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Ancient Greek Architecture by Mind Map: Ancient Greek Architecture
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Ancient Greek Architecture

Entablature

Moldings and bands which lie horizontally above column, resting Capitals

Orders

Doric

In the SHAPE! of wooden beams and pegs.

Emerged in mainland greece

Capital was plain

Ionic

Were more slender than Doric

More elaborate than the Doric

Capitals had scrolls

Corinthian

Is basically an elaboration of the Ionic type.

Capital shows leaves and small volutes

What Materials where used?

Brick and some clay were used to bulid temples, homes, Etc.

Frieze

Is the wide center section part of a entablature.  Are on an Ionic or Corinthian Temple.

Building materials

White limestone, slate,Timber, Clay canal tiles

Temples

The Parthenon

The name of the building came from a cult statue of Athena Parthenos housed in the eastern room of the building.

The building was made out of Ivory and gold

was sculptured by the renowned sculptor Phidias

It was dedicated to Athena like most Temples on the Acroplis

Work began on the Parthenon, built on the Acropolis, in 447 BCfinally finished in 432 BC

majority of the money used in the construction came from the Delian League funds., The Delian League was a tready b/w the Greek states in league with the Persian Empire.

The five main instigators of the design and construction on the Parthenon were Pericles, Phidias, Kalamis, Ictinus and Calibrates.

around 13400 stones in the building

SIZE:, the dimensions of the base of the Parthenon are 69.5 meters by 30.9 meters (228.0 x 101.4 ft)., The Cella = 29.8 meters long by 19.2 meters wide (97.8 x 63.0 ft), the Doric columns = 1.9 meters (6.2 ft) in diameter and are 10.4 meters (34.1 ft) high., New node

Statue of Athena, Athena Dressed in full armour, Holding the Nike9 the Goddess of Victory

held large marble statues placed on corner pediments,which had depictions of Athena's life.

The East Pediment showed Athena's birth

The West pediment shows a dispute between Athena and Poseidon over control of Athens

The Acropolis

The Sacred Rock

There are many Acropolises in Greece but the Acropolis of Athens is the best known.

Built of Limestone

Built on a plateau, also on the plateau includes the Likavitos hill, the Philopappos hill, the hill of the Nymphs, and the Pnyx.

height of about 70 meters and 300 meters long, it is 150 meters wide.

Bibliography

http://oncampus.richmond.edu/academics/education/projects/webunits/greecerome/Greecearch1.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acropolis http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/eh351.jsp?obj_id=2384 www.crystalinks.com/greekarchitecture.html www.ancient-greece.org/architecutre.html en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_architecture .ancient-greece.org/history/acropolis.html http://news.softpedia.com/news/Why-Ancient-Greeks-Only-Built-Temples-in-Specific-Locations-103433.shtml   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympeion Athens and the Peloponnses - Athena and the mainland Athens- by Mike Gerrard Living in Ancient Greece - Don Nardo The History of Greece and Rome - Michael Grant Eastern Asia and Classical Greece - J.M. Roberts Ancient Greeks world - Divid Sacks The Greek World - Robert Ling greek art - By John Boardman Greek Architecture - By A.W Lawrence      

Tools

Crane, screws,Sheaves