Linguistics

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Linguistics by Mind Map: Linguistics

1. Applied linguistics

1.1. Forensic linguistics

1.1.1. Language of legal texts

1.1.1.1. something very different from ordinary speech.

1.1.1.2. tends to have its own stereotypical format

1.2. Language acquisition

1.2.1. First-language acquisition

1.2.1.1. refers to the way us learn our native language

1.2.2. Second-language acquisition

1.3. Ethnolinguistics

1.3.1. ethnic types and behaviour

1.4. Applied linguistics

1.4.1. applies equally to several other fields

1.5. Neurolinguistics

1.5.1. brain's control over the processes of speech and understanding

1.6. Psycholinguistics

1.6.1. linguistics behaviour - memory, attention

2. Level of linguistics analysis

2.1. Syntax

2.1.1. The formation of phrases and sentences

2.2. Semantics

2.2.1. The interpretation of words and sentences

2.2.2. The study of meaning in all its aspects

2.3. Semiotics

2.3.1. focuses on theories of language structure

2.4. Morphology

2.4.1. The formation of Words

2.4.2. The study of words

2.5. Pragmatics

2.5.1. the study of the use of natural language in communication

2.6. Phonetics

2.6.1. The articulation and perception of speech sounds

2.7. Phonology

2.7.1. The study of the organization of the units of the sounds of speech into syllables

3. University thoughts

3.1. Functionalism

3.1.1. Discourse grammar

3.1.2. Lexical functional grammar

3.2. Cognitivism

3.2.1. Cognitive semantics

3.2.2. Cognitive phonology

3.2.2.1. usually thought of as the study of the 'sound systems' of languages.

3.2.3. Cognitive approaches to grammar

3.2.3.1. conceptualization

4. Dimension of linguistics

4.1. Descriptive

4.1.1. establishing the facts of a particular language system

4.2. Diachronic

4.2.1. The study of language change

4.2.2. Historical development of the language through time

4.3. Synchronic

4.3.1. The study of language states, regardless of their history

4.4. Theoretical

4.4.1. establishing general principles for the study of all languages

4.5. Comparative

4.5.1. focus on similarities and differences b/w languages

4.6. Ethymology

4.6.1. the history of a word or word element, including its origins and derivation.