Civil War Battles Antietam

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Civil War Battles Antietam by Mind Map: Civil War Battles Antietam

1. WHEN did it happen?

1.1. September 17th, 1862

2. HOW did it happen?

2.1. McClellan acts aggressively and orders his men to attack Lee's army

3. WHY did it happen?

3.1. Union finds a copy of Lee's army orders wrapped around a bunch of cigars. These plans reveal that Lee & McClellan's armies are separated.

3.1.1. Item 1

3.1.2. Item 2

3.1.3. Item 3

3.2. Confederate armies are in the North near Washington D.C. trying to convince Northerners to surrender

4. WHO was involved? Leaders

4.1. Union/North

4.1.1. President Abraham LIncoln

4.1.2. General McClellan

4.2. Confederacy/South

4.2.1. President Jefferson Davis

4.2.2. General Robert E. Lee

5. WHAT happened?

6. WHERE did it happen?

6.1. Maryland

6.2. just into Northern territory near the North/South border

6.3. near Washington D.C.

7. Outcome & Significance

7.1. Deadliest single day in American history

7.2. Casualties greater than 26,000 soldiers

7.3. South loses 1/4 of their men

7.4. Lincoln fires General McClellan because he is too cautious

7.5. Tactically inconclusive, but Union did well enough to give Pres Lincoln the courage to issue the Emancipation Proclamation

8. How was this battle a part of the North or South's Civil War strategy?

8.1. Confederate armies are in the North near Washington D.C. trying to convince Northerners to surrender

9. Sources

9.1. Textbook

9.2. En.wikipedia.org/wiki/battle_of_antietam#battle