(Towards) An Anthropology of Therapy and Healing in the US

This is a mental map depicting the traditional healing modalities (ancient to present) from around the world, present prior to the emergence of western psychotherapy in Europe and the United States which evolved in the context of the European Medical Model. The map situates both of these in the relation to additional factors that contributed to the emergence of contemporary Alternative Healing Modalities in the US: a) the sociology of the psychology profession in the US, b) the "New Age" phi...

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(Towards) An Anthropology of Therapy and Healing in the US by Mind Map: (Towards) An Anthropology of Therapy and Healing in the US

1. Psychoanalysis: Freud, Jung, Adler, Self-Psychology, Existentialism, Winnicott, Bowlby

2. World Healing Practices, Ancient to Present

2.1. India: Hinduism/Myth, Buddhism, Yoga, Ayurvedic, Upanishads and Gita, Yoga Nidra, Tantric, Advaita Vedanta. Gandhi, Krishnamurti

2.2. Vietnam: Zen Buddhism, Thich Nhat Hanh & Mindfulness, Colonial Influx of Christianity

2.3. Tibet: Tibetan Buddhism, Dalai Lama

2.4. China: Taoism, Tao de Ching, Confucianism, Buddhism, Feng Shui, Qi Gong

2.5. Japan: Zen Buddhism, Shintoism, Macrobiotics, Nine Star Ki, Hakomi, Naikan, Morita

2.6. Korean: Acupuncture, Herbal & Aromatherapy, Moxibustion, Meditation

2.7. African: Amasiko herbal ritual and application; medicinal plants and herbs, dance, drumming, tribal ritual, Magic (sympathetic magic), diviners, charms, incantionations, and spells.

2.8. Islamic: prayer and conversation based on Quran and Sunnah. Sufi Healing: spiritual, energy work, herbs, and cupping.

2.9. Middle Eastern: Inner/Outer healing, Sufi Healing, Healing oils, roots, and and herbs (aromatherapy), Kabbalistic Healling.

2.10. Native and South American/Indigenous Healing: Shamanic

3. Psychiatry and Psychology (Medical Model) to Psychotherapy/Therapy, Counseling in the US (Social Model) From "Patient" to "Client."

3.1. US Universities model themselves after the German Research University. A Medical Model: APA and DSM. US Psychiatrists are Euro-Centric Psychoanalists/Existentialists: Even: Rogers, Perls, Yalom (and others)

3.2. Rogerian/Experiential Therapy*

3.3. Behavior Therapy

3.4. Cognitive Therapy

3.5. Systems Therapy and Family Therapy*

3.6. Constructionist Therapy

3.7. Social Constructionist Therapy*

3.8. Solution-Focused Therapy

3.9. Narrative Therapy

3.10. Feminist and Multicultural Therapy*

3.11. Integral Therapy

3.12. Interpersonal Neurobioogy

4. Socio-Cultural Factors

4.1. Travel and Immigration

4.2. 1960's Counter Culture/Increase of "New Age" Thinking

4.2.1. Medievel Alchemy, Hermeticism,

4.2.2. European Mystics influence by Eastern Ideas: Swedenbourg, Mesmer, Blatavsky, and Gurdjieff, influence US intellectuals/writers.

4.2.3. US Transcendentalists

4.3. Feminism

4.4. Demographic Changes and Increasing Multi-Cultural Awareness

4.5. Technology

5. MD's-----> Ph.D.'s----->LPC MD's: Psychiatry: Counseling to Pharmacology. Ph.D's: Research, Education, & Counseling LPC's: From Vocational Guidance Counseling to General Therapy LPC's, LMFT's and LSW: the trend in psychotherapy and counseling

6. WESTERN Individualism Nuclear Family/Friends/Peers Independence (Freedom) Cognitive/Intellectual Logical/Evidential See/Positivist Linear Analytical Private Property New: Future-Focused Short-Term: instant gratification Goal-Oriented: payoff

7. EASTERN Collective Tribal/Village/Family Interdependence Intuitive Experiential/Sensory Felt Circular Holistic Communal Property Old: the Past and Remembrance Long-Term: Patience Process

8. 4. Alternate Healing Modalities

8.1. Art Therapies: art, music, dance, writing, photography

8.2. Somatic Therapy: Yoga, Feldenkreis, Walking, Sand Tray, Touch, Massage, Alexander Technique, Yoga Therapy, Pat Ogden's Sensorimotor Therapy

8.3. Dietary: Ayurvedic, Macrobiotic, Raw, Fasting, Gluten/Dairy-Free

8.4. Energy Healing: Acupuncture, Acupressure, Reiki, The Light, Deeksha Oneness Blessing, Crystals, Amma The Hugging St.

8.5. Astrologies: Feng Shui, Chinese, Nine Star Ki, Western Astrology

8.6. Eastern Spiritualist Practice/Counseling and Western Teachers: Gandhi, Dalai Lama, Thich Nhat Hanh, Nsargadatta Maharaj, Krishnamurti, Lama Surya Das, Neem Karoli Baba, Joan Halifax,Pema Chodron, John Kabat-Zinn, Jack Kornfield, Adyashanti, Stephan Bodian, Byron Katie, Eckhart Tolle

8.7. Moving/Martial Arts From Around the World: Qigong, Taiji Tai Chi), Aikido, Capoeira, and 100's of others.

8.8. Integral Thinkers: Ken Wilber

8.9. Shamanic/Indigenous Practices and Rituals: Harbals, Medicinals, Sweat Lodges

8.10. Psych-Ed: Arica, Est, The Forum, Non-Violent Communication, The Secret (Law of Attraction), The Course in Miracles,

8.11. Centers of Education: Esalen, Omega Institute, Naropa Institute, Kripalu, Yogaville,

8.12. More recent Western Practices: EMDR, Neuro-Linguistic Programming, Psych K, Positive Psychology, Voice Mapping

8.13. Channeling: Abraham Hicks, Seth Speaks