Morphology

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Morphology by Mind Map: Morphology

1. Tell about event, continuous, completion, habitual. They are playing. Thay have done it.

2. Teach (v.) + -er = teacher (n.) New York (n.) + -er = New Yorker (n.)

3. Unit1 introduction to English morphology

3.1. Lexical/Content words Open class words

3.1.1. N.

3.1.2. V.

3.1.3. Adj.

3.1.4. Adv.

3.2. Grammatical/Function words Closed class words

3.2.1. Prep.

3.2.2. Pro.

3.2.3. Conj.

3.2.4. Interj.

3.3. Types of Morphemes

3.3.1. Free/independent morpheme

3.3.1.1. Can stand alone

3.3.1.2. Convey meaning/grammatical function

3.3.2. Bound/dependent morpheme

3.3.2.1. Can't stand alone

3.3.2.2. Must be attached to another morpheme

3.4. Roots, Bases

3.4.1. Root

3.4.1.1. A unit that carries principle meaning and that can't be further analysed

3.4.2. Base

3.4.2.1. A form to which an affix of any kind can be attached

3.5. Affixes

3.5.1. Prefix

3.5.1.1. Attached to the beginning position of the root

3.5.1.1.1. Change in meaning of the word

3.5.2. Infix

3.5.2.1. A bound morpheme that is inserted within a word

3.5.3. Suffix

3.5.3.1. Added after the root

3.5.3.1.1. Change in meaning/tense/part of speech of the root

4. Unit2 Affixes

4.1. Affixes

4.1.1. Parts of words added into the roots so as to change the meaning, parts of speech or tenses of the words

4.1.1.1. Prefixes

4.1.1.1.1. re + play = to play a game again

4.1.1.2. Infixes

4.1.1.2.1. Placed inside a base

4.1.1.2.2. No infix in English words and original Thai words

4.1.1.3. Suffixes

4.1.1.3.1. walk + -er = walker walk + -ed = walked

4.1.2. I play tennis everyday. She plays tennis everyday.

4.2. Types of suffixes

4.2.1. Inflectional suffixes

4.2.1.1. ENG inflectional suffixes signal grammatical relationship of ....

4.2.1.1.1. Number

4.2.1.1.2. Person

4.2.1.1.3. Tense

4.2.1.1.4. Aspect

4.2.1.1.5. Voice

4.2.2. Derivational suffixes

4.2.2.1. A new class of the word or a change of part of speech.

4.2.2.1.1. Suffix: -ation -sion -er -cian etc.

4.2.3. Suffixal homophones

4.2.3.1. Types of Suffixal homophones

4.2.3.1.1. 1. The derivational morpheme (-er) for comparison.

4.2.3.1.2. The same suffix is added into the root of word but it conveys(บ่งบอก) different function/meaning.

4.2.3.1.3. 2. The verbal deflectional suffix (-ing) for progressive.

4.2.3.1.4. 3. The verbal inflectional (-d) for past participle.

4.2.4. Noun feminine forms

4.2.5. Noun diminutive forms