Ancient Greek Architecture

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Ancient Greek Architecture by Mind Map: Ancient Greek Architecture

1. Entablature

2. Orders

2.1. Doric

2.1.1. In the SHAPE! of wooden beams and pegs.

2.1.2. Emerged in mainland greece

2.1.3. Capital was plain

2.2. Ionic

2.2.1. Were more slender than Doric

2.2.2. More elaborate than the Doric

2.2.3. Capitals had scrolls

2.3. Corinthian

2.3.1. Is basically an elaboration of the Ionic type.

2.3.2. Capital shows leaves and small volutes

2.4. What Materials where used?

2.4.1. Brick and some clay were used to bulid temples, homes, Etc.

3. Frieze

4. Building materials

4.1. White limestone, slate,Timber, Clay canal tiles

5. Temples

5.1. The Parthenon

5.1.1. The name of the building came from a cult statue of Athena Parthenos housed in the eastern room of the building.

5.1.2. The building was made out of Ivory and gold

5.1.3. was sculptured by the renowned sculptor Phidias

5.1.4. It was dedicated to Athena like most Temples on the Acroplis

5.1.5. Work began on the Parthenon, built on the Acropolis, in 447 BCfinally finished in 432 BC

5.1.6. majority of the money used in the construction came from the Delian League funds.

5.1.6.1. The Delian League was a tready b/w the Greek states in league with the Persian Empire.

5.1.7. The five main instigators of the design and construction on the Parthenon were Pericles, Phidias, Kalamis, Ictinus and Calibrates.

5.1.8. around 13400 stones in the building

5.1.9. SIZE:

5.1.9.1. the dimensions of the base of the Parthenon are 69.5 meters by 30.9 meters (228.0 x 101.4 ft).

5.1.9.2. The Cella = 29.8 meters long by 19.2 meters wide (97.8 x 63.0 ft)

5.1.9.3. the Doric columns = 1.9 meters (6.2 ft) in diameter and are 10.4 meters (34.1 ft) high.

5.1.9.4. New node

5.1.10. Statue of Athena

5.1.10.1. Athena Dressed in full armour

5.1.10.2. Holding the Nike9 the Goddess of Victory

5.1.11. held large marble statues placed on corner pediments,which had depictions of Athena's life.

5.1.12. The East Pediment showed Athena's birth

5.1.13. The West pediment shows a dispute between Athena and Poseidon over control of Athens

5.2. The Acropolis

5.2.1. The Sacred Rock

5.2.2. There are many Acropolises in Greece but the Acropolis of Athens is the best known.

5.2.3. Built of Limestone

5.2.4. Built on a plateau

5.2.4.1. also on the plateau includes the Likavitos hill, the Philopappos hill, the hill of the Nymphs, and the Pnyx.

5.2.5. height of about 70 meters and 300 meters long, it is 150 meters wide.

6. Bibliography

7. Tools

7.1. Crane, screws,Sheaves