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英语原始语根音义发展简表 by Mind Map: 英语原始语根音义发展简表
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英语原始语根音义发展简表

b p 系统

爸爸语根

爸爸, 人 1)papa father 2)*pater power 3)*para- pre- pri- pro-→first, 乳房,食物 bosom→pan→feed, 生育,生命 parent→bear→*veget→quick

娃娃, babe boy, pupil poor, *frater family

哇哇, babble ban, *parl phone, fable fame, voice verb→word

劈里拍拉语根

掉落声, spl spr, fall fortune, *cad→hap, dip die day

折断声, 掰劈剥挖 part→bed board, 从折断到折叠 break→*ple/ *bi→fold full, 从弯曲到捆 bend bow bind build→pack, 由捆到自由 fast frain free

爆炸声, 爆炸生火 bomb blast→flame fire, 由火焰到颜色 blaze black bright

拍打语根

轻拍, 行为及主体 plaud palm→finger, 对象和结果 plan→flat

重拍, 方式 beat bite bait→fight, 工具 bar book fork, 结果 pain *bol→fear

牛叫声语根

行为主体, bellow boast, bull beef

主题形象, belly bag, bellow bin

生活习性, 勇敢 bold, 傻 fool

啄木鸟语根

行为主体, 鸟 pie pigin→flowl, 鸟嘴 beak

从尖到刺, peak pike, pick pickle

羽毛飞翔, pen→fur, fly flock, fan flee

脚步声语根

主体:脚, *ped paw→*fer foot

结果:路, path→fort→way

方式, *pad pet pand→*fer→Buddha

行为, *vid→wade, *id→*it *er→*heir

妈妈语根

人, 妈妈身份 mother May moon, 妈妈地位 mode master main

乳汁, 饭和粮食 milk melon, 吃奶声引申为说话 mutter money, 吃奶要用嘴 mouth mouse march

乳房, 乳房词汇 Amazons mammal, 类似乳房的词汇 mound mine

否定语根

不无未非, no ne

否定/肯定, new

元音系统

A h 语根

尖、酸、角、前, angle Alps and→acid→*acke

一、一样, ace an→*un→same sad

up 词族, up over above, super subn source, out opium

呼吸语根

生命, *anim *eco article

太阳, *ori- *upt→use *ut

生长, age *ann *anc

k g 系统

刀砍声语根

砍, 世界的诞生 chaos Gaea gene, 洞 cave cell→hide, 裂口 gap→crack, 地 camp corn corn→grain→*cre, 车 car career come *circ *card

投, cast→*ject→*hurl→shoot

倒, coin→found

果裸语根

gl 词族, 滑动 glide glance glad, 流水声 *hydro *aqua water

bl 词族, 球形 ball blader basket, 从蓓蕾到开花 bud bloom broon flower, 呼吸 blow breathe spirit, 光 *phot *psych fancy

cl 词族, 头 *cap head, 握拳 *cap get hand *pris seize, 爪 claw grasp crawl, 交叉 cross *cred faith

tl 词族, *dun dust dark, Deutsch thousand, tomb thumb

roll 词族, 滚动实体 root ring rod, 滚动行为 roll rot, 滚动性质 re-range regime rule, 滚动方式 race rat rise reach, 滚动摩擦 rub raw rip

鸡叫声语根

鸡叫, cock cant→*sing→jealous

喊叫, clap call claim, cry→groan→scream, weep→yell

歌声语根

说话词族, lap log hangu lect

轻松愉快, lect ligh lift

摩擦语根

元音前, 撒播 sow send sense see say, 吸水声 sip sea sob

辅音前, *sl, *sm *sn, *sp *spl *spr, *str, *sw

d t 系统

手指语根

敲、击, *dic→that, *doc *docu→teach, *duc *duct→*ju *jur *jus

剁、挖、切, dig dike→flx→deal→tail, tale→tell

主体, *digit, *de→ten, *di *dou *du→two *tri

碰撞语根

碰撞行为, clash→*thud→jerk→pound

撞击对象, drum do

碰撞结果, *dent→*ed→dread

蹦跳语根

行为, bound→hop→dance→jump→skip

场所, base→found

主体, bug young

戳刺声语根

行为主体, tip thorn→stick

行为方式, thrust through tyrant *tend

接触、容纳, *tag take→stain

拖拉声语根

拖拉, drag draw→tug train→haul→lug

行进, trade truck troll→patrol