The system of governemnt and social hierarchy in India. Continues to shape peoples' lives. Abolished in 1949, yet is supposed to be dead, but it still lives in the minds of Indians. By Julia Rice
Religious, Explains the creation of the four varnas, however not how they were founded, The order of the organs is the order of the society, Brain to feet.
Biological, Diet and Food, Inherit qualities, Good, Savvta, Rajas, Bad, Tamas
Aryans entered at about 1500 BC from Northern Asia an Europe., As a result, they pushed all the locals out
Divided into three varnas, Rajayana, Brahmans, Vaisia, Sudra Varna was in between outcasts and Varnas, they were the simple workers of society
Made new rules, Varnas, Could only be a businessman, priest, or warrior, Anything else was outcasted, Inherit professions, Jat.- in Indian
Non- Aryan rule, Anyone who conquered India (Greeks and Huns), would fit into the Sudra Castes and not the original three., polluting jobs were in the outcasts, non-polluting jobs were in the Sudra Caste
Adopted it into their own religion, Thought that if they upheld their caste, then they would get to know God., Everything that went into the system had to be related to the Vedas
Helped maintain the structure of the Caste System, Reincarnation, Cycle of Birth, Maintained purity
The world would not function in the way God wanted it to, if any outsider came into the caste.
Supposed to be untouchables
Not actually treated badly
Some tribes live in jungles of India
Encourage discrimination of Castes
Catholic, Dalit Catholics, Higher Catholics, Have more power over the churchs
Grouping goes by location and church administrative jobs
Treated differently in different parts of the country
Were powerful to the Hindus, Tried to convert Hindus, Once you converted you stayed in the same caste usually
Sections, Some are rivals
Ashrafs, Have a superior status because of their Arab ancestry
Ajlafs, Assumed as converts from Hinduism, therefore have lower status
Arzal, Equivalent to untouchables
Have something like the caste system
Criticized India Caste System
Developed in India
Bene Israel in West India. South India called Cochini Jews
In western India
Treated like untouchables
Three main communities, Bene Israel, Cochini Jews, Baghdadis
Have traces of Caste System but Sikhism rejects it
Believe in equality
Ordained by the order of divinity in the universe. These orders of occupations keep India from becoming chaotic.
Created from Head of Purush in the religious story.
Created from the hands of Purush.
Created from the thighs of Purush
Created from Purushs feet. In the beginning, they were demoted as the people that were taken over in the caste system. They aren't the untouchables, they are a step above.
Peasants bound to the land.
Women forced to marry inside the caste so that the tradition kept going
Occupations passed down from father to son
One was always guranteed a spot in the castes, but could never climb up to a higher caste.
One of the cruelist parts about the caste system. The people that were dirtier than dirt.
They are too dirty to touch the cleanliness of the higher Varnas
Unclean, polluting jobs, worked nights and stayed in during the day
Example: working at a factory; or dump; or eating, meat and occupation involving meat
No contact with orthodox hindus, If they come in contact, the person of that varna must be cleansed. (twice born), If anything was touched in a house or temple it must be washed immediately
Not allowed to enter the home or temple of the different, higher varnas
No rights in society
Not allowed to take water from the same well
Then changed to Dalit- meaning depressed
"burn hatred, not children"
Only positive discrimination is allowed
Caste is used instead of Varna or Jat
takes time to move into the higher castes.
must start behaving like them to try and get into the higher caste
have to work to become what you want, you don't always have to be born into it
Still discriminate negatively
Three catergories, Scheduled Castes, Consist of unotuchables even thought eh untouchables don't exist that much anymore, Dalit- meaning depressed, Scheduled Tribes, Also called aborginals, Don't except the caste system and live in the jungles and forests of India, Backward Classes, People of the Sudra Varna, People who have been untouchables and converted to Hinduism, Criminals
Positive Discrimination policy, Different for each government state, Different communities get different figures of positive discrimination, Created new tensions, Higher Castes felt discriminated because they had to reserve spots for the backwards classes, Backwards classes were given spot even if they weren't worthy, just to fill the quota, Identity structure, who should be able to be positively discriminated against, All up to the government, if your status changes, you still are entitled to positive discrimination
In the Rural area, they are still treated like untouchables, They are put on the east because the wind blows west to east and the higher castes don't want to be contaminated by the lower castes.