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The Caste System by Mind Map: The Caste System
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The Caste System

The system of governemnt and social hierarchy in India. Continues to shape peoples' lives. Abolished in 1949, yet is supposed to be dead, but it still lives in the minds of Indians.   By Julia Rice

Beginning of Caste System

Theories

Religious, Explains the creation of the four varnas, however not how they were founded, The order of the organs is the order of the society, Brain to feet.

Biological, Diet and Food, Inherit qualities, Good, Savvta, Rajas, Bad, Tamas

Aryan Rule

Aryans entered at about 1500 BC from Northern Asia an Europe., As a result, they pushed all the locals out

Divided into three varnas, Rajayana, Brahmans, Vaisia, Sudra Varna was in between outcasts and Varnas, they were the simple workers of society

Made new rules, Varnas, Could only be a businessman, priest, or warrior, Anything else was outcasted, Inherit professions, Jat.- in Indian

Non- Aryan rule, Anyone who conquered India (Greeks and Huns), would fit into the Sudra Castes and not the original three., polluting jobs were in the outcasts, non-polluting jobs were in the Sudra Caste

Hindu rule

Adopted it into their own religion, Thought that if they upheld their caste, then they would get to know God., Everything that went into the system had to be related to the Vedas

Helped maintain the structure of the Caste System, Reincarnation, Cycle of Birth, Maintained purity

The world would not function in the way God wanted it to, if any outsider came into the caste.

Non-Hindus

Anyone who religiously does not belong to any of the varnas is an outcast/ untouchable

Supposed to be untouchables

Not actually treated badly

Some tribes live in jungles of India

Christianity

Encourage discrimination of Castes

Catholic, Dalit Catholics, Higher Catholics, Have more power over the churchs

Grouping goes by location and church administrative jobs

Treated differently in different parts of the country

Islam

Were powerful to the Hindus, Tried to convert Hindus, Once you converted you stayed in the same caste usually

Sections, Some are rivals

Ashrafs, Have a superior status because of their Arab ancestry

Ajlafs, Assumed as converts from Hinduism, therefore have lower status

Arzal, Equivalent to untouchables

Buddhism

Have something like the caste system

Criticized India Caste System

Developed in India

Judaism

Bene Israel in West India. South India  called Cochini Jews

In western India

Treated like untouchables

Three main communities, Bene Israel, Cochini Jews, Baghdadis

Sikhism and Jainism

Have traces of Caste System but Sikhism rejects it

Believe in equality

Occupations

Ordained by the order of divinity in the universe. These orders of occupations keep India from becoming chaotic.

Brahmans

Created from Head of Purush in the religious story.

Priests

Scholars

Intellectuals

Kshatriyas

Created from the hands of Purush.

Goverenment

Rulers

Military

Vaisyas

Created from the thighs of Purush

Merchants

Trainers

Farmers

Sudras

Created from Purushs feet.  In the beginning, they were demoted as the people that were taken over in the caste system. They aren't the untouchables, they are a step above.

Peasants bound to the land.

Rules of Occupations

Women forced to marry inside the caste so that the tradition kept going

Occupations passed down from father to son

One was always guranteed a spot in the castes, but could never climb up to a higher caste.

Untouchables

One of the cruelist parts about the caste system. The people that were dirtier than dirt.

The outcasts of the caste system

They are too dirty to touch the cleanliness of the higher Varnas

Jobs

Unclean, polluting jobs, worked nights and stayed in during the day

Example: working at a factory; or dump; or eating, meat and occupation involving meat

Restrictions

No contact with orthodox hindus, If they come in contact, the person of that varna must be cleansed. (twice born), If anything was touched in a house or temple it must be washed immediately

Not allowed to enter the home or temple of the different, higher varnas

No rights in society

Not allowed to take water from the same well

Consequence for interacting with the other varnas is death or serious beatin

Most converted to Islam, Buddhism and Christianity because of the discrimination

Ghandi changed name to Harijans "Children of God"

Then changed to Dalit- meaning depressed

Modern Caste System

Democratic, socialist, and secular country

"burn hatred, not children"

Untouchability is forbidden

Only positive discrimination is allowed

Caste is used instead of Varna or Jat

More flexible about mingling castes in most places

takes time to move into the higher castes.

must start behaving like them to try and get into the higher caste

have to work to become what you want, you don't always have to be born into it

Higher Castes

Still discriminate negatively

Lower Castes

Three catergories, Scheduled Castes, Consist of unotuchables even thought eh untouchables don't exist that much anymore, Dalit- meaning depressed, Scheduled Tribes, Also called aborginals, Don't except the caste system and live in the jungles and forests of India, Backward Classes, People of the Sudra Varna, People who have been untouchables and converted to Hinduism, Criminals

Positive Discrimination policy, Different for each government state, Different communities get different figures of positive discrimination, Created new tensions, Higher Castes felt discriminated because they had to reserve spots for the backwards classes, Backwards classes were given spot even if they weren't worthy, just to fill the quota, Identity structure, who should be able to be positively discriminated against, All up to the government, if your status changes, you still are entitled to positive discrimination

In the Rural area, they are still treated like untouchables, They are put on the east because the wind blows west to east and the higher castes don't want to be contaminated by the lower castes.

Bibliography