Sleep Terrors

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Sleep Terrors by Mind Map: Sleep Terrors

1. Why is heat such big factor in having night terrors and what are some ways to control this?

1.1. Perspective #3: Website designed for advanced medical help. "Night Terrors." WebMD. WebMD, 10 Mar. 0003. Web. 07 May 2014. http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/night-terrors

1.1.1. ABCD: This website has been used by multiple persons regarding medical help and it is widely known to be a useful source. People who created this website are medical professionals. There are no biases detected and it has been updated within the past year.

1.1.1.1. -Heat has been found in many studies. -Most children sleep upstairs, and since heat rises, this is a linked cause. -If child must sleep upstairs, include a fan or some type of cooling aspect. -Putting a child's feet in COOL water may instantly solve a terror. CAT and MRI are usually unnecessary.

1.2. Perspective #1: Doesn't have a child with night terrors. Markham, Laura. "Ask the Doctor - Answers to Your Parenting Questions." Toddler with Night Terrors. Dr. Laura Markham, 15 Sept. 2008. Web. 1 May 2014. http://www.ahaparenting.com/ask-the-doctor-1/toddler-with-night-terrors

1.2.1. ABCD: Author has a PhD in Clinical Psychology from Columbia University. Up to date on the latest scientific research. Author of multiple books regarding children and advice on parenting them. No biases are detected. Created for sole use of helping persons who have this disorder

1.2.1.1. • Occur during stage 4 or during the transition from stage for to REM. • Actually asleep (according to brain waves) even if eyes are open. Often don’t remember them. • 15% of kids experience at least 1. • caused by over-arousal of the central nervous system • there is a link between sleep apnea and night terrors • stress and over tiredness causes night terrors • not dangerous, but parents find them most terrifying • fevers can trigger night terrors •Regular bedtime routine and sufficient sleep

1.3. Perspective #2: Has a child suffering from night terrors. "Night Terrors Resource Center." Night Terrors Resource Center. One and Done, 13 Mar. 2000. Web. 05 May 2014. http://www.nightterrors.org/darlene.htm

1.3.1. ABCD: This website is created by Dr. Roger Broughton. If you look him up you will see he has been used as an expert witness in court and is a MDCM, Ph.D., FRCPC, Neurologist and Sleep Medicine Expert with the University of Ottawa. No biases are detected. Intended to help people with this disorder.

1.3.1.1. -May notice child sweating during a night terror. This may be worse if child is hot before bed. -keep a window cracked open for fresh air -Light weight 100% cotton pajamas are helpful -During summer, have your child wear underwear and t-shirt. -try not to have your child be wrapped up tight with a blanket.

2. What are some commonalities between the types of dreams a child with sleep terrors face? Are there sleeping patterns and certain environments associated with these?

2.1. Perspective #1: Written by a doctor Wolke, Dieter. "Night Terrors: In My Wildest Dreams - Life & Style - NZ Herald News." The New Zealand Herald. N.p., 30 Apr. 2014. Web. 06 May 2014. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/lifestyle/news/article.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=11246817

2.1.1. ABCD: This research was done by a psychology professor who works at a university. He has collected tons of data from such sleep studies and has been doing this for a quite a bit of time. No biases detected and this article was created a little more than a week ago, so this information is extremely current.

2.1.1.1. -they can scream, shout and thrash around in extreme panic, sometimes jumping out of bed -known to have fallen of balconies and flying out windows -someone has broken in and trying to hurt them. -moving to a new location increases terrors -Not a

2.2. Perspective #2: Website designed for advanced medical help. "Night Terrors." WebMD. WebMD, 10 Mar. 0003. Web. 07 May 2014. http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/night-terrors

2.2.1. ABCD: This website has been used by multiple persons regarding medical help and it is widely known to be a useful source. People who created this website are medical professionals. There are no biases detected and it has been updated within the past year.

2.2.1.1. -Intense crying and fear during sleep, not really dreams -"someone is trying to get me" -Increase of breathing and heart rates along with sweating. -Wake up confused and disoriented with surrounding. -If they wake up during, may recall a small portion -try slowing down routine before bed to reduce terrors

2.3. Perspective #3: Has a child suffering from night terrors. "Night Terrors Resource Center." Night Terrors Resource Center. One and Done, 13 Mar. 2000. Web. 05 May 2014. http://www.nightterrors.org/darlene.htm

2.3.1. ABCD: This website is created by Dr. Roger Broughton. If you look him up you will see he has been used as an expert witness in court and is a MDCM, Ph.D., FRCPC, Neurologist and Sleep Medicine Expert with the University of Ottawa. No biases are detected. Intended to help people with this disorder.

2.3.1.1. Very loud environments are associated with terrors.

3. How do night terrors begin, and what causes them? How does the child feel after a night terror?

3.1. Perspective #2: This has been written by a doctor Kaneshiro, Neil K. "Night Terror: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 04 May 2014. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000809.htm

3.1.1. ABCD: This website is created by the United States National Library of Medicine and the national institutes of health. This website is created by multiple doctors who have medical degrees. No biases detected and all information is credible. This website has been updated recently.

3.2. Perspective #1: Student researched night terrors "Informative Speech: "Night Terrors"" YouTube. YouTube, 03 Apr. 2008. Web. 05 May 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OxgNDKJUxF4

3.2.1. ABCD: This speech was given during a speech contest at Belmont University by a college student majoring in Psychology. No biases are detected and the information is up to date with recent findings.

3.2.1.1. -Child often remembers absolutely nothing from the terror -Often start after 90 minutes of sleep. If they have them often, there is usually a pattern. -Slamming of a door before bed may slightly awake the child and they may become more susceptible -some terrors are genetic and will go away in time -parents will be more emotional than child will be

4. SYNTHESIS: Heat is found in a lot of cases regarding night terrors. The best way to treat this, is by cracking open your child's window. This allows a steady flow of cool air through your child's room. Another thing you could do is make sure the child is not wrapped up to tightly in their blankets. In all of my sources, these two things prove to be the most effective. You could also place their feet in cool water once they have cooled down.

5. SYNTHESIS: Night terrors are often genetic. This allows the child no resistance to these terrors. Like most children, night terrors will go away once the child is at the stage of adolescents. A quiet environment also allows the child to be less susceptible to night terrors. Even a door slam will allow the child to partially wake up. Every single source I've come a crossed has stated that the child will know nothing about the night terror. However, if they fully wake up during the terror, then they may remember a small amount. Make sure all sharp or potentially hard objects are away from the child.

6. SYNTHESIS: Very loud environments are linked to night terrors. Another thing that has an effect on night terrors is moving. There are many cases where the child has never had a night terror, and once they move, they started to have them. A college student moving to Britain threw himself off a two story balcony thinking that his apartment was being broke into. Children are not fully awake during the night terror and often "dream" about being chased by a perpetrator or someone is breaking in.