C6 Chemical Synthesis

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C6 Chemical Synthesis by Mind Map: C6 Chemical Synthesis

1. 1. Acid reactions Page 210-211

1.1. Metal+Acid=>Salt+Water

1.2. Metal Oxide+Acid=>Salt+Water

1.3. Metal Carbonate+Acid=>Salt+Water+Carbon Dioxide

2. 2. The ionic theory of acids and alkalis Page 212-213

2.1. Contains Hydrogen- above 7 on the pH scale

2.2. Contains Hydroxide- below 7 on the pH scale

2.3. The balance of pH when an acid is added to an alkali: H+OH=H20

3. 3. Controlling the rate of reaction Page 218-221

3.1. Factors that affect rate of reaction

3.1.1. Concentration

3.1.2. Particle size of solid reactants

3.1.3. Temperature

3.1.4. Catalysts

3.2. Ways to measure rate of reaction

3.2.1. Collecting and measuring a gas product

3.2.2. Measuring the loss of mass as a gas forms

3.2.3. Timing how long it takes for a solution to turn cloudy

3.2.4. Timing how long it takes for a small amount of solid reactant to disappear

4. 4. Synthesis Page 226-229, 224-225

4.1. Steps involved in chemical synthesis

4.2. Measuring yield

4.3. Balanced chemical equations to work out quantities of chemicals used

5. 5. The chemical industry Page 206-207

5.1. Bulk chemicals

5.2. Fine chemicals

5.3. Uses of chemicals