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PREPOSITION by Mind Map: PREPOSITION

1. This garden belong to my old aunt Mary.

2. PRE=Before

3. POSITION=Location

4. It is a word used to link nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence.

5. Kind of preposition

5.1. Simple

5.1.1. short words

5.1.1.1. We are going to the market

5.2. compound

5.2.1. prefixing the preposition to a noun, an adjective or an adverb.

5.2.1.1. The cat is jumping around the seat.

5.3. Double

5.3.1. two prepositions are used together

5.3.1.1. My son emerged from behind the curtains to scare me.

5.4. Participle

5.4.1. verbs + ing/ed

5.4.1.1. Barring accidents, we should arrive on time.

5.5. Phrase

5.5.1. I am playing in the team on behalf of captain today.

6. RULES OF PREPOSITION

6.1. A preposition must have an object

6.1.1. I will call after work

6.2. Put preposition before an object

6.2.1. I put it in the box.

6.3. A pronoun following a preposition should be in object form

6.3.1. That’s between him and her.

6.4. to preposition and to infinitive are not the same

6.5. Prepositions have no particular form.

6.6. If a Principal Verb is used after about, after, at, before, for, from, in, on, to (that Verb must be in -ing form )

6.6.1. You prevented me from doing it.

6.7. Say/suggest/propose/speak/reply/explain/talk/listen/write is followed by "to" preposition if there is a person in the form of object

6.7.1. He did not reply to me.(

7. TYPES OF USE

7.1. PREPOSITION OF PLACE

7.1.1. IN

7.1.1.1. Martha is in the car.

7.1.2. ON

7.1.2.1. She will sing on stage tomorrow.

7.1.3. AT

7.1.3.1. We go to the sea coast everyday to watch the sunrise at 5:30 am.

7.1.4. BETWEEN

7.1.4.1. The river lies between Rome and Milan.

7.1.5. BELOW

7.1.5.1. The plane is just below cloud.

7.2. PREPOSITION OF TIME

7.2.1. IN

7.2.1.1. General/Bigger

7.2.1.1.1. I was born in June in 1998.

7.2.2. ON

7.2.2.1. More specific/smaller

7.2.2.1.1. I don’t work on Saturday.

7.2.3. AT

7.2.3.1. Very specific/smallest

7.2.3.1.1. I went to school at 7 o’clock.

7.2.4. INTO

7.2.4.1. She dived into the river.

7.2.5. TO

7.2.5.1. I went to London last week.

7.3. PREPOSITION OF AGENT

7.3.1. BY

7.3.1.1. Harry Potter was written by J.K Rowling..

7.3.2. WITH

7.3.2.1. Hanah graduated with an honors degree.

7.4. PREPOSITION OF MANNER

7.4.1. BY

7.4.1.1. Our mother sings like a cuckoo bird.

7.4.2. WITH

7.4.2.1. He faces danger with courage.

7.4.3. LIKE

7.4.3.1. Our mother sings like a cuckoo bird.

7.4.4. AS

7.4.4.1. I have worked as a teacher and counselor.

7.5. PREPOSITION OF SOURCE

7.5.1. He did the help from gratitude

7.6. PREPOSITION OF MEASURE, STANDARD,RATE,VALUE

7.6.1. BY (for the purpose of measure)

7.6.1.1. Tina won the match against Whitney by 2 points.

7.6.2. AT (used in the context of very precise measures.)

7.6.2.1. It came in running at 110 km/hour.

7.6.3. OF (used when the topic is abstract or measurement can’t be in numbers.)

7.6.3.1. Can you give me a piece of you cake?

7.7. PREPOSITION OF POSSESSION

7.7.1. OF

7.7.1.1. This is the house of my uncle.

7.7.2. TO

7.7.2.1. This garden belong to my old aunt Mary.

7.7.3. WITH

7.7.3.1. I met the boy with red hair today.