view)", 1854 Albumen Print wet collodion process

6.6. Nadar

6.6.1. "Aerial Photo of Paris" 1858 Sarah Bernhardt Eugene Delacroix, 1855

6.7. Henri Le Secq

6.7.1. "Reims Cathedral", 1851 calotype

6.8. Francis Frith

6.8.1. "Approach to Philae", 1858 albumen print

6.9. Timothy O'Sullivan

6.9.1. A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg Pennsylvania, July 1863

6.10. Edward Muybridge

6.10.1. "Horse Galloping", 1878 callotype print "Animal Locomotion", 1887 zoopraxiscope

6.11. Julia Margaret Cameron

6.11.1. "Ophelia", Study no. 2, 1867 albumen print

6.12. Gertrude Kasebier

6.12.1. "Blessed Art Thou Among Women", 1899 platinum print on Japanese tissue pictorialist

6.13. Alvin Langdon Coburn

6.13.1. "The Octopus", 1913 platinum print

7. Manet, Impressionism, and Aesthetisism mid to late 19th century

7.1. Baron Georges Hausmann

7.1.1. redesigned much of Paris

7.2. Haussmannization

7.3. Charles Marville

7.3.1. Photographed some of the changes in Paris

7.4. J.L Charles Garnier

7.4.1. The Opera, Paris France, 1861-1874 Beaux Arts Inspired by studies of the Louvre building itself has different rooflines, to distinguish between sections

7.5. Edouard Manet

7.5.1. Le Dejeuner sur l'herbe (luncheon on the grass) 1863 Charles Baudelaire Salon des Refuses (Reject Salon flaneur (men of leisure, upper class) Victorine Meurend "real" looking women and men, unlike a painting by Titian (allegorical

7.5.2. "Olympia", 1863 very controversial to critics description submitted with painting is a very poetic analysis not very socially acceptable

7.6. Impressionism

7.6.1. Renoir and Monet La Grenouillere, Argenteuil, 1869 plein aire-outdoors

7.6.2. Claude Monet "Impression: Sunrise", 1872 Le Havre "Saint-Lazare Train Station", 1877 "Roven Cathedral: The Portal (in Sun)", 1894

7.6.3. Gustave Caillebotte "Paris: A Rainy Day", 1877

7.6.4. Edgar Degas "Ballet Rehearsal", 1874

7.6.5. Edward Manet "A Bar at the Folies-Bergere", 1882 cafe-concert

7.6.6. James Abbott McNeill Whistler Nocturne in Black and Gold (The Falling Rocket)", 1875 Aesthetic Movement

7.7. Aestheticism

7.7.1. Frederic, Lord Leighton "Flaming June", 1895

7.7.2. Sir Lawrence Alma Ta

7.8. Post Impressionism

7.8.1. Henri De Toulouse-Lautrec "At the Moulin Rouge", 1892-1895

7.8.2. Georges Seurat "A Sunday on La Grande Jatte", 1884-1886 pointilism

7.8.3. Vincent Van Gogh "Potato Eaters", 1885 "Boulevard de Clichy", 1887 "The Night Cafe", 1888 absinthe "Starry Night", 1889 Saint-Paule-de-Mausole

8. impressionists focus on light and color