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Vedanta Philosophy by Mind Map: Vedanta Philosophy
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Vedanta Philosophy


Religious beginnings

Used religion to teach philosophy

Rise of dissension

dissenters argued against religion

gave rise to schools of thought

Golden period

All schools could speak and argue freely

Most people adored philosophers, attended staged debates

philosophers were funded by nobility, princes gave out cash prizes for debate winners, also taken in and supported by all classes


Dissension got out of hand

Rise of Budhhism, Much of India converted, More attention was given to Buddhist philosophers


Schools of thought

Nyaya, focuses on logic, trusts slightly more in the senses

Mimansa, Also called 'Purva Mimansa"

Vaisheshika, similar to Western scientific method, theory of "atoms", everything made out of pieces too small to be divided, made of earth, air, fire, or water, atoms "activated" by the gods

No actual buildings for distinct schools

buildings for debates and lectures


Sri Ramakrishna

considered the father of modern Vedanta

turned Vivekananda back to Hinduism

taught tolerance of all religions, converted to Islam, Christianity, and Judaism for brief stints

Swami Vivekananda

brought vedanta to West, speaker for Hinduism at first World Conference on Religion

Educated in England, returned to Vedanta by Sri Ramakrishna


One of the main writers of the Upanishads

Gautama Bhudda

considered an avatar of Vishnu

one of the greatest dissenters

founder of Bhuddism, Hindu philosophies, No Hindu gods

Adi Shankara

famous for consolidating many threads into Vedanta


Body and Spirit

Spirit, Infinite consciousness, there for all time, goes on forever, All things are part of consciousness, matter is an illusion, One can "reconnect" through meditation

Duality, Parallels in Western philosophy, Descartes, Kant, Plato, Hume, Not true duality, since matter and spirit are not equal

Body, Matter is just a trick of the senses, senses need to be overcome to reach unity, achieved through discipline and training, yogas, meditation

Place in the world

senses are not enough to know, Can only be learned through higher states of consciousness

intellect is inadequate, not equal to greater consciousness, since only the great consciousness can perceive what it is

the only valuable goal is enlightenment, also known as moksha

Space, time, etc.

time goes through cycles of birth and death

all material things are part of the greater consciousness



Raja Yoga, Also known as classical yoga

Bhakti Yoga

Jhana Yoga

Karma Yoga, focused on action, focus on attaining good karma

A prescribed path to spiritual life

tools to reach higher levels of consciousness, discipline body, broaden and open mind

Union with supreme consciousness



Upanishads, choice wisdom from teachers, not a consistent system, main outlet for philosophical theory

Gitas, Bhagavad-Gita, elaborates on the relationship between yoga and philosophy

Religious Epics

Works, Mhabarat, Ramayana, Showed philosophical ideas through metaphor

Anne Meeker, Mr. Huston's WHI, 8th period