word class

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word class by Mind Map: word class

1. Nouns

1.1. Abstract

1.1.1. refers to states, feelings and concepts that have no physical existence pain happiness

1.2. Concrete

1.2.1. refers to objects that have physical existence count concrete nouns that have a plural form mass concrete nouns that refer to a collection/group

1.3. proper

1.3.1. refers to names of people or places Joe London

1.4. common

1.4.1. refers to any noun which is not proper concrete abstract

1.5. collective

1.5.1. refers to a single group composed of multiple number a class of students a flamboyance of flamingos

2. determines

2.1. article

2.1.1. a determiner that denotes a singular form definite artice the indefinite article a an

2.2. possesive

2.2.1. determiners which shows who the noun belongs to my our your

2.3. quantity

2.3.1. determines the amount of the noun many few several

3. pronouns

3.1. demonstrative

3.1.1. a pronoun that represents a thing or things singular this that plural these those

3.2. object

3.2.1. a pronoun that usually appears as being affected by a verb process singular me (first person) you (second person) him/her/them (third person) plural us (first person) you (second person) them (third person)

3.3. possessive

3.3.1. a pronoun that demonstrates ownership singular mine (first person) yours (second person) his/hers/theirs (third person) plural ours (first person) yours (second person) theirs (third person)

3.4. reflexive

3.4.1. a pronoun that is preceded or followed by the noun, adjective, adverb or pronoun to which it refers within the same clause first person myself second person yourself third person himself herself themselves

3.5. relative

3.5.1. a pronoun used to connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun defining relative clause that (subject) whom (object) whose (possessive) non-defining relative clause who (subject) whom (object) whose (possessive)

3.6. subject

3.6.1. a pronoun that usually occurs as the actor in a verbal phrase singular i (first person) you (second person) he/she/they (third person) plural we (first person) you (second person) they (third person)

4. adjectives

4.1. Gradable

4.1.1. these adjectives have 3 forms which can be graded upwards with the suffixes ‘er’ and ‘est’ or by adding ‘more’ or ‘most before the adjective absolute the base form of an adjective comparative the form if an adjective that designates comparison between two things superlative expresses the highest level of the quality represented by an adjective

4.2. non-gradable

4.2.1. these are adjective that are not more, less or most. its a solid state pregnant (cant be more or most pregnant)

5. Verbs

5.1. auxiliary

5.1.1. assists the main verb modal auxillary expresses degree of possibility, probability, necessity or obligation primary auxillary denotes change of tense

5.2. copular

5.2.1. a verb that takes a complement (usually a form of the verb ‘to be’ used with an adjective fir description) our insects ARE important

5.3. primary

5.3.1. be am are is was were

5.3.2. have have had

5.3.3. do do does did

5.4. verb types

5.4.1. irregular change their form when changing from present to past tense swim swam

5.4.2. regular take a regular ‘ed’ inflection when changing from present to past tense walk walked

5.4.3. inflection when you add an ending to a verb to change tense or number ed ing

5.4.4. present particple a verb ending with ‘ing’ playing catching

5.4.5. past participle a verb ending in ‘ed’ played jumped

5.4.6. infinitive a verb with ‘to’ positioned before it to play

5.5. verb categories

5.5.1. dynamic processes where there is a change in state over time paint remove eat

5.5.2. intransitive a process that has no object yawned slept

5.5.3. transitive a process that has an object most verbs

5.5.4. non-finite a verb that has not been inflected to play watching

5.5.5. finite a verb that has been inflected m most verbs

5.5.6. material describes actions or events hit run play

5.5.7. mental describes perceptions, thought or speech think believe speak

5.5.8. relational describes states of being or are used to identify be appear seem

5.5.9. stative processes where the situation remains constant love hold believe

6. adverbs

6.1. manner

6.1.1. describes how something happened she ate the cheese greedily

6.2. time

6.2.1. describes when something happened she brought the cheese yesterday

6.3. place

6.3.1. describes where something happened put the cheese there

6.4. frequency

6.4.1. describes how often something happened she regularly purchases cheese

6.5. degree

6.5.1. describes how much there is of something she really likes cheese

7. preposition

7.1. a word which shows how elements in a sentence or clause relate to each in time or space

7.1.1. in

7.1.2. on

7.1.3. under

7.1.4. above

7.1.5. behind

8. conjunctions

8.1. coordinating conjunctions

8.1.1. these signal the start of a coordinating clause he laughed like a drain AND fell over backwards

8.2. subordinating conjunctions

8.2.1. these signal the start if a subordinating clause BECAUSE i love you, i’ll buy you flowers