Greek Philosophy

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Greek Philosophy by Mind Map: Greek Philosophy

1. Plato

1.1. 428-348B.C.E.

1.2. Ethics and politics

1.3. The Academy


1.4.1. "A good decision is based on knowledge and not on numbers."

2. Hellenistic Philosophy

2.1. Epicureans

2.1.1. sought to live in accordance with this understanding of the universe by seeking moderate pleasure in life.

2.1.2. Epicurus 341-270 B.C.E.

2.2. Stoics

2.2.1. Zeno 336-265 B.C.E

2.2.2. Zeno

2.2.3. Cicero 106-43 B.C.E

2.3. Skeptics

2.3.1. Pyrrho- 360-270 B.C.E

2.4. Cynics

2.4.1. Diogenes of Sinope- 400-325 B.C.E

3. Philosophy

3.1. Comes from Greek word Philo-loving and sophia-wisdom.

3.2. a process of rigorous inquiry, and structured argumentation through which human assumptions, opinions, and beliefs can be revealed and examined.

3.3. Three types of Philosophy

3.3.1. Metaphysics-Existence, being, and reality

3.3.2. Epistemology-Knowledge

3.3.3. Ethics-Living well and flourishing as a human

4. Early Philosophy

4.1. Same as Presocratic Philosophy

4.1.1. Thales

4.1.2. Anaximander

4.1.3. Anaximenes

4.1.4. Heraclitus

4.1.5. Democritus

4.1.6. Empedocles

4.1.7. Zeno

4.1.8. Parmenides

4.2. Cosmology

4.2.1. Study of nature

5. Bibliography

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6. Socrates

6.1. 469-399 B.C.E.

6.2. conversation and cross examination

6.3. "How should one live"

6.4. attacked sophist

6.5. Socratic Method

6.6. Athenian hoplite

6.7. Teacher of Plato

6.8. Quote

6.8.1. "As for me, all I know is that I know nothing."

7. Aristotle

7.1. 384-322 B.C.E

7.2. Plato's Pupil

7.2.1. "While both are dear, piety requires us to honor truth above our friends"

7.3. Lyceum

7.4. The complete works of Aristotle

7.5. the Nicomachean Ethics

7.6. Quote

7.6.1. "A friend is a second self."

7.7. Father of botany, zoology, physics, linguistics, and logic.

7.8. Both scientist and philosopher

8. Presocratic Philosophy-Before Socrates

8.1. Two fundamental assumptions

8.1.1. If we wish to understand things thoroughly we must understand its origins.

8.1.2. a reasoned explanation of causes of things is both possible and profitable.

8.2. Presocratic Philosophers

8.2.1. Early Pre-Socratic philosophers sought to identify a primarily material substance of the world.

8.2.2. Thales 620-527 B.C. Father of Philosophy Had no written records Believed that all things were made of the same basic element, water. More mathematician than Philosopher Remembered for his famous theorem

8.2.3. Anaximander 610-546 B.C. Thought the universe came from one substance Came from Miletus Questioned mythes, the heaven and the gods First meteorologist founded the science of geography and astronomy apeiron

8.2.4. Anaximenes 585-525 B.C

8.2.5. Heraclitus 535-475 B.c. embraced change as constant movement between opposites within an ordered pair reasonable cosmological system. Quote "it is not possible to step twice in the same river."

8.2.6. Democritus 460-370 B.C.E.

8.2.7. Empedocles 484 B.C.E.-424 B.C.E. universe made from four elements

8.2.8. Parmenides 585 B.C.E.

8.2.9. Pre-Socratic philosophy and Geometry Pythagoras 571-497 Pythagoreans 1. Is the world governed by abstract mathematical principles or not 2. How can we use this knowledge to do something practical. The universal formula

9. Sophists-"wise guys", "learned experts"

9.1. Believed that knowledge is situational or relative.

9.2. used rhetorical argumentation to point out contradictions in traditional values and knowledge.

9.3. Sophist Philosophers

9.3.1. Protagoras 490-420 B.C.E Quotes As to gods, I have no way of knowing either that they exist or do not exist, or what they are like. Protagoras Man is the measure of all things. The Athenians are right to accept advice from anyone, since it is incumbent on everyone to share in that sort of excellence, or else there can be no city at all. First Sophist Taught grammar, rhetorical, and interpretations of poetry. Believed that.... 1. That man is the measure of all things. 2. That he could make the worse argument seem stronger 3. That one could not tell if the gods exist or not.

9.3.2. Gorgias 483-376 B.C.E Sicilian Philosopher, orator, and rhetorician Quote In arguing one should meet serious pleading with humor, and humor with serious pleading.

9.3.3. Isocrates 436-338 B.C.E. Isocrates Philosophy Quote

10. Athenian Philosophy

10.1. Athens; center of Greek Philosophy

10.2. Shift from cosmology to human affairs