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Ramayana by Mind Map: Ramayana
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Ramayana

facts

it is common to be raised hearing Ramayana

people are considered ignorant if they dont know the story

now televised

teaches people to believe

art of Ramayana is popular

has been a spoken story since 1500 BC

characters

Rama - one of the incarnations of Vishnu as well as the king of Ayodhya and main character of Ramayana

Sita - incarnation of Lakshmi and Rama's wife who is captured by Ravana

Ravana - evil king of Sri Lanka who lives in palace where he brings Sita and tries to get her to accept his proposal of marriage

Hanuman - the monkey general who is highly devoted to Rama and helps him greatly

Sugriva - king of the monkeys who makes sure all the monkeys try to help Rama

Lakshmana - Rama's half brother who thinks the world of him and is always by his side

the chapters

Bala Kanda

Rama and Lakshmana, as well as their siblings are born

Rama strings the bow of King Janaka of Videha

the king gives his daughter Sita to Rama

Ayodhya Kanda

Ramas father gets old

wants to make Rama king

Ramas father's mistress reminds him of her one wish that must be granted for giving him children

she banishes Rama for fourteen years and makes her son Bharata heir to the throne

Sita and Lakshmana go with him

Their father dies and Bharata is supposed to be king but says it is Ramas throne

Aranya Kanda

Rama partakes in many battles with demons

Ravana is told by his sister of Sita's beauty

kidnaps Sita

Kishkindha-Kanda

Rama meets the monkeys

they know that Sita is in Lanka

Sundara-Kanda

Hanuman flew across the ocean

then made himself a cat and crept around the town

Yuddha-Kanda

they build a bridge to Lanka

ocean god helps them get across the ocean

many battles and Hanuman finds herbs that cure Rama and Lakshmana at once

Rama kills Ravana

Rama gets Sita back but says he cannot be with her because she lived in another mans house

Sita goes into the fire to prove she did nothing wrong, Agni, the fire god tells Rama she is pure

Rama becomes king

Uttara-Kanda

Rama's people are mad that he took Sita back

Lakshmana takes Sita to the Ganges and deserts her

she has twins, Kusha and Lava

Rama meets his sons when they recite Ramayana to him at a festival

Rama makes Sita vow that these are his sons

the earth swallows her

Rama gives his power to his sons and goes to heaven to be with Sita

history

Ramayana is as large as the bible and it has been known to man since 700 BCE when it was written by Valmiki in Sanscrit

mainly talks about Rama as a hero

Written in verses called Sloka, in Sanskrit, and in Anustup

Sanskrit is an ancient Indian language

the verses are divided into chapters called Sargas

specific events or stories are told within the Sargas

the Sargas are then divided into books called Kaandas

Kaanda refers to the stem of sugar cane

Kaanda can also refer to a particular story or event while a story is read

different versions

Indian Version

Tulsidas Ramayana is the most popular version

Goswami Tulsidas rewrote the Tulsidas Ramayana in 1574 and focused more on the fact that Rama was an incarnation of Vishnu

Kamban Ramayana is another popular version but mostly in Tamil Nadu, written in Tamil

some parts of the story were rewritten to better show the ideas of Tamil

Out of India Version

Thailand, form of Ramakian is the national epic, tells more about Ramas battle with Totsaken, little plot change, but some, Sita only gives birth to one son. The magician then gives her a second, most of the religious aspects are taken out because the Thai people are mostly Buddhists

Indonesia, the only way it is preformed is as a puppet show, plot is mainly the same, Ramas mother is paralyzed, Shatrugna, Ramas third brother does not exist, stories of the characters are different

Rama

devoted son

fullfilled his dharma

most well known incarnation of Vishnu

his father loved him more than his other sons

Prince and then king of Ayodhya

loyal husband

Bibliography