06/20 - Writing a Research Proposal

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06/20 - Writing a Research Proposal by Mind Map: 06/20 - Writing a Research Proposal

1. Research Proposal

1.1. Why

1.1.1. A formal step in the research process

1.1.2. To define, refine and focus your research ideas

1.1.3. Shows links between previous research

1.1.4. Best ways to research the problem

1.2. Education is a social science

2. Whats in a Proposal

2.1. Introduction to the Research Question

2.1.1. The introduction to the research question sets the scene and provides background on the topic What is the broad area of inquiry What aspects do you want to know/find out What experience or general sources have informed your interests in this area What specific question you want to investigate in the study

2.2. Overview of Relevant Literature

2.2.1. Summarises key publications

2.2.2. Critically analyse previous studies

2.2.3. Summarise the implications of previous studies

2.2.4. Relate previous studies to the present study

2.2.5. Consider the theoretical perspectives and research methods that have been used in previous studies

2.2.6. Takes up about 1/2 of the proposal For every 10% should be 5 articles 10- 100 articles

2.2.7. Sources Books Journals Individual experts Peer Review

2.3. Explanation of choice of Paradigm

2.3.1. Discuss the researchers 'worldview' that informs how they collect, interpret and report data Paradigms reflects the researchers belief about Truth Reality Knowledge

2.3.2. Some Paradigms in Educational research Positivist Constructivist Interpretive Critical Marxist emancipatory Feminist-post structural

2.4. Explanation of Choice of Methodology and research methods

2.4.1. Methodology The underlying theories that inform the research The philosophical assumptions that underlie the study Phenomenology Postivism

2.4.2. Method refers to: Details a given process or procedure for carrying out the research eg. Case study Grounded research Ethnography Action research arts-informed narrative

2.5. Explanation of general research design

2.5.1. Research Design should include: Description of participants Data collection procedures Reliability, validity and trustworthiness How data will be analysed and reported

2.6. Description of participants

2.6.1. Who Description Quantitative studies will talk about a population Sources of information Documents films Pictures Artefacts

2.6.2. How How will you select and recruit participants

2.6.3. Ethics what ethical considerations will you need to take into account

2.6.4. Will only have 1-2 different interviews 1 hour of interview takes 6 hours to transcribe

2.7. Planned Data Collection Procedure

2.7.1. What data could you collect to answer your research questions

2.7.2. To think about: Procedure to collect data The researchers role in the research Timeline for data collection

2.7.3. Data Collection Interviews and focus groups What is the participants experience What meanings lie behind observed behaviours or evidence Information provided directly from participants Structured Observations Anecdotal Event sequenced Time sequenced Documents Policies Lesson units Photos, artworks, drawings, films Letters, newspapers archival documents Field Notes Journals Reflections Interviewing Ethics and informed consent Researcher effect Participant effect

2.7.4. Reliability, validity and trustworthiness Bias Surveys

2.8. Outline of Data analysis and reporting

2.8.1. How will you analyse the data Theory-led, data-led Discourse analysis, semiotic analysis, visual analysis Categorising, coding, memoing, journalling

2.8.2. How will you report the data Commonalities Differences/extremes Links to key literature and prior research