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Intelligence by Mind Map: Intelligence
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Intelligence

Definition

Ability to apply information in a few way, whether information was explicitly taught or "known" innately

A person may be considered "intelligent" because he is strong in one area (math, for example), but he may struggle in another area not considered important (artistic ability, for example)

Varies by...

Age

Experiences

Environment

Genetics

Socio-economic factors

Impacted by...

Culture

Pre-/post-natal medical care & nutrition

Parents' education level & interaction

Possible mental retardation or neurological problems. Even kids with diagnosed medical problems are capable of learning and may be considered intelligent, but they are defined by a different kind of intelligence (which may not be recognized by some people).

Tests used to measure...

Developed over many years

Measure different areas

Typically used to determine potential for success in school environments

Some show more bias than others, in language for example

Examples...

How children acquire intelligence...

Pre-disposed to some degree, for example, having natural eye for art

Through experience. Students with much exposure to books and vocabulary in early years will have more prior knowledge to connect to new events

Experiences and/or successes

Traits or actions that are encouraged by family and culture. For example, views on schooling from "Learning Models in Different Cultures" by Jin Li. People from the Chinese culture feel "human lives would be unthinkable" without knowledge.

Theorists

Spearman

Cattell

Gardner