Alcohol Use

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Alcohol Use by Mind Map: Alcohol Use

1. Binge Drinking

1.1. Short Term Health issues

1.1.1. 4/10 This is only a 4/10 as they will most likely not affect you in the long term but will be uncomfortable and unwanted. However these short time issues can fast track quickly into a code red if the injury is serious resulting in hospitalisation making it a long term health issue.

1.1.2. Consequences Falling over from dizziness causing cuts and bruises These can range from severe to minor but will cause discomfort either way Could result in hospitalisation if the offender hits their head, the cut is deep etc. The cuts and bruises could be minor and only last a few days. Vomiting Binge drinking induces vomiting which is bad for your digestive system and nutritional health but if this is not a regular occurrence it will not effect you long term.

1.1.3. Influences individual factors knowledge attitudes skills environmental factors access to health services economic factors Education

1.2. Long Term Health issues

1.2.1. 8/10 This is an 8/10 risk as the health issues will decrease your quality of life and wellbeing drastically as well as possibly being fatal.

1.2.2. Consequences Using alcohol comes with the risk of having long term health issues such as cancer, liver disease, cardiovascular disease, stroke, addiction and dependence as well as mental health problems Addiction and Dependence can create family problems as you would not be able to maintain stable relationships. It would also be expensive and the person effected may not be able to hold a job causing economic stress. Battling diseases such as cancer and liver disease can also be an economic stress as well as emotional stress on the family around the patient as there is a high chance of the disease being terminal. Mental health is a battle that many struggle with and the use of alcohol can be seen as an escape from the mental illness which can become an addiction.

1.2.3. Influences Individual factors Knowledge Attitudes Sociocultural factors Media Family Economic factors Financial Security Environmental factors Access to health services

2. Drink Driving

2.1. 9/10

2.1.1. This is a 9/10 risk as there is a high chance of injury or fatality of multiple parties. It is also a risk many people end up taking as alcohol plays a key role in peoples ability to make logical decisions.

2.2. Consequences

2.2.1. Losing your license can create long term strain on your financial security as you might be unable to commute to work therefore losing your job, this would then cause economic strain therefore not being able to afford luxury goods, your social situation as you might not be able to get to particular events or end up relying on others too heavily to drive you places. All these strains would directly affect your family life as it would make commuting (ie. Dropping kids to school), and affording luxuries (such as beauty treatments and co-curricular for other family memebers) hard to accommodate.

2.2.2. When under the influence of alcohol, you don’t have the ability to make clear logical decisions, making the likely hood of you getting in a car and driving a very real risk

2.3. Influences

2.3.1. Economic factors Employment f someone's mode of transport to get to their place of employment is driving they might be less likely to drink drive as they are aware they could loose their license and therefore loose their financial security. Education However if they are uneducated in the repercussions that drink driving can cause they would more prone to take the risk of drink driving. Financial Security Financial security influences peoples decision to drink drive as it can cause stress leading to rash decision making such as drink driving

2.3.2. Environmental factors Geographic Location If there is limited or very expensive or highly inaccessible access to public transport at a persons geographic location it can make them believe it is a necessity to drink drive.

2.3.3. Individual Factors Attitudes An individuals attitudes when drunk can influence their decision to drink drive negatively. If they are in a carefree or reckless state of mind from intoxication they are at a higher risk of deciding to drive. Skills If an individual possesses the skill to make clear decisions whilst under the influence of alcohol they are less likely to drink drive and more likely to have a back up plan such as taking public transport.

3. Violence

3.1. 5/10

3.1.1. This is a 5/10 (code orange) as there is a variable on the neurological response each individual has to alcohol. In some cases, alcohol can make a person extremely violent, in other cases it will not affect a person’s decision to be violent at all.

3.2. Consequences

3.2.1. Alcohol use can contribute to domestic violence. In certain situations, a normally loving partner, can lash out, under the influence of alcohol, at their spouse therefore being at home can become a risk for the spouse.

3.2.2. If a person who has a high chance of becoming violent when drinking decides to drink at a local bar, this creates a risk for themselves and others as becoming violent could cause long or short-term injuries for people he lashes out at as well as himself when others react. This also comes with the consequence of legal actions (such as charges being pressed).

3.2.3. If a person drinks when in a state of rage, alcohol will lessen their ability to make clear and logical decisions therefore creating a higher risk of the offender to lash out in a violent manner

3.3. Influences

3.3.1. Influences that play a role in the decision to be violent whilst under the influence of alcohol include individual, legal/ political and sociocultural factors. Individual factors such as attitudes and genetics can influence ones behaviour under the influence of alcohol. Legal / political factors Individual Factors Attitudes Genetics education Sociocultural factors Family

4. Alcohol Combined with drugs

4.1. 10/10

4.1.1. This is seen as a 10/10 risk as there is a very high possibility this could lead to death and if not could cause other long term health issues which as explained under that header can cause economic, social, physical and emotional stress.

4.2. Consequences

4.2.1. With no quality control in the world of illegal drugs, you can never be 100% sure of exactly what’s in the substance you’re taking. It could be cut with other cheaper drugs such as tranquillisers or even toxic substances such as drain cleaner. Adding alcohol to this creates a potentially lethal cocktail.

4.2.2. Alcohol being combined with any other drug can have detrimental affects on your nervous system and general health as it puts your body under extreme pressure and/or slows down the body too much Alcohol is a depressant. Combine it with a stimulant, such as cocaine, and the two drugs compete with each other. The depressant drug tries to slow the brain/central nervous system down, while the stimulant tries to speed it up – putting your brain/central nervous system under great pressure. Combining alcohol with another depressant drug, eg. Heroin has detrimental effects as each slow your central nervous system down. By taking both alcohol and another depressant it is equivalent of overdosing which risks your body shutting down altogether. If the patient does not receive urgent medical conditions this can result in death.

4.3. Influences

4.3.1. Sociocultural factors Peers Peers met through different groups can pressure and influence you into making the decision to combine alcohol with drugs. For young people peers can be extremely persuasive as teens often fear exclusion if they don't meet certain standards such as taking these risk taking behaviours. Culture the sociocultural factor of culture; the groups or clubs they belong to, can effect an individuals decision. Being a part of a group who takes alcohol combined with drugs makes an individual see this as an acceptable behaviour.

4.3.2. economic factors education Economic factors such as education play a key role in deciding to combine alcohol with drugs. Being unaware of the consequences and repercussions combining alcohol and drugs can have makes an individual much more likely to take this action rather than someone who is educated in this area.

4.3.3. environmental factors access to resources Environmental factors such as access to resources contribute to the ability an individual has to take these actions. If someone has easy access to both alcohol and illicit drugs they are more likely to mix them than someone has very limited access to the same resources.

4.3.4. Individual factors Education If someone is educated in the consequences mixing alcohol and drugs can have on their wellbeing they are less likely to take the risk in the first place.

5. Making Illogical Decisions

5.1. Illogical decisions made under the influence of alcohol come at varying degrees of severity therefore having varying degrees of consequences.

5.1.1. Low risk decisions such as urinating in public, having disruptive behaviour and spreading friends secrets. 2/10 As these behaviours result in minimal consequences which have no effect on your wellbeing long term thus making it a 2/10. Consequences The low risks being taken with such actions generally only result in embarrassment or issues between friends. This effects your short term social wellbeing. Influences Individual Factors Sociocultural factors

5.1.2. Moderate risk decisions such as walking home alone, not telling a family member what you are doing and taking physically risky actions such as swimming. 5/10 These are moderate risk as it involves putting more at stake specifically your physical wellbeing. Consequences Taking more of a risk involves putting more at stake such as your physical wellbeing. Some of these actions could result in injury Moderate illogical decisions such as walking home alone could lead up to assault therefore risking your physical wellbeing. The same consequences also apply here as with the low risk illogical decision making Influences the same influences also apply here as with the low risk illogical decision making Environmental

5.1.3. High risk decisions such as going somewhere with a complete stranger, giving away personal information, continuing to drink once your body is at its alcohol limit and taking illegal actions. 9/10 This is a high risk as it is putting everything at stake, your emotional, physical and long term wellbeing. Consequences If the offender takes illegal actions it can result in conviction and/or imprisonment which is risking your wellbeing, causing economic strain and creating a criminal record which will be a future disadvantage. the same consequences also apply here as with the low and moderate risk illogical decision making In severe cases such as these high risk actions a person can end up being hospitalised or fatality Influences the same influences also apply here as with the low and moderate risk illogical decision making Legal/Political