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Intelligence by Mind Map: Intelligence
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Intelligence

Components/Theoritical Perspectives

Spearman's g

Spearman's concept of g reflects the idea that intelligence may involve a general ability to think and reason about a wide variety of tasks. Some evidence indicates that an ability to process information quickly may be at its core.

Cattell's Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence

Cattell has found evidence for two distinctly different componens of genral intelligence (g). First, people differ in fluid intelligence (g), their ability to acquire knowledge quicly and thereby to adapt to new situations. Secondly, people differ in crystallized intelligence (g), the knowledge and skills they hve acccumulated from their experiences and schooling.

Sternberg's Triarchic Theory

Sternberg propses that intelligent behavior inolves an interplay of three factors:, 1. Enviornmental contet in which behavior ocurs, 2. The way in which one's prior experiences are brought to bear on a particular task, 3. The cognitive process required by the task

Distributed

People tend to behave intelligently when they have the support of the following enviornments:, Physical, Social, Cultural

Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

Gardner proposes that people have several more specific abilities, or multiple intelligences, that are relatively independent of one another., Linguistic, Logical, Spatial, Musical, Bodily-kinesthetic, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, Naturalist

Definition

The ability to beneift from experiences and thereby modify future behaviors to accomplish new tasks successfully

Questions

1. Is Gardner the most well known theorist on intelligence?

2. Which theorist is the most accurate?

Children Acquire Intelligence

Hereditary Influences

Twin Studies

Adoption Studies

Environmental Influences

Home Environment

Early Nutrition

Toxic Substances

Early Interventions

Formal Schooling