Subcultures are a part of the larger culture
Some are voluntary and some are involuntary
One of the purposes of Multicultural Education is to increase the understanding of the subculture of Exceptionality and its relationship to other groups.
Promotion of Pride in one's own heritage and understanding of others
Foster positive attitudes toward diversity
Problems, Egocentric Problems of all cultural groups, Disagreement about curriculum, Racism and discrimination
Belief that only certain parts of a subculture (such as holidays and widely known practices) should be taught
How much the teacher understands his/her own cultural histories and bias
Which subcultures to include
What information should be taught
Use of Language
Deciding how to teach a diverse classroom depends upon the teacher's expectations of students and their abilities.
Teacher's own cultural heritage
Amount of students of a particular subculture in a given school, region, or state
Teachers must have a knowledge and understanding of their own cultures and biases to be able to maintain effective teaching strategies for the classroom.
Challenge, Students should be challenged, but not to where it is impossible to be successful on any given assignment
Mediation and Feedback
Responsiveness to cultural and individual diversity
Development of Social Skills, Cooperative Learning, Building Pride in one's cultural identity, Classroom Discipline
Teaching students to work for social change
Ethnicity should not be mistaken for education exceptionality, i.e., the inability to read or speak english may cause a particular child of a different ethnicity to have a disability, but this inability might be considered unimportant in a different culture.
Bias of the abilities of ethnic minorities
Bias of Screening Tests/Standardized Tests
RTI lowers the bias of the abilities of ethnic minorities through the use of CBMs.
Progress Monitoring, Curriculum Based Measurements (CBMs), Informal Measures
Testing Accomodations, Administration Modifications, Use of a bilingual dictionary, Use of Native Language
Pride of all groups
Respect for others' cultural heritage
Erosion of moral foundations
Undermining of the central purpose of schools: Academic competence