Articles and Nouns

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Articles and Nouns by Mind Map: Articles and Nouns

1. Grammar

1.1. Grammar studies the way in which rules are constructed and the definition of words, which defines the grammatical structure of sentences, words, phrases and complete texts. Grammar is also known as the study of how words are used to form sentences correctly.

2. Prescriptive Grammar

2.1. Are a set of rules based on how people approach how a language should or should not be used.

2.1.1. Example: "She don´t know him". would be incorrect. Te correct form would be: "She doesn´t know him.

3. Descriptive Grammar

3.1. Is an objective description of the grammatical constructions of a language. It focuses on describing the language as it is used and not on how it should be used.

3.1.1. Example: "I am older than her". Subject pronouns ( she, he, it) are paired with a verb, whereas object pronouns ( her, him, it) are not. Since the phrase "than her" doesn´t have a verb we can see or hear.

4. Articles

4.1. Indefinite Articles:

4.1.1. When you are talking about things that are singular, countable, and indefinite you can use the indefinite article a and an.

4.1.1.1. a)Indefinite article a is used before words starting with consonants sounds.

4.1.1.1.1. A book

4.1.1.2. b)Indefinite article an is used before words starting with vowel sounds.

4.1.1.2.1. An idiom

4.2. Definitve Articles:

4.2.1. If you are talking about a definite thing, person, place, idea or a noun you have mentioned before, you use the definite article “the” no matter the number, just the fact that it was mentioned before, or the receptor already knows what you are talking about.

4.2.1.1. Singular

4.2.1.1.1. The cellphone I bought is amazing.

4.2.1.2. Plural

4.2.1.2.1. The funny teachers are the best.

5. Nouns

5.1. Concrete Nouns

5.1.1. A concrete noun is the noun to name things that you can recognized with any of your senses.

5.1.1.1. Concrete Nouns: rainbow Example: there is always a rainbow after a rain.

5.2. Abstract Nouns

5.2.1. An abstract noun is a noun to name features, ideas, or qualities.

5.2.1.1. Abstract noun: love Example: do you believe in love?

5.3. Singular Nouns

5.3.1. singular noun is the noun to name one person, place, thing, or idea.

5.3.1.1. Singular Nouns: vet Example: you must take the cat to a vet.

5.4. Plural Nouns

5.4.1. A plural noun is the noun to name more than one person, place, thing or idea.

5.4.1.1. Plural Nouns: cities. Example: Ely´s dream is to visit the best cities in the world.

5.5. Uncountable Nouns

5.5.1. These nouns can name most of the abstract ideas, things like powders, liquids, gases, and qualities. you cannot use numbers to count them, instead there can be used words named quantifier

5.5.1.1. Uncountable Nouns: money Example: could you give me some money?

5.6. Possessive Nouns

5.6.1. is the noun to show possession, ownership, or the general relationship between two nouns. When a thing belongs to someone or something, you usually add an apostrophe and an s.

5.6.1.1. Jenny´s weadding is today.

5.6.1.2. Singular Possessive Nouns

5.6.1.2.1. The rule changes, the possessive of a singular noun, even when it ends in s, is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s.

5.6.1.3. Plural Possessive Nouns

5.6.1.3.1. On the other hand, when we have a plural noun that ends in s, the possessive is formed by adding just an apostrophe

5.6.1.4. Irregular Possessive Nouns

5.6.1.4.1. As it is known, an irregular noun is a noun that changes completely to form their plural. . In this case, an irregular possessive noun is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s at the end of the word, as if the word was singular. If the irregular noun ends in s (knives) it follows the plural possessive rule, you just add an apostrophe (knives´).

5.7. Compound Nouns

5.7.1. A compound noun is a noun formed by more than one word to yield a new meaning. This type of nouns can be written in open, hyphenated, or closed.

5.7.1.1. Compound Nouns: bus stop Example: i Will wait for you at the bus stop.

5.8. Common Nouns

5.8.1. A common noun is a noun used to name things, people, places and ideas in a general way. This type of nouns refers to a not-specific name.

5.8.1.1. Children.

5.9. Propper Nouns

5.9.1. Propper Nouns on the other hand, are those nouns used to name specific things, people, ideas, or places

5.9.1.1. Status of Liberty

5.10. Collective Nouns

5.10.1. A collective noun is a noun used to name a group. It has a singular form.

5.10.1.1. Class.