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British conflict and Change by Mind Map: British conflict and Change
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British conflict and Change


William Lyon Mackenzie

Who, Born in Scotland (1798-1861), Came to Upper Canada in 1820, A printer by trade

Life, Elected to Legislative assembly in 1828, Was expelled form legislative assembly in 1831 for publishing libels., Re-elected for assembly four times

What he did, He led a illegal rebellion against the crown, Was one of the brave people to stand up to0 the government, Wanted a revolution against the government

Lord Durham

Who, Arrived in Quebec City to carry out two tasks, To find out why there were Rebellions in Lower and Upper Canada, To make a report of recommendations to prevent more violence, 46 years old when assigned with tasks, Spoke French and English fluently

Life, N/A

What he did, Made a report for the Government recommending solutions to prevent violence, Focused on what the Reformers wanted

Sir Francis Bond Head

Who, Soldier in British army, From 1793-1875, Spent years working in South America as a engineer

Life, Promoted to lieutenant-governor in 1835, First supported to Reforms but then went against them, Legislative assembly passed a resolution criticizing Bond Head's Behavior

What he did, Interfered with the Elections so the Tories won, Made the Reformer's lose heart and give up, Resisted the Reformers a lot

Louis-Joseph Papineau

Who, Born in Montreal (1786-1871), One of Lower Canada's privileged people, Became interested in politics and was elected into the legislative assembly in 1809

Life, Supported Reform, His supporters were called patriotes, Tried to persuade British government to reform Lower Canada

What he did, Was the voice of moderated reform in 1830s, Tried to achieve reform through peaceful means, Published Papineau's 92 Resolutions


Rebellion of 1837 in Lower Canada

Battle of Saint-Denis and Saint-Charles, What is this, Armed Patriotes captured a seigneurs manor, Battle at Saint-Denis and Charles, Happened at late November in 1837, Who was involved, Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Gore, Patriotes, Effect/What happened, The army of Francis Gore defeated about 100 rebels, The battle demonstrated the determination of the British government to stop the rebels, Rebels claimed victory and then they lost

Battle of Saint-Eustache, What is this, A battle at Saint-Eustache, In mid December in 1837, Patriotes defending a camp, Who was involved, Sir John Colborne, Patriotes, Effect/What happened, About 100 rebels killed, Colborne led 1200 armed troops to attack, battle proved that the rebels needed much more power to win

Rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada

What is this, William Lyon Mackenzie organized a large group of rebels to attack Upper Canada, In early December in 1837, Rebels gathered at Montgomery's Tavern

Who was involved, William Lyon Mackenzie, Rebels, British soldiers

Effect/What happened, Mackenzie and his rebels were defeated badly, Mackenzie then retreated to United States and then went back to Toronto to resume his normal life, He was luckier than Samuel Lount and Peter Mathews who were hanged as traitors

Hunters' Lodges

What is this, Americans joined the Patriote rebels hoping to defeat the British, The rebels went to the United States to prepare invasions, About 40000-60000 rebels

Who was involved, Patriotes, The Hunters' Lodges were the rebels in Upper Canada, The Freres Chasseurs were the rebels in Lower Canada

Effect/What happened, Many invasions happened, Rebels defeated at Windsor, Prescott, Napierville, Lacolle and Odelltown.


What is this, A battle between a responsible government or the original one, Durham and Reformers wanted it

Who was involved, Lord Durham, British Government, Canadas

Effect/What happened, The responsible government was so far not granted, Reformers and Durham did not get what they wanted


Union Act

What is this, A response to Lord Durham's report, Passed in 1840 and came to effect in 1841, The Act changed things to prevent violence

Who was involved, Lord Durham, British government, The French

Effect/What happened, Canada's were renamed Canada West and East, There would be equal representation for each province, The government did not change

Papineau's 92 Resolutions

What is this, 92 complaints to the British government, Happened in 1834, Key issues were, Who chooses the members of the legislative council?, Who controls the executive council?, What should happen to the seignurial system, Who controls the takes of lower Canada

Who was involved, Louis-Joseph Papineau, Lord John Russel, British government

Effect/What happened, The Russel resolutions was the response to this, Happened in 1837, The Russel resolutions answered back but did not give much, Nothing really happened to the government


What is this, A fight a bout representation of Lower and Upper Canada, There was either equal representation of representation by population, Lower Canada had a bigger population but there were more English than French

Who was involved, Lord Durham, Upper Canada, Lower Canada

Effect/What happened, Equal representation was granted, Lord Durham wanted representation by population, Each Canada got 65 representatives

Should the Government make Major or Minor Changes?

What is this, Government had to decide whether to make major or minor changes to their system, The Radicals wanted major changes, They wanted to vote everyone in, instead of people appointing the positions, They wanted to abolish the lieutenant-governor, executive council and legislative council positions, The Reformers wanted minor changes, They wanted a responsible government, There small changes that gave the legislative assembly more power

Who was involved, Robert Baldwin, Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, Radicals, Reformers, British government

Effect/What happened, The government still had to decide what to do, The British wanted to please both sides somehow

Joining the Canadas

What is this, A decision whether to rename the Canadas, Durham thought that Lower Canada was lagging in canal systems, so joining the Canadas would speed it up

Who was involved, Lord Durham, British government, Upper Canada, Lower Canada

Effect/What happened, Upper Canada and Lower Canada were renamed Canada West and East, New Capital City would be Kingston, Canada West, They would have one Legislature to make laws for both

Should the Government Reduce influence of Canadiens?

What is this, The English wanted more power from the British government, Canadiens out numbered the English, so the English wanted more power, The power the English wanted was to change the law in their favor

Who was involved, French, English, British government

Effect/What happened, The British could not please both sides at the same time, they could only please one, Later on, Durham wanted to assimilate the French, Lord Durham wrote a report about this situation

Responsible Government

What is this, Lord Durham wanted a responsible government, The Reformers also wanted a responsible government

Who was involved, Lord Durham, British government, Reformers

Effect/What happened, Later on, the British government did not grant a responsible government