chronic asthma

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chronic asthma by Mind Map: chronic asthma

1. clinical presentation

1.1. cough

1.2. wheezing

1.3. shortness of breath

1.4. chest pressure

1.5. anxiety

1.6. pale

1.7. blue lips or finger tips

1.8. bronchospasm

1.9. hypoxemia

2. pathophysiology

2.1. inflammatory mediator activation

2.1.1. vasodilation

2.1.1.1. mucus formation and secretion

2.1.1.2. bronchospasm

2.1.1.3. hyperplasia of smooth muscle

2.1.1.4. hypertrophy of smooth muscles

2.1.1.5. thickening of airways

2.1.1.6. hypersecretion of mast cells

2.2. increased permeability of vasculature

2.2.1. neutrophil

2.2.2. lymphocyte

2.2.3. eosinophils

2.3. IgE production

2.4. interlukins

3. treatment

3.1. individualized plan

3.1.1. identification of triggers

3.1.1.1. avoidance

3.2. lifestyle modifications

3.2.1. air pollution

3.2.1.1. pollen

3.2.1.1.1. exposure prevention of allergens

3.3. weight reductions

3.4. spirometer use

3.5. inhalers

3.6. daily corticosteroids

3.6.1. symptom dependent dosage

4. diagnosis

4.1. family history/ genetics

4.2. obesity

4.3. race

4.4. dyspnea

4.5. cough

4.6. age of onset

4.7. allergen exposure

4.8. recurrent respiratory infections

5. Asthma foundation website: http://www.americanasthmafoundation.org/