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Intelligence by Mind Map: Intelligence
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Intelligence

Definition

The ability to learn and accomplish new and different tasks

Theories

Spearman's g

Performance on a given task depend both on the general factor and on specific factors that may be involved in the task

Gardner

Several specific abilities, Multiple Intelligences, Linguistic, Logical-mathematical, Spatial, Musical, Bodily-kinesthetic, Naturalist, Intrapersonal, Interpersonal

Stenberg

Three factors, Enviromental context, Prior experiences, Cognitive processes

Cattell's

Fluid Intelligence, Ability to acquire knowledge quickly and adapt to new situations

Crystallized Intelligence, Knowledge and skills from past experiences and schooling

Components

Learning Ability

If you are intelligent in certain domains people are more likely to lean new information and behaviors more quickly and easily than those who are not

Prior Knowledge

Analyze and understand new situations

Interaction/Coordination

Many different processes

Adaptive

Flexibility to respond to different situations and problems

Children and intelligence

Heredity

Environmental

Experiences

Questions/Critiques

Relied too heavily on traditional intelligence tests

IQ scores interpreted out of context

Tests focus on skills that are in mainstream Western culture

Test ovelook dispositions and metacognitive strategies as important contributors to intellectual functioning

Priority on assessing current intelligence than on developing future intelligence