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Hindu Art by Mind Map: Hindu Art
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Hindu Art

Hindu Sculpture

Styles

Religious Sculpture, the majority of Hindu sculpture depicts the gods and goddesses, these sculptures are are a pathway to the gods; a way to communicate with the divine, most sculptures depict the gods Hanuman, Vishnu, Krishna, and Lakshmi, these statues are often placed in worship rooms in homes, as a way to connect with the gods during worship, these statues are very intracatley crafted and carved

Other styles of sculpture display, some Hindu sculptures depict temples, temples in the home are yet another way to connect with their faith at home, these tend to be the largest sculptures, ranging up to ten feet wide

Materials

some materials used are bronze, copper, stone, clay, and resin, clay and stone are most commonly used, this is because they cost less, so during holidays they can be created and soon after be destroyed without the loss of too much money, in the beggining, only stone and bronze were used to carve

Hindu Architecture

Styles

Temples, Has multiple rooms, The sanctuary, a place for prayer, of which the upper and outer pyramidacal and tapeering portion is called the shikhara, Vimana, a rather dark and gloomy place, houses the divine deity, Shikhara, the pinnacle, Garbha Grifa, small area, literally meaning the womb house, Mandapa, pillared hall, Roof architecture, In some parts of india, he ascending pyramid roof format was not followed., the roofs in these tempels are still pyramidical, but was formed of layers, New node, A courtyard would be built around the temples temporaroly, sometimes whole walls would be built around the temple to secure seclusion, The outside walls were treated by carving in an orderly group of repetitive miniatures, The shikhar or tapering roof was specifically based on this design, these designs may have originated from the domed huts of central and eastern India., two types of archetectural style, Nagara, The tower is beehive shaped, used more in northern India, Dravida, The tower consists of progressively smaller storeys of pavilions., used more in south India, the temple is representation of the macrocosm(the universe) and microcosm(the inner space)

Homes, most homes are very simple, almost all Hindu homes are equiped with a worship room, these rooms are filled with mini statues of deities, and sometimes incence, very simple and calm, to bring serenity to the person worshipping/praying to the gods, Vaastu Shastra, in sanskrit, vaastu means a building or structure, the expression “vaastu shastra” is the science of structure, Hindus believe that there are forces around them at all time, some positive and some negative, sorrounding us at all times, there are ways of construction that are believed to increase this positive energy, by increasing positive energy, it will increase wealth, happiness, and harmony for the residents

Materials

most popular materials, stone is most commonly used, stone is used more now because it lasts for centuries longer, a, also much easier to carve into

in the early years of Hindu Architecture, they used brick and wood

Main Time Periods of Hindu Art

THE GUPTA PERIOD

4th - 6th centuries, the major trends of Hinduism had crystallized, In addition to the division of society into castes came a partitioning of the Hindu religion into sects and devotional cults., The iconic forms of Hindu gods also became more fixed and codified during this period., along with all of the political stabalism, art changed, now about 90% of art was of the gods and goddesses, many more temples now then there was during early hindu art, Hinduism also benefited from royal support and therefore the religion retained the popularity that it has once lost to Buddhism retained the supremacy that it had lost to Buddhism., Hinduism's Ramayana and Mahabarata stories were popular, Chandra Gupta II died in 415 and was succeeded by his son, Kumara Gupta, who maintained India's peace and prosperity

artists, Nihâl Chand., most famous artist during this time

also known as the Golden age

Hindu Painting

Styles

in Hindu Art, the deities are the most popular to paint, they are often drawn curvy, and voluptious, it is holy to have pictures of the gods in your home; they will bring you prosperity and good luck

Materials

oil paint is used

paint is painted onto silk, and paper, on ocassion, paintings will be painted on a marble top

"Om. Painting cleanses the mind and curbs anxiety, augments future good, causes the greatest delight, kills the evils of bad dreams and pleases the household deity. Painting is the best of all arts and is conducive to dharma (right conduct) and moksha (emancipation)" Vishnudharmottara

this quote describes the importance of painting in the Hindu culture, and its relevance to dharma

Bibliography