BUILDING SCIENCE

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BUILDING SCIENCE por Mind Map: BUILDING SCIENCE

1. FINANCIAL LITERACY

1.1. 25. Personal Budget

1.1.1. Long-term Financial Goals

1.1.1.1. Saving & Spending

1.1.1.1.1. Emergency Fund

1.1.1.1.2. Retirement

1.1.1.1.3. Investing

1.1.1.1.4. 529 Plans

1.1.2. Debt

1.1.2.1. Credit cards

1.1.2.2. Loans

1.1.2.3. Debt Management

1.1.2.4. Identity Theft

1.1.2.5. Credit Reports

1.1.2.6. Consumer Protection Laws

1.1.3. Renting/Owning

1.1.3.1. Pros/cons of each

1.1.4. Taxes

1.1.4.1. Jurisdictions

1.1.4.1.1. Federal

1.1.4.1.2. State

1.1.4.1.3. Local

1.1.4.2. Types

1.1.4.2.1. Income

1.1.4.2.2. Employment

1.1.4.2.3. Sales

1.1.5. Insurance

1.1.5.1. Types

1.1.5.1.1. Health

1.1.5.1.2. Life

1.1.5.1.3. Home/Renters'

1.1.5.1.4. Auto

1.1.5.1.5. Business

1.1.5.2. Coverage

1.1.5.2.1. Premiums

1.1.5.3. Liability

1.1.5.3.1. Deductible

1.1.5.4. Claims

2. POST-SECONDARY PATHWAYS

2.1. 12. Self-discovery/Career

2.1.1. Skills + Passions =

2.1.1.1. Career Cluster Exploration

2.1.1.1.1. Labor Market Data

2.1.1.1.2. Networking

2.1.1.1.3. 5-step Problem-solving Model

2.1.1.1.4. Internships, part-time jobs & volunteering

2.1.1.1.5. Résumé

2.1.1.1.6. Cover Letter

2.1.1.1.7. Interviewing

2.1.1.1.8. Portfolio

2.1.1.2. Top 10 Professional Skills wanted by Employers

2.1.1.2.1. Oral and written communication

2.1.1.2.2. Organization of physical and digital workspace

2.1.1.2.3. Customer service

2.1.1.2.4. Basic computer skills (spreadsheets, typing, finding resources)

2.1.1.2.5. Working independently with minimal supervision

2.1.1.2.6. Problem solving

2.1.1.2.7. Planning and time management

2.1.1.2.8. Research

2.1.1.2.9. Collaborating with teammates

2.1.1.2.10. Adaptability

2.1.2. Personal goals/road map to success

2.1.2.1. SMART Goals

2.1.2.2. Short-, mid- & long-term goals

2.2. 13. College/Trade School

2.2.1. Application Process

2.2.1.1. Choosing schools

2.2.1.2. Personal statement

2.2.1.3. Portfolio

2.2.1.4. Testing

2.2.2. Financial Aid

2.2.2.1. Loans

2.2.2.2. Scholarships

2.2.2.3. Grants

2.2.3. College Life

2.2.3.1. Choosing a major

2.2.3.2. Academics

2.2.3.3. Extracurricular activities

2.2.3.4. Living arrangements

2.2.3.5. Employment

3. TESTING & CERTIFICATION

3.1. 24. Auditing, Commissioning & Retrofitting

3.1.1. Energy Audits

3.1.1.1. Diagnostics and forensics

3.1.1.1.1. Hygrothermal Analysis

3.1.1.1.2. Blower Door Test

3.1.1.2. Weatherization & Retrofits

3.1.2. Commissioning

3.1.2.1. Purpose

3.1.2.2. Systems testing

3.1.2.3. Preventive and predictive maintenance plans

3.1.2.4. Tailored operating manuals

3.1.2.5. Tailored training procedures

3.1.3. Retro-commissioning

3.1.3.1. Retrofits

3.1.4. Monitoring-Based Commissioning

3.1.4.1. Methods

4. CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

4.1. 7. OSHA Regulations

4.1.1. Construction Hazards

4.1.1.1. Electrical shock

4.1.1.2. Fire

4.1.1.3. "Struck-by", "caught-in" & "caught-between"

4.1.1.4. Concrete & masonry hazards

4.1.1.5. Steel erection hazards

4.1.2. PPE

4.1.2.1. Noise

4.1.2.2. Airborne contaminants

4.1.2.3. Other hazards

4.1.3. Ladders & Scaffolds

4.1.3.1. Fall protection

4.1.3.2. Ladder selection, inspection & maintenance

4.1.3.3. Proper scaffold erection & training

4.1.4. Tools

4.1.4.1. Hand & power tool safety

4.1.4.2. Welding & cutting safety

5. THE ENCLOSURE

5.1. 14. Laws of Thermodynamics

5.1.1. Heat Transfer

5.1.1.1. Conduction

5.1.1.2. Convection

5.1.1.3. Radiation

5.1.2. Heat Gain/Loss

5.1.2.1. Trouble spots

5.2. 15. Airflow

5.2.1. Convective air transport

5.2.1.1. Pressure differences

5.2.1.1.1. Stack Effect

5.2.1.1.2. Wind Effect

5.2.1.1.3. Mechanical Effect

5.2.2. Tight Buildings

5.2.2.1. Airflow calculations (CFM)

5.2.2.2. Air exchange rate (ACH)

5.2.2.3. Adequate ventilation

5.3. 16. Moisture Transport

5.3.1. Temperature, humidity & condensation

5.3.1.1. Effects on moisture

5.3.2. Types

5.3.2.1. Bulk Moisture

5.3.2.2. Capillary Action

5.3.2.3. Air-Transported Moisture

5.3.2.4. Vapor Diffusion

5.3.3. Controlling moisture

5.3.3.1. Identifying trouble spots

5.3.3.2. Proper detailing

5.3.3.3. Retrofitting

5.4. 17. Occupant Comfort

5.4.1. Thermal Comfort

5.4.1.1. 6 Components

5.4.2. IEQ

5.4.2.1. IEQ Factors

5.4.2.2. Sources/Causes

5.4.2.2.1. Solutions

5.5. 18. Hierarchy of Control Layers

5.5.1. Rain Control

5.5.1.1. Materials & Methods

5.5.2. Air Control

5.5.2.1. Materials & Methods

5.5.3. Vapor Control

5.5.3.1. Materials & Methods

5.5.3.1.1. Vapor barrier issues

5.5.4. Thermal Control

5.5.4.1. Materials & Methods

5.5.4.1.1. R-value

5.5.4.1.2. Insulation types

5.5.5. Solar gain control

5.5.5.1. Materials & Methods

5.6. 19. High-performance windows

5.6.1. Characteristics

5.6.1.1. R-value

5.6.1.2. Thermal breaks

5.6.1.3. # of panes

5.6.1.4. Low-E

5.6.1.5. Cost

5.7. 20. HVAC Systems

5.7.1. The Refrigeration Cycle

5.7.1.1. Refrigerant

5.7.1.1.1. CFCs

5.7.1.2. Evaporator

5.7.1.3. Compressor

5.7.1.4. Condenser

5.7.1.5. Expansion Valve

5.7.2. Systems

5.7.2.1. Heating/Cooling

5.7.2.1.1. All-air Systems

5.7.2.1.2. Air-water Systems

5.7.2.1.3. Hydronic systems

5.7.2.1.4. Steam systems

5.7.2.2. Ventilation

5.7.2.2.1. Mechanical

5.7.2.3. Distribution

5.7.2.3.1. Terminal units

5.7.2.3.2. Ductwork

5.7.2.3.3. Piping

5.7.2.4. "Green" HVAC Systems

5.7.3. Controls & Testing

5.7.3.1. Control equipment wiring

5.7.3.2. Testing

5.7.3.3. Adjusting

5.7.3.4. Balancing

5.7.4. Air & Duct Sealing

5.7.4.1. Identifying trouble spots

5.7.4.2. Sealing methods

5.7.5. "Green" HVAC Systems/Equipment

5.7.5.1. Codes/Standards

5.7.5.2. Certification/Rating Programs

5.7.5.2.1. LEED

5.7.5.2.2. Others

5.7.6. Maintenance

5.7.6.1. Control settings

5.7.6.2. Electrical connections

5.7.6.3. Inspection of parts

5.7.6.4. Cleaning

5.7.6.5. Refrigerant

5.8. 21. Plumbing Systems

5.8.1. DWV

5.8.1.1. Fixtures

5.8.1.2. Gravity-driven

5.8.1.3. Pressure

5.8.1.4. Proper venting

5.8.1.5. Traps

5.8.1.5.1. Sewer gases

5.8.1.6. Pipe & Fittings

5.8.2. "Green" Plumbing Systems/Equipment

5.8.2.1. Codes/Standards

5.8.2.2. Certification/Rating Programs

5.8.2.2.1. LEED

5.8.2.2.2. Others

5.8.3. Maintenance

5.8.3.1. Leaks

5.8.3.2. Corrosion

5.8.3.3. Water Pressure

5.8.3.4. Valves

5.8.3.5. Water Heaters

5.8.3.6. Drains

5.8.3.7. Backflow testing

5.9. 22. Electrical Systems

5.9.1. Electrical Distribution

5.9.1.1. Components

5.9.1.1.1. Grounding requirements

5.9.2. "Green" Electrical Systems/Equipment

5.9.2.1. Codes/Standards

5.9.2.2. Certification/Rating Programs

5.9.2.2.1. LEED

5.9.2.2.2. Others

5.9.2.3. Loads

5.9.2.3.1. "Phantom" Voltage

5.9.3. Lighting

5.9.3.1. Incandescent/Fluorescent/LEDs

6. INTEGRATION OF THE WHOLE BUILDING SYSTEM

6.1. 8. Building Techniques

6.1.1. Building Geometry

6.1.1.1. Design to resist loads, natural disasters, and man-made disasters

6.1.2. Structural Systems

6.1.2.1. Advanced Wood Framing

6.1.2.2. Structural Steel

6.1.2.3. Reinforced Concrete

6.2. 9. Material Selection

6.2.1. Human & Environmental Health

6.2.1.1. IAQ

6.2.1.2. Toxicity

6.2.1.3. Chemical leaching

6.2.2. Functionality

6.2.2.1. Thermal mass

6.2.2.2. Moisture resistance

6.2.2.3. Durability

6.2.3. Cost

6.2.3.1. Value Engineering

6.2.4. Life Cycle Analysis

6.2.4.1. Embodied Energy

6.2.4.2. Cash flow

6.2.4.3. Impacts

6.2.4.4. Interpreting results to affect change

6.3. 10. Integrated Design/Construction

6.3.1. Integrated building/site

6.3.1.1. Response to context

6.3.1.2. Response to topography

6.3.1.3. Response to pedestrian/vehicular circulation

6.3.1.4. Response to utilities/infrastructure

6.3.1.5. Response to climate

6.3.1.6. Passive solar

6.3.1.7. Net-zero

6.3.2. Integrated structure/framing

6.3.2.1. Layout

6.3.2.2. Floor

6.3.2.3. Roof

6.3.3. Integrated light/day-lighting/envelope

6.3.3.1. Passive/active ventilation

6.3.4. Integrated MEP

6.3.4.1. HVAC

6.3.4.2. Electrical

6.3.4.3. Plumbing

6.3.4.4. Building Enclosure

6.3.5. Building Energy Modeling

6.3.5.1. Software

6.3.5.2. Uses & Goals

6.3.6. Building Automation Systems

6.3.6.1. HVAC

6.3.6.2. Lighting

6.3.6.3. Fire suppression

6.4. 11. Quality Management

6.4.1. Team roles

6.4.1.1. Architect

6.4.1.2. Construction Manager

6.4.2. Coordination Meetings

6.4.2.1. Constructability review of the Building Envelope

6.4.2.2. Identify discontinuities in the Building Envelope

6.4.2.3. Coordination of the construction process

7. OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE

7.1. 23. MEP Operations

7.1.1. Tenant habits/behavior

7.1.1.1. Tenant control of HVAC and windows

7.1.1.2. Landlord education of tenants

7.1.1.3. Energy/water conservation

7.1.2. User controls

7.1.2.1. Thermostats

7.1.2.2. Automated controls

7.1.3. Efficiency

7.1.3.1. Strategies

7.1.4. Maintenance

7.1.4.1. Routine equipment maintenance

7.1.5. Troubleshooting & Repairs

7.1.5.1. Basic techniques

7.1.6. Appropriate replacements

7.1.6.1. Cost

7.1.6.1.1. Financial

7.1.6.1.2. Environmental

8. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

8.1. 1. Fundamental Environmental Issues

8.1.1. Triple Bottom Line

8.1.2. Natural Resource Extraction

8.1.2.1. Pollution

8.1.2.1.1. Climate Change

8.1.3. Ecosystem Degradation

8.1.3.1. Biodiversity

8.2. 2. Water

8.2.1. Potable Water Shortage

8.2.1.1. Water Conservation

8.2.2. Wastewater Management

8.3. 3 Energy

8.3.1. Fossil Fuels

8.3.1.1. Energy Conservation

8.3.1.1.1. Renewables

8.4. 4. Urban Planning, Transportation & Infrastructure

8.4.1. Land Use Planning

8.4.1.1. Suburban Sprawl

8.4.2. Transportation Modes & Systems

8.4.2.1. Fuels

8.4.2.1.1. Emissions

8.5. 5. Waste Management

8.5.1. The Waste Stream

8.5.2. Consumerism

8.5.3. Life Cycle Analysis

8.5.3.1. Cradle-to-Cradle

8.6. 6. Health, Food & Agriculture

8.6.1. Food Systems

8.6.1.1. Food Deserts

8.6.1.2. Prosessed Foods

8.6.2. Agricultural Practices

8.6.2.1. Industrial Farming

8.6.2.1.1. CAFOs

8.6.2.1.2. GMOs

8.6.2.2. Organic Farming

8.6.2.3. Permaculture

8.6.2.4. Urban Agriculture