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Rocket clouds

1. Secession of Wien

1.1. Secession of Munich

1.2. the antinaturalism of Nabis

2. First breaks with the Academy ? Anti-academism NOT avant-garde (Tommaso Minardi self-portrait 1807)

2.1. Impressionists

2.1.1. radical anti-academics: Gauguin Van Gogh Touluose Lautrec Cezanne (post impressionism Pointillisme)

2.2. Scapigliatura

2.3. Secessionismo in visual Art

2.4. Secession Berlin

3. Avant-garde

3.1. Changes into the historical time-line

4. Academy

5. Organic intellectual

6. Tradition

7. Mannerism as an anti-academic tendency and an unaware fracture with the tradition

8. After the First World War the first avant-garde movements appear: the Expressionism, the Suprematism, the Cubism, the Dadaism, the Futurism, the Surrealism and the Abstract expressionism. They are also called historical avant-garde movements.