Socialism

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Socialism by Mind Map: Socialism

1. Human nature

1.1. Positive

1.2. Fraternity

1.3. Co-operation

1.4. Progressive / can be improved (malleable)

1.5. Overwhelmed by capitalism (false consciousness)

2. Society

2.1. Whole bigger than sum of parts

2.2. Improved by improving individuals

2.3. Fundamental role of class (circumstances, prospects & attitudes)

2.4. Independent construct

3. The state

3.1. Bigger

3.2. Wither away?

3.3. Extent of = big disagreements amongst various socialism strands

4. Economy

4.1. Inequality is key

4.2. Capitalism threatens human nature, socialism reflects it

4.3. Core policies

4.3.1. Progressive taxation

4.3.2. Progressive public spending

4.3.3. Extensive public services

4.3.4. Collectivisation - state / common ownership

4.3.5. Extensive regulation of capitalism

5. Key thinkers

5.1. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels - Dialectical materialism

5.1.1. Overview

5.1.2. Textbook

5.1.3. class

5.1.4. class struggle

5.1.5. dialectical materialism

5.2. Rosa Luxemburg - Spontaneous revolution

5.2.1. Textbook

5.2.2. inevitability of the triumph of revolution

5.2.3. capacity of the masses

5.2.4. spontaneity

5.2.5. party oriented class struggle

5.3. Beatrice Webb - Inevitability of gradualism

5.3.1. Textbook

5.3.2. inevitability of gradualism

5.3.3. co-operative movement

5.3.4. co-operative federalism

5.3.5. co-operative individualism

5.4. Anthony Crosland - Keynesian economics

5.4.1. Keynes

5.4.2. Textbook

5.4.3. Keynesian economics

5.4.4. criticism of Marxism/Revisionism

5.4.5. rejection of nationalisation as central goal of Labour Party

5.4.6. political values of personal liberty, social welfare and equality

5.5. Anthony Giddens - The third way

5.5.1. Textbook

5.5.2. rejection of traditional conception of socialism

5.5.3. the ‘Third Way’

5.5.4. combination of right wing economics and left wing social policies ("fiscally conservative, socially liberal")

6. Types

6.1. Fundamentalist

6.1.1. Classical Marxism

6.1.1.1. Capitalism to socialism to communism

6.1.1.2. Big role for capitalism!

6.1.1.3. Alienation

6.1.1.4. Dialectical materialism

6.1.1.5. Class consciousness

6.1.1.6. International

6.1.1.7. Mechanism = revolution

6.1.2. Marxism-Leninism

6.1.2.1. Doesn't require capitalist stage in dialectic

6.1.2.2. Vanguard elite

6.1.2.3. Dictatorship of the proletariat - democratic centralism

6.1.2.4. Socialism in one country doctrine

6.1.2.5. Mechanism = revolution

6.1.3. Democratic Socialism

6.1.3.1. Mechanism = inevitability of gradualism

6.1.3.2. Keynesian economics

6.1.4. Euro-Communism

6.1.4.1. Cultural vanguard

6.1.4.2. Mechanism = ballot box via gradualism and cultural hegemony shift

6.1.4.3. No need for revolution or dictatorship of the proletariat

6.1.5. Neo-Marxism

6.1.5.1. Cultural vanguard

6.1.5.2. Mechanism = spontaneous revolution

6.1.5.3. Mishmash of ideas based on classical Marxism

6.2. Revisionist

6.2.1. Classical Revisionism

6.2.1.1. Mixed economy = socialism and capitalism can co-exist

6.2.1.2. Mechanism = gradual adaptation of capitalism enables more socialist state

6.2.2. Social Democracy

6.2.2.1. Keynesian economics

6.2.2.2. Managed / reformed capitalism

6.2.2.3. Mechanism = None (co-exist). Gradual adaptation of capitalism enables more socialist state

6.2.3. Third Way

6.2.3.1. Fiscally conservative and socially liberal

6.2.3.2. Close to paternalistic conservatism?

6.2.3.3. Capitalism with a social conscious?

6.2.3.4. Is it truly socialist?

6.2.3.5. Mechanism = None (co-exist). Gradual adaptation of capitalism enables more socialist state

7. Core beliefs

7.1. Collectivism

7.2. Individuals are a product of society

7.3. Class structure - liberation from oppression

7.4. Equality of opportunity and equality of outcome

7.5. Rejection of status quo / tradition

7.6. Things can be improved / get better

7.7. Reason over faith and superstition

7.8. Rejection of anarchism

8. Articles and Videos

8.1. Quotes

8.2. What is it? (4 mins)

8.3. Socialism: a very brief history (3 mins)

8.4. Communism v Socialism (4 mins)

8.5. Socialism in the USA (26 mins)

8.6. Guardian article: Socialism with a spine

8.7. The Economist article: The rise of socialism

8.8. Marx

8.9. Eurocommunism

8.10. Guardian article: Aspirational socialism

8.11. Guardian articles on "socialism"

8.12. Keir Starmer on socialism

8.13. Grace Blakeley article: The fight for socialism

9. Origins

9.1. Industrial revolution

9.2. Enlightenment

10. Introduction

10.1. Ambiguous

10.2. Contradictory outcomes