Bone and Cartilage

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Bone and Cartilage by Mind Map: Bone and Cartilage

1. Cartilage

1.1. Role or Functions

1.1.1. precursor or model for the embryonic development of long bones

1.1.2. replaced by bone in fetal and childhoo

1.2. Types

1.2.1. Hyaline Cartilage

1.2.1.1. model for bone development

1.2.1.2. Matrix

1.2.1.2.1. Fiber: Type II collagen

1.2.1.2.2. Ground substance

1.2.1.3. Location

1.2.1.3.1. tracheal rings

1.2.1.3.2. nasal septum

1.2.1.3.3. larynx

1.2.1.3.4. articular surfaces of joints

1.2.2. Elastic Cartilage

1.2.2.1. stain brown-black with Weigert's stain

1.2.2.2. Matrix

1.2.2.2.1. Fiber

1.2.2.2.2. Ground Substance

1.2.2.2.3. Location

1.2.3. Fibrocartilage

1.2.3.1. no perichondrium

1.2.3.2. Matrix

1.2.3.2.1. thin, territorial

1.2.3.2.2. appears wavy

1.2.3.2.3. Fiber

1.2.3.2.4. Ground substance

1.2.3.3. Location

1.2.3.3.1. pubic symphysis

1.2.3.3.2. intervertebral discs

1.2.3.3.3. meniscus of knees

1.2.3.3.4. spine

1.3. Components

1.3.1. Perichondrium

1.3.2. Chondroblasts

1.3.3. Chrondrocytes

1.3.4. Matrix

1.3.4.1. Territorial matrix

1.3.4.2. Interterritorial matrix

1.4. Cartilage Growth

1.4.1. Interstitial

1.4.2. Appositional

2. Bone

2.1. Functions

2.1.1. support for soft tissues of body

2.1.2. provides sites for attachment of muscles an tendons

2.1.3. protects vital organs

2.1.4. encloses blood-forming elements in the bone marrow

2.1.5. storage of calcium and phosphate

2.2. Types

2.2.1. Based on organizational structure

2.2.1.1. Compact/Dense/Cortical Bone

2.2.1.2. Spongy/Cancellous/Trabecular/Soft Bone

2.2.2. based on morphological appearance

2.2.2.1. flat

2.2.2.2. long

2.2.2.3. short

2.2.2.4. irregular

2.3. Membranes

2.3.1. Periosteum

2.3.2. Endosteum

2.4. Cellular Components

2.4.1. Osteogenic cells

2.4.2. Osteoblasts

2.4.3. Osteocytes

2.4.4. Osteoclasts

2.5. Formation and Development (Ossification)

2.5.1. Intramembranous Ossification

2.5.2. Endochondral Ossification