BASIC CELL (by Beya Ben Ayed, 11F)

BASIC CELL by Beya Ben Ayed, 11 F

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BASIC CELL (by Beya Ben Ayed, 11F) by Mind Map: BASIC CELL (by Beya Ben Ayed, 11F)

1. TYPES of ORGANISMS

1.1. unicellular

1.1.1. prokaryotic cell

1.1.1.1. eukaryotic cell

1.2. multicellular

1.2.1. eukaryotic cell

1.3. autotrophs

1.3.1. phototrophs

1.3.1.1. produce their own food

1.4. heterotrophs

2. CELL TYPES

2.1. eukaryote

2.1.1. animal

2.1.2. plant

2.1.3. fungi

2.1.4. protist

2.1.4.1. unicellular organism

2.1.4.2. multicellular organism

2.1.5. WITH nucleus

2.2. prokaryote

2.2.1. bacteria

2.2.1.1. unicellular organism

2.2.2. WITHOUT nucleus

3. LIFE THEORY

3.1. basic unit of life

3.2. all organisms consist of cells

4. CELL STRUCTURE

4.1. ANIMAL CELL

4.1.1. • nucleus

4.1.2. • cell membrane

4.1.3. • mitochondria

4.1.4. • cytoplasm

4.1.5. • Golgi vesicle

4.1.6. • Golgi apparatus

4.1.7. • Chromatin

4.1.7.1. compress the DNA

4.1.7.2. it can fit within the NUCLEUS

4.1.8. • rough endoplasmic reticulum

4.1.9. • smooth endoplasmic reticulum

4.1.10. • ribosomes

4.1.11. • vacuole

4.1.12. • peroxisome

4.1.13. • secretory vesicle

4.1.14. transports hormones (for example) from one organelle to the cell membrane

4.1.15. provide structure for the cell

4.1.16. • lysosome

4.1.17. • centrosome

4.1.17.1. essential for cell division

4.1.18. • microtubule

4.1.18.1. transport other organelles

4.2. PLANT CELL

4.2.1. • nucleus

4.2.1.1. all the genetic information to produce new cells

4.2.1.2. stores and copies DNA and RNA

4.2.2. all chemical processes that take place in the cell

4.2.3. • cell membrane

4.2.3.1. thin skin around the cell

4.2.3.2. the cell its shape

4.2.3.3. what passes IN and OUT the cell

4.2.4. • mitochondria

4.2.4.1. respiration takes place

4.2.5. • cytoplasm

4.2.5.1. jelly like substance

4.2.5.2. chemical reactions take place to keep the cell alive

4.2.6. • cell wall

4.2.6.1. thin cell membrane

4.2.6.2. tough cellulose

4.2.6.3. cell strength and support

4.2.7. • chloroplast

4.2.8. contains a green pigment:

4.2.8.1. CHLOROPHYLL

4.2.9. absorbs sunlight

4.2.9.1. PHOTOSYNTHESIS

4.2.10. • vacuole

4.2.10.1. weak solution of salt and sugar:

4.2.10.1.1. CELL SAP

4.2.10.2. stores the FOOD and WATER

4.2.11. • vesicle

4.2.11.1. transport and store substances within a cell from one cell to another

4.2.12. • peroxisome

4.2.12.1. contribute to the biosynthesis of membrane lipids

4.2.13. • lysosome

4.2.13.1. like the stomach of the cell

4.2.13.2. digest the excess

4.2.14. • Golgi apparatus

4.2.14.1. modifying, sorting and packaging of proteins

4.2.15. • plasmodesma

4.2.15.1. channel

4.2.15.2. molecules and substances to move back and forth as NEEDED

4.2.16. • ribosomes

4.2.16.1. create proteins

4.2.17. • smooth endoplasmic reticulum

4.2.17.1. make cellular products like hormones and lipids.

4.2.18. • rough endoplasmic reticulum

4.2.18.1. produce proteins

5. BASIC CELL FUNCTION

5.1. MATTER EXCHANGE

5.1.1. exchange matter with:

5.1.1.1. ENVIRONMENT

5.1.1.2. NEIGHBOURING CELLS

5.2. DIVISION

5.2.1. cells reproduction

5.2.1.1. CELL DIVISION

5.2.2. coordination of cell division:

5.2.2.1. CRUCIAL

5.2.2.1.1. organ system of a multicellular organism

5.2.2.1.2. to keep:

5.3. METABOLISM

5.3.1. CATABOLISM:

5.3.1.1. the breakdown of molecules to obtain energy

5.3.2. ANABOLISM:

5.3.2.1. the synthesis of all compounds needed by the cells