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Matter by Mind Map: Matter

1. State of matter

1.1. state of matter in the Universe

1.1.1. Plasma

1.1.1.1. most like a gas.

1.1.1.2. in a mass of positively charged atoms and negatively charged electrons –

1.1.1.3. high temperature-electrons are “torn off” the atoms-

1.1.1.4. found in the space between planets, solar systems and galaxies

1.2. three different forms on Earth (states of matter)

1.2.1. solid

1.2.1.1. Matter that is composed of atoms tightly packed together

1.2.1.2. the atoms are able to vibrate

1.2.1.3. s a definite shape and volume

1.2.1.4. Examples: – Ice – Pencil

1.2.2. liquid

1.2.2.1. atoms loosely packed together

1.2.2.2. the atoms can slightly move around

1.2.2.3. Liquids take the shape of their container

1.2.2.4. Examples: – Water – Alcohol

1.2.3. gas

1.2.3.1. atoms very loosely packed together

1.2.3.2. moving around.

1.2.3.3. NOT have a definite volume or shape.

1.2.3.4. Examples: – Water Vapor – Oxygen

1.2.4. Plasma

1.2.4.1. can be found both naturally and manmade.

1.2.4.2. Lightning forms plasma momentarily

1.2.4.2.1. The heat from lightning causes the gas around it to change into plasma.

1.2.4.2.2. be man-made using electricity

2. What is the Matter?

2.1. all around you

2.1.1. in the air you breathe

2.1.1.1. make up things we touch and see

2.2. take up space with mass.

3. What the Matter made from?

3.1. tiny particles

3.1.1. e too small to be seen

3.1.1.1. are called atoms.

3.1.1.1.1. e basic building blocks of matter.

4. Is energy a matter?

4.1. No

4.1.1. Energy does not have mass

4.1.2. Energy does not have volume

4.1.3. Heat, light, electricity and sound are forms of energy

5. atoms

5.1. different atoms+atoms=all types of substances and materials in the Universe.

6. What is the phase change?

6.1. Matter can change from one form to another.

6.1.1. Freezing

6.1.2. Melting

6.1.2.1. Transition from a solid to liquid

6.1.3. Condensation

6.1.3.1. Transition from a gas to liquid

6.1.4. Evaporation

6.1.4.1. Transition from a liquid to gas

7. melting point

7.1. temperature at which a solid melts to a liquid

8. boiling point

8.1. temperature at which a liquid evaporates to a gas

9. freezing point

9.1. temperature at which a liquid freezes to a solid

10. condensation point

10.1. temperature at which a gas condenses to a liquid

11. What is the property of matter

11.1. Physica

11.1.1. using tools or our senses.

11.1.1.1. Qualitative

11.1.1.1.1. observed using your senses

11.1.1.1.2. e.g.Color, Odor ,Ta st e ,Sound, Hardness, Texture, Flexibility

11.1.2. change without the substance

11.1.2.1. Quantitative

11.1.2.1.1. use numbers or measurements to describe matter

11.1.3. e.g.Size, Color

11.2. Chemical

11.2.1. through chemical reactions

11.2.2. the ability of a substance to change its identity.

11.2.2.1. Reactivity

11.2.2.1.1. reactive

11.2.2.1.2. inert

11.2.2.2. Corrosion (Oxidation and Tarnish)

11.2.2.2.1. Oxidation

11.2.2.2.2. Tarnish

11.2.2.3. Toxicity

11.2.2.4. Flammability

11.2.2.5. Combustibility

11.2.2.6. Radioactivity

11.2.2.7. pH

11.2.2.7.1. acidic

11.2.2.7.2. basic

11.2.2.7.3. neutral

11.2.3. e.g.Reactivity

12. changing matter

12.1. Physical Change

12.1.1. reversible

12.1.1.1. Cutting Paper

12.1.1.2. Melting Ice Cream

12.2. Chemical Change

12.2.1. not reversible

12.2.1.1. Rusting Nail

12.2.1.2. Cooking Toast

12.2.2. A color change

12.2.3. A new substance produced

12.2.4. Light

12.2.5. Bubbles (gas)

12.2.6. A new smell

12.2.7. A temperature change

13. Law of Conservation of Mass

13.1. mass is conserved

13.1.1. bake a cake

13.1.2. crush a can