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Nutrients by Mind Map: Nutrients

1. Macro Nutrients

1.1. Calories that we intake from large portion of food.

1.1.1. Fats

1.1.1.1. Unsaturated

1.1.1.1.1. help reduce risk of heart disease and lower cholesterol levels

1.1.1.2. Saturated

1.1.1.2.1. Eating greater amounts of saturated fat is linked with increased risk of heart disease & high blood cholesterol levels.

1.1.1.3. Trans fat

1.1.1.3.1. Same as Saturated (same results and impacts to the body) Found in packaged foods & in butter & some margarines.

1.1.1.4. Cholesterol

1.1.1.4.1. Fat found in food and also running through your blood. Has many important functions in body, but a huge amount has risk fro heart disease.

1.1.2. Carbs

1.1.2.1. Molecules containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms.

1.1.3. Proteins

1.1.3.1. Hair and nails are mostly made of proteins. Help repair tissues and muscles when injured (healing agent).

2. Water

2.1. Is essentiel to life

2.1.1. Body contains up to 60- 75% of water

2.1.2. keeps up body temperature

2.1.3. helps flush out all the dirt left in your body from meals.

3. Micro Nutrients

3.1. The Chemicals found in trace amount of foods.

3.1.1. Vitamins

3.1.1.1. Vitamins are organic compounds that are needed in small quantities to sustain life. Most vitamins need to come from food.

3.1.1.2. Each organism has different vitamin requirements. Humans need to consume vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, but dogs do not. Dogs can produce enough vitamin C for their own needs

3.1.2. Minerals

3.1.2.1. The body needs a lot of minerals to make the body stronger and make food into energy for your body.

3.1.2.1.1. Such as Iron, Calcium, Potassium, Zinc, Trace elements, Iodine.

3.1.3. Antioxidant

3.1.3.1. Substances that protect cells against effects of free radicals, molecules produced when body breaks down food or exposed to tobacco smoke & radiation.