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Enviornmental Science (Vince) by Mind Map: Enviornmental
Science (Vince)
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Enviornmental Science (Vince)

Levels of Organization Smallest to Biggest

organism

population

community

ecosystem

Biome

Biomes

Rain Forest

Temperate deciduous forest

Coniferous forest

desert

Tundra

Freshwater biome

Marine biome

Grassland/savanna

Biodiversity

Genetic Biodiversity

Species Biodiversity

Ecosystem Biodiversity

Threatened species

Trophic Levels

Producer

Primary Consumer

Secondary Consumer

Tertiary Consumer

Decomposers

limiting factors

biotic like amount of the certain species or compitition

abiotic like amount of soil or sediment

carrying capacity (how big of a population can that envirment handle)

Populations

endangered species have little numbers left and are at risk for extinction

Threatened species are like endangerd species but have a few more numbers

hot spots are areas that contain alot of different species

indicator species are species that need a specific envirment to survive and therefor can tell you things about the envirment

population growth is how much a population grows in a certain amount of time

Population growth rate is how fast a population grows in a certian amount of time

mapping

Food chain maps out one thing the consumes the next thing in order

Food web is a map that shows lots of thing the draw energy from many thing in no order

Ecological succession

Pioneer species

primary succession

secondary succesion

climax community

growth rates

Exponential growth is a rate that continues to increase at a faster and faster rate

J- curve is a growth rate the starts of slow but then increases rapidly

S-curve is a growth rate similar to the J-curve except it slows down towards the farther you go

Water Terms

Aquifer is an underground pocket of water that supplies people with wells

Desalination is the removal of salt from salt water

water pollution is when foreign materials enter water supplies

water purification is when you remove materials from the water through filtering or other methods

Water shed is an area where all the water from the region drains, one way or another, into a basin or a river

Wetlands are areas of land that contain high amounts of water

Runoff is when water flows over surfaces and takes materials with it

Water pollution terms

Erosion is when water runoff take soil and dirt with it eventually ending up in a lake or stream

Impermeable means that water can not be obsorbed by it, this means that there is high runoff on impermeable surfaces

Urbanization is the development of domestic homes and buildings to a forested area

Point source pollution is pollution that is easly identifiable and therefore easlity tested

Non-point source pollution is pollution that comes from many sources and is hard to identify

Types of pollution

Organic pollutants are pollutants that aren't manufactured like soil, waste, and leaves

Inorganic pollutants are pollutants that are manufactured like plastic, glass, and garbage

Reasources

Natural reasources are materials that come from the earth, most materials are natural in some way

Renewable resources are materials or power supplies that can be replaced within the span of a human life

Nonrenewable resources are materials or power supplies that can not be replaced withing the span of a human life