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Ancient Greece Architecture by Mind Map: Ancient Greece Architecture
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Ancient Greece Architecture

Temples

Acropolis

finest and greatest sanctuary of Ancient athens

dedicated to goddess Athena

dominates center of modern city

Acropolis of 5th century BC reflects the power and wealth of Athens at its greatest peak of the golden age of Pericles

The Parthenon

temple of greek goddess Athena

most important surviving building of Classical Greece

regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece and Athenian democracy

one of the worlds greatest cultural monuments

The Temple of Athena Nike

important location of a sanctuary dating back to Mycenaean era

strategically located in way that protects the south flank

early in history it was a place of worship for deities associated with wars.

The Temple of Sybil

one of the earliest surviving examples of the concrete construction

built during 1st century BC

Housing

structure

made of sun dried brick on a foundation of stones, often crumbles not a very dependable material

roofs made of overlapping clay tiles

andron room floor was tiled, the rest of houses have dirt floors

most had courtyards

center of all activity

divided into areas for men and areas for women

separate entrance to street so men did not have to cross the women paths

had one or two private rooms

Andron was a room where males could entertain male guests

limited amount of furniture in every house

Materials

Unbaked clay

terracotta

plaster

wood

limestone and marble

Theater

structure

core of Greek theater is orchestra

later theaters suggest that original orchestras were full circles

on far side of orchestra was the stage building, where actors would change, store clothing, props, etc.

audience sat in the "theatron", semi circular terraced rows of benches

large

often located in or near sanctuaries

because of close connection to religion

open air

male actors portrayed female characters

all actors wore masks

Greek orders

Doric order

Simplest

no base

shaft is plain

capitals were a circle topped by a square above shaft

Parthenon is a Doric building

Ionic order

shafts were taller than doric

large bases

capitals had scrolls above the shaft

more decorative then doric

temple of athena nike in athens is a ionic building

Corinthian order

most decorative

usually most modern people like it

use entasis to make shafts look straight

capitals have flowers and leaves below a small scroll

shafts have flutes

base the same as the Ionic

example is of the Temple of the Sybil in Rome

Romans used Corinthian order more than the Greeks

Bibliography

http://export.writer.zoho.com/index.do?displayall=true&ticket=e6dd5551b7f3e3eaabea329b716c57ba&v=1235077668197&selectedFolderId=folder#