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Goldstein's Laughter Out of Place by Mind Map: Goldstein's Laughter Out of Place
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Goldstein's Laughter Out of Place

Introduction, "Hard Laughter"

Humor as a theme

Humor as a theme

Residents of the "shantytowns" feel separate from outside forces

shantytowns are populated largely by people living poor or in povertyThe people in these towns are at the mercy of forces beyond their control

Laughter was everywhere

It seemed as if the laughter was a sort of running commentary about the political and economic influences on their lives

Chapter 1, Laughter "Out of Place"

First Arrival

arrives for New Years and becomes familiar with the rich traditions of Brazil

Scholar In Training

During undergraduate years, became active in US-Latin-America relations As a graduate student, began studying anthropology in Rio; AIDS and women

Carnival

Many scholars believe it is central to Brazilian consciousness Everything is permissible, but men have a wider freedom The real truth was that the everyday experiences in the shantytowns truly represented life, not the Carnival

Aim was not only to explain why something was funny, but to capture the ethnographic context

Chapter 2, The Aesthetics of Domination

Domestic Work

One of the lowest paying jobs with a disproportionately high number of Afro-Brazilian women working

Workers wages are not enough to live on

Middle class is defined by the ability to pay someone else to do their manual labor

The more workers someone employs, the more prestige they have It is through these employer-employee relationships that the working class become involved in the lives of the elite

Public schools are mediocre, so good schooling is not available to the poor. limiting their opportunities

Laughter Out of Place

Laughing while watching telenovelas, for instance, and during the tragedies of the rich is a way of separating them from the absurd conditions that they live in in reality It elevates and sustains families, solidifying class and cultural distinctions

Chapter 4, No Time for Childhood

Pedro Paulo

-Gloria's son -killed due to drug-related activities thought thatt the job of the man wa to put food on the table; if this is done, he may have as many women as he wants -hated abortion -double standard on fidelity

Chapter 3, Color-Blind Erotic Democracies

When Eliana is seen with her light-skinned grandson, it is assumed that she is the lower-class nanny and he is the upper-class whit child

Living in a favela is an automatic class marker in Brazil

-those with "whiter" characteristics are believed to have a better chance at getting a good job, although research says otherwise

European men and "Indian" women began mixing races (1800's, Freyre)

-women of color "offer themselves"to the whites (according to Freyre)-racial purification, rape

Chapter 5, State Terror, Gangs, and Everyday Violence in Rio de Janeiro

Violent Crime

-worst in the poorest communities -favelas have reputation for harboring criminals -cycles of calm and violence

Chapter 6, Partial Truths, or the Carnivalization of Desire

Sexuality and Poverty

The Carnivalization of Desire

Sexual Culture in Felicidade Eterna

From Boys to Men: Normative Masculinization and Heterosexuality

Sacanagem

Partial Truths

Chapter 7, What's So Funny About Rape

Marila's failed attempt to murder her husband

Evening of Terror

Battling Mothers and Daughters

Legal Universe and Rape

Black Humor as the Only Response

Conclusions