Reported Speech

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Reported Speech by Mind Map: Reported Speech

1. 1) Use

1.1. We use Reported Speech(RS) to report what someone has said in a previous moment.

1.1.1. Direct Speech(DS): He said," I wrote Jean a letter."

1.1.2. RS: He said he had written Jean a letter.

2. 2) Tense Changes

2.1. When we report a speech we must change the tense of the original sentence.

2.1.1. Present simple in the DS: She said, "It's cold." = Past simple in the RS: She said it was cold.

2.1.2. Present continuous in the DS: She said, "I'm teaching English online." = Past continuous in the RS: She said she was teaching English online.

2.1.3. Present perfect simple in the DS: She said, "I've been on the web since 1999." = Past perfect simple in the RS: She said she had been on the web since 1999.

2.1.4. Present perfect continuous in the DS: She said, "I've been teaching English for seven years." = Past perfect continuous in the RS: She said she had been teaching English for seven years.

2.1.5. Past simple in the DS: She said, "I taught online yesterday." = Past perfect in the RS: She said she had taught online yesterday.

2.1.6. Past continuous in the DS: She said, "I was teaching earlier." = Past perfect continuous in the RS: She said she had been teaching earlier.

2.1.7. *Past perfect in the DS: She said, "The lesson had already started when he arrived." = Past perfect in the RS: She said the lesson had already started when he arrived.(no change)

2.1.8. *Past perfect continuous in the DS: She said, "I'd already been teaching for five minutes." = Past perfect continuous in the RS: She said she'd already been teaching for five minutes.(no change)

2.1.9. Modal verbs forms

2.1.9.1. Will in the DS: She said, "I'll teach English online tomorrow." = Would in the RS: She said she would teach English online tomorrow.

2.1.9.2. Can in the DS: She said, "I can teach English online." = Could in the RS: She said she could teach English online.

2.1.9.3. Must in the DS: She said, "I must have a computer to teach English online." = Had to in the RS: She said she had to have a computer to teach English online.

2.1.9.4. Shall in the DS: She said, "What shall we learn today?" = Should in the RS: She asked what we should learn today.

2.1.9.5. May in the DS: She said, "May I open a new browser?" = Might in the RS: She asked if she might open a new browser.

2.1.10. *Could, Would, Should, Might and Ought to

2.1.10.1. It does not change: DS: "I might go to the cinema", he said. = RS: He said he might go to the cinema.

3. 3) Videos

3.1. Learn English Through Song Lesson 60 Reported Speech

3.2. PI1010 - English 5 10:30 am Reported Speech

3.3. REPORTED SPEECH real presentation

3.4. REPORTED SPEECH FINAL1

4. 4) Exercises

4.1. Reported Speech Exercise.

4.2. Reported Speech (Indirect Speech)

4.3. Self-Test Quiz: The American Pepper: Exercise on Reported Speech

4.4. Reported speech, Indirect speech - Grammar exercises

4.5. Reported Speech Quiz

4.6. MOVIE SEGMENTS: Reported Speech

4.7. Activities with songs

4.7.1. Friends Theme - Reported Speech

4.7.1.1. FRIENDS Original Opening Sequence

4.7.2. Musical English Lessons International

4.7.2.1. The Beatles - Do You Want to Know a Secret

5. 5) Worksheets

5.1. My English Printable Worksheets

5.2. Materi Reported Speech

5.3. English worksheets: Reported Speech worksheets and activities 1

5.4. English worksheets: Reported Speech worksheets and activities 2

5.5. Busy Teacher

6. 6) Summary Chart

6.1. INDIRECT (REPORTED) SPEECH TENSE CHANGE LIST

6.2. Lesson Topic: Quoted Speech and Reported Speech

7. 7) Made by:

7.1. Andréa Potugal

7.2. Cibele Ribeiro

7.3. Daniele Nocchi

7.4. Hellen Faustino

7.5. Ryan Siqueira

7.6. Louise Moore