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European Nations Settle North America by Mind Map: European Nations Settle North America
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European Nations Settle North America

Competing Claims in North America

Explorers Establish New France

Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec, the base of France's colonial empire known as New France

By the early 1700s New France covered much of what is now the midwestern United States and eastern Canada.

France's North American empire was immense, but sparsely populated. They were more interested in making money off the land.

The English Arrive in North America

Colonists claimed the coast of Virginia and named the settlement Jamestown.

The central interest of searching for gold instead of planting crops, resulting in a high number of starvation, disease as well as battles with Native Americans

Pilgrims founded a second English colony in 1620 known as Plymouth, in Massachusetts.

Following the English and French into North America were the Dutch, and claimed the region along the waterways the Hudson River, Hudson Bay, and Hudson Strait. They established trade with the Iroquois Indians.

During the 1600s, nations of Europe also colonized the Carribbean.

French seized present-day Haiti, Guadeloupe, and Martinique. English got Barbados and Jamaica. Dutch captured the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba from Spain.

The Struggle for North America

The Duke of York claimed the colony for England and renamed it New York.

English pushed farther west, and collided with France's North American holdings. As colonies expanded France and England began to interfere with each other.

Native Americans Respond

French and Dutch developed a cooperative relationship with the Native Americans

Early relations between English settlers and the Native Americans were cooperative, but quickly worsened over issues of land and religion.

Hostility between English and Native Americans led to warfare.

Europeans brought with them several diseases which devasted the native population in North America.