Causes of the Civil War

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Causes of the Civil War by Mind Map: Causes of the Civil War

1. New Node

2. 13th Admendment

2.1. The 13th Amendment outlaws slavery.Was passed in January 1865, and when ratified a year later banned slavery and forced labor.

3. Consequences of War

3.1. Was the bloodiest conflict the US ever fought. About 260,000 Confederate soldiers and 360000 Union soldiers lost their lies. About 37000 African Americans lost their lives as well.

4. President Lincoln Assassinated

4.1. Lincoln was shot by Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865. Wilkes was trapped in a farm and was killed when they st it on fire.

5. Cost of War

5.1. Congress passed first income tax in America history to pay for fighting the war. It also printed $4000 million to pay for expenses. This was the first federal currency.

6. Surrender at Appomattox

6.1. On April 9, 1865 Lee surrendered.

7. The Fall of Richmond

8. General Sheran Takes Savannah

9. The Battle of Wilderness

10. The First Battle of Bull Run

10.1. In July 21,30,000 men from both the Confederate and the Union met southwest of Virginia to battle, bringing an audience as well. Armies clashed along a river north of Manassas called Bull Run. Slowly but surely, the battle turned in favor of the Confederates, causing the very poorly trained Union troops to panic. They eventually fled, with no Confederate troops persuading them since they were too tired.

11. General Sherman Takes Atlanta

11.1. Was Sherman's greatest contribution to the Union. Ordered all buildings to be burnt down.

12. The Siege of Vicksburg

12.1. Vicksburg surrendered to General Grant. It was one of the last cities on the Mississippi River to stay in the Confederate's hands. The siege started in March 1863. Union guns shot into Vicksburg causing residents to seek shelter in cellars. After 6 weeks, Confederate solders finally gave up.

13. The Battle of Gettysburg

13.1. In a search for shoes, on July 1 the the Confederate Army encountered a part of Meade's army. Shots were fired while more troops joined each side. By evening, the Union was pushed back through Gettysburg. The fight continued for 2 more days. Both sides faced severe casualties.

14. The Battle of Federicksburg

14.1. In December 1862, Burnside marched his army of 120,000 men to Fredricksburg to block McClellahn's army. He ordered charge after charge. Union suffered nearly 13,000 deaths and 5,000 for the Confederate.

15. Civil War Prison Camps

16. Women in the War

16.1. Women from both South and North contributed in some way. Approximately 400 women disguised themselves as men and joined the army. Some become spies, some toke over farms, business or plantations while their husband, father, or brother was at war.

17. Economy of the War

17.1. Northern economies were blooming by providing needing goods for the war. To pay for war, an income tax law was passed for the first time. $400 million were also printed by Union to help pay taxes.

18. Conscription

19. Riots in Richmond

20. 54th Massachusetts

20.1. By the time the 54th Infantry had headed off to training camps, more than 1,000 black men had volunteered. Robert Gold Shaw was chosen to lead 54th Massachusetts.

21. African American Soldiers

21.1. African Americans were not allowed to join the Union army at the beginning of the Civil War. They were allowed to finally serve right after the Emancipation Proclamation passed.

22. The Emancipation Proclamation

22.1. Issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. It had little immediate effect because it only freed slaves in areas that were fighting against the Union. It didn't free anyone in the border states or in areas in the South that were already under Union rule.

23. Battle of Antietam

24. General Lee Invades the North

24.1. On July 3, General Lee ordered an all-out attack. Once they got there, artillery shells and rifle fire rained down on them. Only a few soldiers made it to Union lines before being driven back.

25. General Lee's Victories in the East

25.1. His troops pushed Union forces backwards into Gettysburg.

26. The Battle of Shiloh

26.1. The Confederacy attacked Union troops near south-western Tennessee. They attacked with the hope that they would stop them before they attacked.

27. General Grant's Victories in the West

27.1. Grant captured Fort Donelson, and with the water routes that led into western Confederacy, he and his troops continued up south along the Tennessee River. Before they could get there, General Albert attacked on April 6.

28. The Fall of New Orleans

28.1. New Orleans was captured by Union on April 28.

29. Union Strategy

29.1. Main goal was to seize Mississippi River, which was a major transportation link for the South. Seizing it would cut the South in half. They also planned to seize Richmond in Virginia which was the Confederate's capital.

30. Confederate States

30.1. Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Massachusetts, Arizona, Louisiana, Florida and Texas

31. Fort Sumter

31.1. Commander of Fort would not surrender. Supplies were cut off since late December and troops would not hold out much longer. Confederate troops decided to capture the fort while it was isolated. This was the start of the Civil War.

32. Matthew Brady Photography

32.1. His pictures were primary and made the war seem real. For people that were unable to fight in the war, these pictures made the war seem more 'real.'

33. Confederate Strategy

33.1. The Confederate found no reason to invade the North; instead they just found the need to defend their land until eventually the North got tired of fighting. They sought help in Britain and other European nations, as a way of repaying them.

34. Border States

34.1. Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Maryland

35. Union States

35.1. Oregon, California, Minnesota, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, Michigan, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine.