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Multicultural and Bilingual Special Education by Mind Map: Multicultural and Bilingual
Special Education
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Multicultural and Bilingual Special Education

Cultural Diversity

Values and Typical Behavior

Languages or Dialect

Nonverbal Communication

Awareness of Individual Cultural Identity

World Views/General Perspectives


Subcultures are a part of the larger culture

Some are voluntary and some are involuntary

Equality of Education

Multicultural education

One of the purposes of Multicultural Education is to increase the understanding of the subculture of Exceptionality and its relationship to other groups.

Promotion of Pride in one's own heritage and understanding of others

Foster positive attitudes toward diversity

Problems, Egocentric Problems of all cultural groups, Disagreement about curriculum, Racism and discrimination

Expectations of Teachers

Cultural Bias

Belief that only certain parts of a subculture (such as holidays and widely known practices) should be taught

How much the teacher understands his/her own cultural histories and bias


Deciding what to teach

Which subcultures to include

What information should be taught

Use of Language


Deciding how to teach

Deciding how to teach a diverse classroom depends upon the teacher's expectations of students and their abilities.

Teacher's own cultural heritage

Amount of students of a particular subculture in a given school, region, or state

Working with Families

Language Minority Students

Effective Teaching Practices

Teachers must have a knowledge and understanding of their own cultures and biases to be able to maintain effective teaching strategies for the classroom.


Challenge, Students should be challenged, but not to where it is impossible to be successful on any given assignment


Mediation and Feedback

Responsiveness to cultural and individual diversity


Development of Social Skills, Cooperative Learning, Building Pride in one's cultural identity, Classroom Discipline

Teaching students to work for social change

Ethnic Groups

Common historic origin, shared identities, heritage, and traditions

Behavior patterns- political and economic interests

Exceptionality Groups

Ethnicity should not be mistaken for education exceptionality, i.e., the inability to read or speak english may cause a particular child of a different ethnicity to have a disability, but this inability might be considered unimportant in a different culture.

Share a set of abilities or disabilities that are especially valued or require special accommodation



Bias of the abilities of ethnic minorities

Bias of Screening Tests/Standardized Tests

Response to Intervention (RTI)

RTI lowers the bias of the abilities of ethnic minorities through the use of CBMs.

Assessment of Progress

Progress Monitoring, Curriculum Based Measurements (CBMs), Informal Measures

Testing Accomodations, Administration Modifications, Use of a bilingual dictionary, Use of Native Language

America and Multiculturalism

Building a Diverse and Just Society

Personal Freedom

Pride of all groups

Respect for others' cultural heritage


Erosion of moral foundations

Undermining of the central purpose of schools: Academic competence