Jamestown became England's first permanent settlement in North America.
Outlook improved after farmers discovered tobacco, which was in high demand in England.
Colonists sought religious freedom. Ten years later, a group known as Puritans also sought religious freedom and established a colony at nearby Massachusetts Bay., The Puritans wanted to build a model community for other Christians to follow.
Dutch merchants formed the Dutch West India Company, and the government granted the company permission to colonize the region and expand the fur trade. Dutch holdings became known as New Netherland.
On these islands, the Europeans built huge cotton and sugar plantations, enslaved Africans would later supply the labor for these products.
With the Dutch gone, English colonized the Atlantic coast of North America. In 1750, about 1.2 million English settlers lived in 13 colonies from Maine to Georgia.
In 1754 a dispute over land claims in the Ohio Valley led to a war between the British and French., Conflict became known as the French and Indian War., The war became part of a larger conflict known as the Seven Years' War., Britain and France and their European colonists battled for supremacy in Europe, the West Indies, and India, North America, the British colonists, and the British Army defeated the French in 1763. French surrendered their North American holdings. British seized control of the eastern half of North America
This was due to mutual benefits of the fur trade. Native Americans did most of the trapping and then traded the furs to the French for such items as guns, hatchets, mirrors, and beads.
Dutch also cooperated with Native Americans in an effort to establish a fur-trading enterprise.
Dutch settlers fought with various Native American groups over land claims and trading rights, but the most part the French and Dutch colonists lived together peacefully with the North Americans.
English sought to populate lands which meant they had to push the natives off the land.
Religious differences heightened tensions. English saw the natives as heathens and Native Americans developed a similarly harsh view on the Europeans.
The Metacom led an attack on colonial villages throughout Massachusetts. In the months that followed, both sides massacred hundreds of victims. The colonists defeated the natives.