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Emergency Type by Mind Map: Emergency Type

1. Meteorological (Weather)

1.1. Tornado

1.1.1. 2019 Alabama Tornadoes -On March 3, a severe weather outbreak occurred across the Southern US, including an EF4 tornado that killed 23 people in Southern Alabama.

1.2. Hurricanes

1.2.1. Hurricane Irma formed on 8-30-17 and ended on 9-13-17. It was 50 mi in diameter and the winds were 185 mph for 37 hours.

1.2.2. On September 1, 2018, a Category 4 Hurricane by the name of Florence formed in the Atlantic Ocean. This storm ended on September 18, 2019 and caused over $24 billion in damages and killed 53 people between North and South Carolina.

1.3. Hurricane

1.3.1. In 2017, in the end of August through the beginning of September, Hurricane Harvey hit Texas as a Category 4, but Louisiana and other states were impacted as well. Harvey is the costliest natural disaster since Katrina in 2005 with $125 billion in damage, and 13 million people were affected. By: Angella Salto

1.4. Tropical Storm

1.4.1. On june 4, 2001 tropical storm Allison hit Texas. Allison brought in over 35 inches of rain it is the second deadliest tropical storm to hit the united states with 41 deaths. Allison caused 8.5 billion dollars in damage. Within weeks of Allison President Bush declared over 75 counties disaster areas FEMA also responded to Allison by funding 75% the cost remove debris and repair public facilities. By: Alexander Hernandez

2. Biological

2.1. Measles Epidemic - Melanie O.

2.1.1. Medical Personnel have to care for those who were affected. Schools have to ban students from going unless they get vaccinated. The CDC and health department try to isolate and figure out who is spreading it and figure out contacts of those who have measles, so that they can be put into home isolation. In 2019 there have been over 1,109 cases which is the highest total of individual measles cases in America in any year since 1994. Measles was considered to have been eradicated in the United States in 2000. Complications include pneumonia, encephalitis, and death. The measles outbreak is linked primarily to a decrease in vaccination rates and travelers who brought measles back from other countries. Children who have poor immune systems and who are less than the age of 12 months are unable to get the vaccine, so they rely on vaccinated people to protect them. The 704 cases of measles in the U.S. through the end of April 2019 cost our health institutions over $35 million. Therefore, it would seem like the measles outbreak of 2019 will easily cost the U.S. tens of millions of dollars.

2.1.2. In April of 2018, a multistate outbreak of E. coli affected a reported 210 people. It was linked back to full head romaine lettuce grown in the Yuma growing region. The strain of E. coli that affected people is known as the E. coli 0157: H7, it lead to 96 hospitalizations and 5 deaths. - SIdney A,

3. Technology-Caused

4. Geological

4.1. Mudslides

4.1.1. On January 9, 2018 major mudslides hit Montecito California. After the wildfires in December, a severe storm struck giving way to the mudslides. The death toll was measured at 23.

4.1.1.1. Tornadoes can create a higher risk of erosion, causing mudslide to happen, if there is heavy rainfall.

4.1.1.2. Mud slides and volcano eruptions are related because after a volcanoe eruption vast amounts of land could be moved causing mud slides.

4.1.2. By: Ellis Golm

4.2. Earthquakes

4.2.1. July 5, 2019, A 7.1 magnitude earthquake hit Calfornia and had rattled many peoples lives. This was the 2nd earthquake that Calfornia has had in the past week. There has been no deaths reported on the earthquakes and after shocks. The aftershocks of this earthquake are scaring people and could feel like a whole new earthquake.

4.2.1.1. By: Morgan Hall

4.3. Volcano Eruption

4.3.1. On May 3, 2019 Kilauea Volcano erupted. The Kilauea Volcano is located in Hawaii. When the volcano sprayed out the lava it reached 300 feet in the air. The cost to recover from this event was $800,000,000. The Coast Guard was the first to respond to this event just because of their proximity to the volcano. They helped people evacuate their homes.

4.3.1.1. The tornadoes and volcano eruptions are related because they are both naturally occurring and humans cannot control or confine the problem..

4.3.1.2. By: Kahliya Clayton

4.4. Earthquakes

4.4.1. On July 4th, 2019, a 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck Southern California. This was the biggest Earthquake they had seen in that area in over two decades. The next day an even bigger aftershock hit at about a 7.1 magnitude and aftershocks continued about one every minute. No deaths have been recorded but some minor injuries had happened.

4.4.2. By Ava Byrd

4.5. Earthquakes

4.5.1. On September 7th, 2017, an 8.2 magnitude struck the city of Chiapas, Mexico. The earthquake killed a total of 98 people. After Mexico's disastrous quake of 1985, people were alerted to the earthquake, so some were able to evacuate buildings, but not all. A State of Emergency was issued in Mexico, and the Mexican Army was called in for relief and response to the disaster.

4.5.2. By: Annalie Harris

5. Accidental

5.1. Fires/Explosions

5.1.1. The Notre Dame Cathedral Fire is a fire that happened under the roof of the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris on April 15, 2019. It was said to be an accident, but 2/3 of the roof and the spire of the cathedral was ruined. Thankfully, there were no deaths, but there were 3 non-fatal injuries. The people in Paris collected about $1 billion to help fix it, but officials say this might not be enough.

5.1.2. By: Vidhi Agarwal

6. Intentional

6.1. Terroism

6.1.1. Description - A 29 year old male drove a truck into a bike path in New York City, The terrorist drove a large moving truck into a group of bikers and stuck a bus that led to a stop of the act.

6.1.2. By: Jackson Chamberlain

6.1.3. Time of Event - This event occurred on November 2, 2017.

6.1.4. Number of Deaths - In this event 8 people died and many more where injured.

6.1.5. Who Responded - The local police where first to respond then emergency medics cam soon after.

7. Natural Hazards

8. Human-Caused

8.1. School Shooting

8.1.1. On February 14, 2018, A school shooting took place in Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, in Parkland, Florida. The shooter, 19-year-old Nikolas Cruz, had been expelled from the school earlier that year, and arrived at the school by Uber. 17 people were killed and 14 were severely injured. By Ava L.

8.1.2. On April 30, 2019 Trysten Terrel, a student at UNCC, went to the Kennedy building at UNC Charlotte and fired multiple shots. He killed two students and injured four. - Grace K

8.1.3. On September 13th, 2017, alleged suspect, a 15-year-old sophomore, open fired at Freeman High School. One person died and three were injured. Local law enforcement and paramedics responded to the scene. -Francesca B

8.2. Mass shooting

8.2.1. On October 1, 2017, a lone gunman opened fire from a 32 floor window at Las Vegas Hotel during a Country Music Festival in Las Vegas Nevada, killing 59, and injuring 500. In response, the police, the fire department, EMT’s, Paramedics, the FBI, and SWAT teams arrived at the scene to control the situation.-Louis G.