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South Africa by Mind Map: South Africa
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South Africa

14. Trustworthiness

Bedside teaching

Religion & Medicine

Spiritual counseling (breaking bad news)

read common Fatwa for common disease and procedure for the specialty


Clinical procedures

Clinical skills



Clinical procedures

Clinical skills


5- Teaching methods

Khoja- We should be more realistics about what can be offered and add the methods with more cost-benefit khoja: the teaching methods for the trainees and trainers (TTT)


Online modules (based on the tasks)

Online lecturing


Small group discussion, Asynchronous, discussion forums, blogs, wiki, Synchronous, live chating


The project will produce teaching materials for these face to face activities. The activities will be run by each hospital.



Small group teaching

On-job Training

khoja- how we can max the on-job training?






Projects and Administrative

2- Out-Come based Meta-Competencies

-Khoja:1 here we should use the out come based education As meta-competencies 2 each out-come may have different competencies3- what are the feasible outcome of the internship year (or 2 years :-) Amro:Please visit this map for a comprehensive view of: 1. Saudi Future Doctors Competencies (Dr. Rania Zaini Doctoral Thesis), 2. CanMEDS model

Web link

10- Quality assurance

Evaluation of teaching and learning

E-learning, Feasability, collaborative learning-knowledge construction


blue printing


Stakeholders involvement

Cont. Evaluation

6- Assessment Methods

Formative- inforamal

Portfolio / e-portfolio


Global assessment - current end-rotation evaluation !! ;-0

360 degree assessment

Summative - Formal

clinical based assessment, surgical and procedure, clinical

Peer assessment

SLE / national test :-)

End-Rotation assessment (clinical/written)

End-module assessment (E-learning)

add the assessment as a part of the bachelor degree

4- Contents

a curriculum map is needed to show when and how each competence would be covered . Khoja: we should think about  the general team before we go further step on listing the content and mapping the curriculum KHOJA: If you whant to list the topics we should start a curreculum map ... however, this would not be a good method to develop the map ... it wast the effeot and time of the people .... just thought to be concedard

Longitudinal courses

a curriculum map is needed to show when and how each competence would be covered . - Khoja: this longitudinal courses can be covered

Professionalism & Ethics, Attributes of the healer, professional & both (McGill model), 1. Caring & compassion, 2. Insight, 3. Openness, 4. Respect for the healing function, 5. Respect for patient dignity and autonomy, 6. Presence, 7. Competence, 8. Commitment, 9. Confidentiality, 10. Autonomy, 11. Altruism, 12. Integrity and honesty, 13. Morality and ethical conduct, 15. Responsibility to the profession, 16. Self-regulation, 17. Responsibility to society, 18. Teamwork, Dress code, Informed consent

Personal Leadership, Career Planning, Decision making, Process of specialty selection, Choosing the right place and settings, Job Interview skills, CV Writing skills, Personal statement skills, Options of postgraduate studies & how to prepare for them, Conflict resolution, Coping with stress, Dealing with errors, Yours, Others, Patients, Physician wellness, Self-confidence & acknowledging limitations, Time management, Punctuality

Communication skills, Physician-patient interaction, Information gathering & listening skills, Explanation & planning, decision making, negotiating, Relationship building, Counseling and psychosocial therapy, Third-party communication (significant others), Enhance patient's ability to communicate, Communication issues, Culture, ethics, gender, Special needs: elderly, young, challenged, low literacy, difficult, aggressive, Dealing with feelings, Confrontation, Breaking bad news, death, and dying, Malpractice, Communication with self, Thought process, critical reasoning and problem solving, Attitudes and feelings, Reflection & self-evaluation, Dealing with stress, Handling mistakes and failures, Biases, Communication with other professionals: coordination of care within and between teams, Colleagues in medicine, Colleagues in nursing and allied health professions, Teams, Administrators, Researchers, Making presentations, Discussion leadership, Communicating at a distance, Telephone, MEDICAL RECORDS, Written, Electronic, Fax, Letters, Computer-assisted interviewing and consultations, Telemedicine, Databases, websites, electronic networks, Newspapers, magazines, scientific journals, Communicating with the public (health promotion/advocacy), Pamphlets, brochures, posters, Radio & TV health education campaigns, Edutainment, Public speaking

Presentation Skills, Resources, Planning, Technique, Slides preparation, Clinical Presentations, At rounds, At conferences

Teamwork, Understand concept of teamwork & collaboration, Know strategies to facilitate teamwork, Ability to chair meetings, Conflict resolution

EBM, How to do a literature search?, How to critically appraise a paper?

Research Methodology, How to pose a research question?, How to choose a proper study design?, How to choose a proper statistical test?, How to write a paper?

Teaching Skills, Basics of teaching medical students, Lifelong learning

Health advocacy


a curriculum map is needed to show when and how each competence would be covered . -Khoja: for each rotation the tasks, skels and learning outcomes, assessment methods, resources should be developed

Medicine, Gastroenterology, Clinical procedures, Clinical skills, Topics, Dermatology, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics, Endocrine, Clinical procedures, Clinical skills, Topics, Pulmonology, Clinical procedures, Clinical skills, Topics

Surgery, General Surgery, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics, Neurosurgery, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics, Vascular surgery, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics, Cardiothoracic, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics, Plastic surgery, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics, ENT, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics, Ophthalmology, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics, Orthopaedics, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics

Obe/gyn, Clinical skills, neonatal resuscitation program NRP, Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO), normal vaginal delivery, assessment of normal laboring women, assessment of abnormal bleeding and treatment, clinical rounds, Clinical procedures, episiotmy, laceration, amniotomy, basic surgical skils, CTG application, Topics, Labor, abnormal bleeding, emergency obstetrics and gynecology

Pediatrics, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics

ER, Clinical skills, BCLS, ACLS, ATLS (?TEAM), Conscious sedation, ALSO, NRP, Clinical procedures, Topics

Family Medicine, Clinical skills, Clinical procedures, Topics


Task-based education

1- Core (Package :-) )and must to cover, EBM, CPR (BLS ACLS), Trauma, HTN, DM, BA, Well-Baby, NRP, Communication skills, Common public heath problems, ALSO

2- common clinical presentations

3- Great to cover, Research skills, Teaching skills

3- Methods, strategies, approaches for the education

khoja- what are the educational strategies that can be used or adopted to help the interns to achieve the out-comes

1- Task-Based education

2- internet based education (e-learning)

3- Clinical rotations

4- integration

5- patient-centered "combativeness"

6- intern- centered

7- community oriented

1- Need Assessment and analysis

khoja- First of all, the basic steps is to develop and agree on methodological approach to develop the curricular based on acceptable scientific sounds methods "Khoja"

Develop team

understand the current situation Saudi/ other experience

Develop a methodological approach

khoja: it should be Evidence based and based on an acceptable methodological approaches

Need assessment

khoja: as general concept

It is counti. effort

logistics and support


7- Educational Environment

-khoja see the 40 items of PHEEM :-)..

Type of hospital

area of the hospital

8- Communication

khoja: 360 degree communication what is that?

within and between the curriculum developer (CD) teams



regular meetings

CD and policy makers

regular meetings




community public media


other stakeholders

training centers and Uni

9- Policies and procedures / Implementation

khoja: what are the regulation ? how this curr. will be managed ...ect -Implementation


Communication between different committees

Curriculum Development

Subcommittees communication

Writing learning outcomes/objectives

Teaching Methods

P&P approval of teaching methods

P&P choice of different teaching methods

Assessment Methods

P&P on choice of assessment methods

The Project's General Strategic Plan

Khoja: before we go farther steps we have to stop and agree on methodological approach and strategic plan to be able to push this project further more to the right direction ... I believe the success of this project depends primarily on developing a solid basic ground we should utilize the (medical education , managements, business concepts ), networking and personal connections develop the feeling of ownership assure sustainability

The mission, Vision

The project outcomes


Core Values & Strategies

Khoja: For the Project / not the curriculum

Value chain

General Situation analysis - SWAT, PEST

Primary RoadMap

Project Management

Process, Monitoring and controlling, Executing


teams - groups

Project Risk

Project cost

Project Schedule/Timeline