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DECADE STUDY: 1950's by Mind Map: DECADE STUDY: 1950's


1.1. Cinema

1.1.1. affected by the invention of television attendence declined

1.1.2. attempted to bring audiences back to cinema

1.1.3. New features! Technicolour Wide Screens Stereo Sound

1.1.4. Cinema still remained the choice leisure activity

1.1.5. Drive-In Cinemas the first drive-in cinema in Australia opened in Melbourne in 1954 Within 2 years 23 drive-ins opened around Australia Web Link "Drive-Ins Downunder" [follow arrow symbol for access]

1.2. Film

1.2.1. low point in Australian film-making

1.2.2. some noteable Australian films did appear in this decade The Glenrowan Affair (1951) Summer of the Seventeenth Doll (1959)

1.2.3. 1955 - the first Australian film released in colour Jedda (1955) Video Clip - Rare Original Movie Posters for the film Jedda - [follow arrow symbol for access]

1.2.4. 1955 - first Australian film to star Indigenous actors

1.3. Television

1.3.1. first introduced in Australia in 1956

1.3.2. televised the Melbourne Olympics of 1956

1.3.3. by 1959, over 50% of Sydney families owned a television set

1.3.4. black and white only

1.3.5. broadcasts were limited to only a few hours each night watching television was considered a 'special event'

1.3.6. variety of broadcasts News Sporting Events Quiz shows Music Programmes Movies 'Radio with Pictures'


2.1. a big decade for sport

2.1.1. Sport evolved from a past-time into a professional industry in Australia

2.2. Increase in participation in sport

2.2.1. Cricket Australian team played 57 test matches throughout the decade Won 29, Lost 12 The Ashes After holding the Ashes for 19 years, Australia lost to England in 1953 Won the Ashes back in 1958 New International Rival teams appearing West Indies Pakistan India

2.2.2. Tennis Australian success in Tennis in the 50's New Tennis Stars Australia won the men's singles title at Wimbledon from 1952 to 1958 Won the Davis Cup 8 times new 'serve-volley' style of play Air travel made international competitions easier to compete in and more popular

2.2.3. Football All codes of Football held huge spectator interest in the 50's planning and construction of many new football fields New international rivals Fiji 9 visits of rival Rugby League teams to Australia 5 Australian Rugby League team international tours

2.2.4. Soccer Important for the migrant communities of Australia Many migrant communities formed local teams based on their home-countries New teams embraced and soccer becoming a more popular sport in the country Some hostility towards the sport Some who believed migrants should be 'assimilating' into Australian culture rather than starting their own new sporting communities

2.3. The 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games

2.3.1. First Olympic Games to be hosted in the Southern Hemisphere Australia's rapid recovery from WW1 is thought of as a contributing factor to the Melbourne winning bid for hosting the Olympic Games Equestrian events were held in Stockholm, Sweden instead of Melbourne due to Australia's strict quarantine laws of the time With horses unable to be brought into the country, this was the first time an Olympic event had been held outside the hosting country

2.3.2. First Olympic Games to be televised on the newly introduced televsion Events televised live Bidding wars for broadcast rights

2.3.3. In the lead up to the Olympics Cold War tensions increased violently when the USSR invaded Hungary The Melbourne Games proceeded anyway Only issue was a violent clash in a water polo event between the USSR and Hungary

2.3.4. Great Australian success in Olympics Australia finished third overall 35 medals total; 13 gold Australia won every men's and women's swimming freestyle event collected 8 gold medals in the pool Stand out Athletes become household names

2.3.5. Video Clip - Melbourne Olympic Games (1956) - [follow arrow symbol for access]


3.1. Teenage fashion trends devloped

3.2. Cinema and Television effected fashion trends

3.2.1. Marlon Brando Blue jeans and leather jacket The Wild One (1953)

3.2.2. James Dean Jeans, leather boots, white t-shirt Rebel Without A Cause (1955)

3.3. Music effected fashion trends

3.3.1. Elvis Presley slicked back "duck-tail" hair style side-burns hairstyle brighter clothing colours sharp, flashy suits unbuttoned shorts with upturned collars

3.4. Both men and women became more fashion conscious

3.4.1. Men's Fashion more acceptable for men to dress "for show" Adult Men's Style remained conservative plain fabrics darker colours Video Clip - 1950's Men's Fashion - [follow the arrow symbol, for access]

3.4.2. Women's Fashion Young Women's Fashion influenced by rock 'n' roll Ladies Fashion influenced by Movie Stars Video Clip - Fashion in the 1950's - [follow arrow symbol for access]


4.1. Radio

4.1.1. The most popular form of entertainment 1955 - 97% of Australian households owned a radio

4.1.2. Broadcast a variety of programmes Music shows News Quiz Programmes Drama serials

4.1.3. changes due to television people began to watch previously radio only programmes on television Changes in radio programmes

4.1.4. New Radios by the end of the 1950's radio had become portable Portable Transistor Radios Car Radios

4.2. Music

4.2.1. new technology Vinyl LP (Long Playing) Records

4.2.2. "Rock 'n' Roll" Genre New genre American musical style origins Rock Around The Clock (1955, Bill Haley) New node Elvis Presley known as "the King of rock 'n' roll" Video Clip - Elvis Presley "Blue Suede Shoes" 1956 - [follow arrow symbol for access] Johnny O'Keefe Col Joye Dances to match the genre invented 'the jitterbug' 'the boogie-woogie'