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iGCSE Geography by Mind Map: iGCSE Geography
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iGCSE Geography

This map is supposed to support the iGCSE EDEXCEL textbook.

B. Urban Environments

Global urbanisation

A growing percentage of the world's population lives in urban areas.

Urban segregation

The urban environment is characterised by the segregation of different land uses and of people of different economic status and ethnic background.

Urban change

Changes occur as urban environments age and the needs of people change.


A. Hazardous Environments


Some places are more hazardous than others.


Hazards have an impact on people and the environment.

Managing Hazards

Different levels of economic development affect how people cope with hazards.

A. Coastal Environments

Physical processes

Physical processes give rise to characteristic coastal landforms.

Ecosystems & Biodiversity

Distinctive ecosystems develop along particular stretches of coastline.

Managing coasts

Distinctive ecosystems develop along particular stretches of coastline.

B. Economic Activity & Energy

Sectors of industry

Economic activity sustains people and involves output from a number of different economic sectors.

Location and growth

The location and growth of particular types of economic activity are influenced by a range of factors.

Rising demand for energy

Increased economic production creates a rising demand for energy and/or energy efficiency.

Case studies


C. Globalisation & Migration

Globalisation is making the nations of the world increasingly interdependent. Major movements of people are both a cause and a consequence of this interdependence.

Rise of globalisation



Case studies

Migration — a component of population change; international migration; net migration.


Fieldwork booklet

Past Paper pile

Case study pile