SCIENTIFIC WRITING

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SCIENTIFIC WRITING by Mind Map: SCIENTIFIC WRITING

1. TENSES AND USES

1.1. PAST

1.1.1. Methology

1.1.2. Results

1.2. PRESENT

1.2.1. Introduction

1.2.1.1. background information

1.2.2. Conclusion

1.2.2.1. results

1.3. FUTURE

1.3.1. describe things in the future

2. NOUNS

2.1. DEFINITE

2.1.1. It is clear the entity you are referring to: the book

2.1.2. ARTICLES -> the

2.2. INDEFINITE

2.2.1. It is not clear the entity: a friend of mine

2.2.2. ARTICLES -> S: a/an; PL: -

2.3. NO ARTICLE

2.3.1. *before proper nouns, lakes, countries

2.4. Mountain ranges, rivers, seas, oceans SHOULD BE PRECEDED BY THE ARTICLE-> THE

3. CONCORDANCE

3.1. *Subject and verb need to agree in number

3.1.1. For unit, amount, discipline, organization -> singular verb

3.1.2. For individual members and components -> plural verb

4. PASSIVE VOICE

4.1. HOW TO FORM IT

4.1.1. be + past participle

4.2. USES

4.2.1. -When the subject is acted upon

4.3. *Intransitive verbs can't use passive

4.4. *The passive voice is very useful in scientific writing

5. CONNECTORS

5.1. *It is important to avoid sentences that do not follow logically from preceded ones

5.2. POWERFUL LINKING WORDS

5.2.1. REINFORCE IDEAS: also, for example, in other words, moreover, in addition, more importantly

5.2.2. CHANGE IDEAS: but, instead, although, on the other hand, yet, nevertheless, however, in contrast, in spite of

5.2.3. CONCLUSION: thus, in conclusion, finally, therefore, accordingly, so

6. SPELLING CONVENTIONS AND ACCURACY

6.1. *Not to mix American and British spelling

6.2. *Use the spelling rules given

6.3. *Never use contractions

6.4. *Define abbreviations only the first time they appear

6.5. *Use nonbreaking spaces or hyphens to avoid inappropriate separation of terms

6.6. *Use a dictionary of scientific terms

6.7. Do not use unnecessary commas

7. ADJECTIVES must be avoided in scientific writing

7.1. Adjectives precede nouns

7.2. Adverbs precede verbs