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The Industrial Revolution 1750 - 1914 by Mind Map: The Industrial Revolution 1750 - 1914
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The Industrial Revolution 1750 - 1914

2. The agricultural revolution in Britain.

New machines - seed drilling machine which allowed seeds to be sown quickly

Invention of mechanical ploughs, reaping machines and threshing machines

Farm workers became replaced by machines -- had to move to cities for industrial work

More efficient uses of land

Inclosure movement - the use of fences and boundaries to divide properties amongst people rather than the use of common land

1. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Britain?

Success of overseas colonies

Success of the slave trade

Changes to energy, machinery, and scale

Change to transport

3. The growth and extent of the British Empire from 1750 to 1900.

MAP HERE

By 1900 Britain's empire covered a quarter of the world's land surface

Two stages - old colonial system and new imperialism

4. Raw materials Britain obtained from its Empire and the places they came from.

Wool from Australia

Sugar from Jamaica

Cotton and tea from India

5. Key inventors and their inventions - how did they affect transport and manufacturing?

Jethro Tull invents mechanical seed drill c.1701

Newcomen engine invented 1710-12

Britain's first canal 1757

James Hargreaves invents spinning jenny 1764

James Watt condensing steam engine 1763-75

World's first railway line in Britain 1830

6. How industrialisation contributed to the development of Britain and Australia

Coal, textiles, transport

Mining increased

Textiles -- Wool became a boom industry in Australia with the development of the Merino breed

Railway and canals allowed for the movement of goods and people to be quicker and more efficient

7. Population movement during the Industrial Revolution

People moved from country villages to towns and cities

Wealthy people emigrated to other countries in the Empire to try and build business (eg Australia) as free settlers

Other people were forced to move to cities in search for work - agricultural revolution left many people without jobs

8. Changes to the way of life

With the move to towns and cities living conditions got very crowded and unsanitary

9. Working conditions

There were very little safety considerations

Children were forced to work from the age of three to help provide food

Women and children preferred as workers as they were paid less and could get into tight spaces in machinery

Those who fell asleep severely punished if they were lucky enough to escape death by falling into a machine

'The Poor Law'

10. Positive and negative impacts of the Industrial Revolution

Increased use of fossil fuels and increased emission of greenhouse gases - led to smog and air pollution

Increase in consumption and waste - land fill

Increased awareness for sustainability

New technologies

Population growth

Water pollution

Urbanisation

Industry

Forest clearing

11. Short-term and long-term impacts of the Industrial Revolution

Global landscape growth and change

Transport

Communication

Social revolution